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Wake Island Coastal Digital Elevation Model

browse graphicPerspective view of DEM
NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) is building high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) for select U.S. coastal regions. These integrated bathymetric-topographic DEMs are used to support tsunami forecasting and modeling efforts at the NOAA Center for Tsunami Research, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL). The DEMs are part of the tsunami forecast system SIFT (Short-term Inundation Forecasting for Tsunamis) currently being developed by PMEL for the NOAA Tsunami Warning Centers, and are used in the MOST (Method of Splitting Tsunami) model developed by PMEL to simulate tsunami generation, propagation, and inundation. Bathymetric, topographic, and shoreline data used in DEM compilation are obtained from various sources, including NGDC, the U.S. National Ocean Service (NOS), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and other federal, state, and local government agencies, academic institutions, and private companies. DEMs are referenced to the vertical tidal datum of Mean High Water (MHW) and horizontal datum of World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS84). Grid spacings for the DEMs range from 1/3 arc-second (~10 meters) to 3 arc-seconds (~90 meters).

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Distribution Formats
  • ESRI Arc ASCII (Version: 1)
    • File Compression: WINZIP
Distributor Distributor information not available
No point of contact available for this dataset
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • NOAA Tsunami Inundation Gridding Project
  • Digital Elevation Models of Wake Island: Procedures, Data Sources, and Analysis
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • publication: 2009-04-13
Edition: First
Data Presentation Form: mapDigital
Dataset Progress Status Complete
Data Update Frequency: As needed
Purpose: Developed for the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL), NOAA Center for Tsunami Research program in support of NOAA's tsunami forecasting and warning efforts.
Time Period: 1968-01-01  to  2009-01-01
Spatial Reference System:
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
N: 19.76
S: 18.84
E: 167.10
W: 166.15
Spatial Coverage Map:
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Seafloor Topography
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Bathymetry
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Water Depth
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Topography > Terrain Elevation
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Topography > Topographical Relief Maps
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coastal Elevation
  • DEM > Digital Elevation Model
  • H: 30 meter - < 100 meters
  • V: 1 meter - < 10 meters
  • Coastal Relief
  • Gridded elevations
  • Integrated bathymetry and topography
  • Continent > North America > United States of America > Pacific Ocean
  • Ocean > Pacific Ocean > North Pacific Ocean
  • Vertical Location > Land Surface
  • Vertical Location > Sea Floor
  • Wake Island
Use Constraints No constraint information available
Fees Fee information not available.
Source Datasets
  • Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)
  • NGDC Multibeam Bathymetry Database
  • ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model
  • NGDC Marine Geophysical Trackline Database
Lineage Statement Lineage statement not available.
Processing Steps
  • All datasets obtained by NGDC were converted to common horizontal and vertical datums of WGS84 geographic and Mean High Water, respectively, using FME. They were also converted to common file format, ESRI point shapefiles, for visualization and inspection.
  • Datasets were visually inspected with ArcGIS for identification and editing of data anomalies. Datasets were then compared with overlapping datasets to ensure data consistency.
  • xyz files of the bathymetric data were surfaced using GMT's 'surface' tool onto a 3 arc-second grid that interpolated to fill empty cells. Points extracted every 10 meters along the coastline were also included to ensure that the bathymetric grid reached zero at the coast. The resulting Arc ASCII grid was imported into ArcGIS and clipped to the coastline to remove values over land.
  • xyz files for each input dataset were gridded using MB-System's 'mbgrid' tool, which utilizes a high-tension spline interpolation method to fill grid cells with no input elevation values. Preferential weighting was given to more recent, higher-accuracy datasets. Gridding was performed in quadrants, each with a 5% data buffer. The grids were imported in ArcGIS and seamlessly merged to create the final DEM.
  • The DEM was quantitatively evaluated by comparing with source datasets. It was visually evaluated by converting to UTM-zone coordinates (units of meters horizontally and vertically) and then creating a slope grid to identify gridding artifacts in the DEM.
Processing Environment Native Dataset Environment: Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.2 (Build 3790) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog

Metadata Last Modified: 2015-09-03

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