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Digital Elevation Model of Kauai, Hawaii, Integrating Bathymetric and Topographic Datasets

browse graphicPerspective view of DEM
NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) is building high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) for select U.S. coastal regions. These integrated bathymetric-topographic DEMs are used to support tsunami forecasting and warning efforts at the NOAA Center for Tsunami Research, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL). The DEMs are part of the tsunami forecast system SIFT (Short-term Inundation Forecasting for Tsunamis) currently being developed by PMEL for the NOAA Tsunami Warning Centers, and are used in the MOST (Method of Splitting Tsunami) model developed by PMEL to simulate tsunami generation, propagation, and inundation. Bathymetric, topographic, and shoreline data used in DEM compilation are obtained from various sources, including NGDC, the U.S. National Ocean Service (NOS), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and other federal, state, and local government agencies, academic institutions, and private companies. DEMs are referenced to the vertical tidal datum of Mean High Water (MHW) and horizontal datum of World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS84). Grid spacings for the DEMs range from 1/3 arc-second (~10 meters) to 3 arc-seconds (~90 meters).

Cite this dataset when used as a source.

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Distribution Formats
  • ESRI Arc ASCII (Version: 1)
    • File Compression: WINZIP
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Point of Contact DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
dem.info@noaa.gov
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • NOAA Tsunami Inundation Gridding Project
  • Digital Elevation Model of Kauai, Hawaii: Procedures, Data Sources, and Analysis
Originator
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publisher
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Date(s)
  • publication: 2012-05-20
Edition: First
Data Presentation Form: mapDigital
Dataset Progress Status Complete
Data Update Frequency: As needed
Purpose: Developed for the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL), NOAA Center for Tsunami Research program in support of NOAA's tsunami forecasting and warning efforts.
Use Limitations
  • Not to be used for navigation. Although these data are of high quality and useful for planning and modeling purposes, they are not suitable for navigation. For navigation, please refer to the NOS nautical chart series.
  • Produced by the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center. Not subject to copyright protection within the United States.
Time Period: 1926-01-01  to  2009-01-01
Spatial Reference System: urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326 urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::5868
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
N: 22.40
S: 21.55
E: -159.09
W: -160.40
Spatial Coverage Map:
Themes
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Seafloor Topography
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Bathymetry
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Water Depth
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Topography > Terrain Elevation
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Topography > Topographical Relief
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coastal Elevation
  • DEM > Digital Elevation Model
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • WDC/MGG, BOULDER > World Data Center for Marine Geology and Geophysics, Boulder
  • H: 1 meter - < 30 meters
  • V: < 1 meter
  • Coastal Relief
  • Gridded elevations
  • Integrated bathymetry and topography
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS > WEB-BASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • DATA MANAGEMENT/DATA HANDLING > DATA SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > VISUALIZATION/IMAGE PROCESSING
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS > WEB-BASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • DATA MANAGEMENT/DATA HANDLING > DATA SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > VISUALIZATION/IMAGE PROCESSING
Places
  • Continent > North America > United States of America > Hawaii
  • Ocean > Pacific Ocean
  • Vertical Location > Hawaii
  • Vertical Location > Sea Floor
  • Kauai
  • Nawiliwili
  • Hanalei
  • Ni'ihau
Use Constraints No constraint information available
Fees Fee information not available.
Source Datasets
  • Electronic Navigational Charts and Raster Nautical Charts
  • USGS NED topography
  • NGDC Multibeam Bathymetry Database
  • Kauai Shoals Bathymetry
  • NOS Hydrographic Surveys
  • NGDC Hanalei Digital Elevation Model
  • Kauai Lidar
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: topographic lidar
    • Temporal extent used:  unknown  to 
  • Bench Mark Data Sheets with Tidal Datum References
Lineage Statement Lineage statement not available.
Processor
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Processing Steps
  • All datasets obtained by NGDC were converted to common horizontal and vertical datums using FME and VDatum. They were also converted to common file formats for visualization and inspection.
  • Datasets were visually inspected with ArcGIS and Quick Terrain Modeler for identification and editing of data anomalies. Datasets were then compared with overlapping datasets to ensure data consistency.
  • Coastline datasets were merged and adjusted to fit most current lidar topographic zero elevation line.
  • xyz files of the bathymetric data were surfaced using GMT's 'surface' tool onto a 1 arc-second grid that interpolated to fill empty cells. Points extracted every 10 meters along the coastline were also included to ensure that the bathymetric grid reached zero at the coast. The resulting Arc ASCII grid was imported into ArcGIS and clipped to the coastline to remove values over land.
  • xyz files for each input dataset were gridded using MB-System's 'mbgrid' tool, which utilizes a high-tension spline interpolation method to fill grid cells with no input elevation values. Preferential weighting was given to more recent, higher-accuracy datasets. The grids were imported in ArcGIS and transformed to MHW.
  • The DEM was quantitatively evaluated by comparing it with source datasets and with elevation values extracted from NGS geodetic monuments. It was visually evaluated by converting to UTM-zone coordinates (units of meters horizontally and vertically) and then creating a slope grid to identify gridding artifacts in the DEM.
Processing Environment Native Dataset Environment: Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.2 (Build 3790) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 10.0

Metadata Last Modified: 2013-08-12

For questions about the information on this page, please email: kelly.carignan@noaa.gov