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Central California Coastal Digital Elevation Model

browse graphicPerspective view of DEM
NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) is building high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) for select U.S. coastal regions. These integrated bathymetric-topographic DEMs are used to support tsunami forecasting and warning efforts at the NOAA Center for Tsunami Research, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL). The DEMs are part of the tsunami forecast system SIFT (Short-term Inundation Forecasting for Tsunamis) currently being developed by PMEL for the NOAA Tsunami Warning Centers, and are used in the MOST (Method of Splitting Tsunami) model developed by PMEL to simulate tsunami generation, propagation, and inundation. Bathymetric, topographic, and shoreline data used in DEM compilation are obtained from various sources, including NGDC, the U.S. National Ocean Service (NOS), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and other federal, state, and local government agencies, academic institutions, and private companies. DEMs are referenced to the vertical tidal datum of North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) or Mean High Water (MHW) and horizontal datum of World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS84). Cell size for the DEMs ranges from 1/3 arc-second (~10 meters) to 3 arc-seconds (~90 meters).

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Distribution Formats
  • ESRI Arc ASCII (Version: 1)
    • File Compression: WINZIP
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Point of Contact DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
dem.info@noaa.gov
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • NOAA Tsunami Inundation Gridding Project
  • Digital Elevation Models of Central California and San Francisco Bay, California: Procedures, Data Sources, and Analysis
Originator
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publisher
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Date(s)
  • publication: 2010-07-20
Edition: First
Data Presentation Form: mapDigital
Dataset Progress Status Complete
Data Update Frequency: As needed
Purpose: Developed for the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL), NOAA Center for Tsunami Research program in support of NOAA's tsunami forecasting and warning efforts.
Use Limitations
  • Not to be used for navigation. Although these data are of high quality and useful for planning and modeling purposes, they are not suitable for navigation. For navigation, please refer to the NOS nautical chart series.
  • Produced by the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center. Not subject to copyright protection within the United States.
  • While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Time Period: 1922-01-01  to  2009-01-01
Spatial Reference System: urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326 urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::5868
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
N: 38.75
S: 37.0
E: -121.85
W: -124.0
Spatial Coverage Map:
Themes
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Seafloor Topography
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Bathymetry
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Water Depth
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Topography > Terrain Elevation
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Topography > Topographical Relief
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coastal Elevation
  • DEM > Digital Elevation Model
  • DTM > Digital Terrain Model
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • WDC/MGG, BOULDER > World Data Center for Marine Geology and Geophysics, Boulder
  • H: 1 meter - < 30 meters
  • V: < 1 meter
  • Coastal Relief
  • Gridded elevations
  • Integrated bathymetry and topography
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS > WEB-BASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • DATA MANAGEMENT/DATA HANDLING > DATA SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > VISUALIZATION/IMAGE PROCESSING
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS > WEB-BASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • DATA MANAGEMENT/DATA HANDLING > DATA SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > VISUALIZATION/IMAGE PROCESSING
Places
  • Continent > North America > United States of America > California
  • Ocean > Pacific Ocean > North Pacific Ocean
  • Vertical Location > Land Surface
  • Vertical Location > Sea Floor
  • San Francisco Bay
  • Oakland
  • Palo Alto
  • Bodega Bay
  • Tomalas Bay
  • San Pablo Bay
  • San Mateo
  • San Francisco County
  • Central California
Use Constraints No constraint information available
Fees Fee information not available.
Source Datasets
  • NOS Hydrographic Surveys
  • CSUMB Multibeam Swath Sonar Surveys
  • Electronic Navigational Charts
  • USACE Hydrographic Surveys
  • USGS NED topography
  • Sacramento - San Joaquin River Delta lidar
  • GeoEarthScope Northern California lidar
  • National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping lidar
  • North and Central San Francisco Bay Lidar
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: topographic lidar ; Source Type: hard drive
    • Temporal extent used:  unknown  to 
  • VDatum software v. 2.2.7
Lineage Statement Lineage statement not available.
Processor
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Processing Steps
  • All datasets obtained by NGDC were converted to common horizontal and vertical datums of WGS 84 geographic and NAVD 88, respectively, using FME and VDatum transformation tool. They were also converted to common file format, ESRI point shapefiles, for visualization and inspection.
  • Datasets were visually inspected with ArcGIS for identification and editing of data anomalies. Datasets were then compared with overlapping datasets to ensure data consistency.
  • Coastline datasets were merged and adjusted to fit satellite imagery.
  • xyz files of the bathymetric data were surfaced using GMT's 'surface' tool onto a 1 arc-second grid outside San Francisco Bay and 1/3 arc-second within the bay that interpolated to fill empty cells. Points extracted every 10 meters along the coastline were also included to ensure that the bathymetric grid reached zero at the coast. The resulting Arc ASCII grid was imported into ArcGIS and clipped to the coastline to remove values over land.
  • xyz files for each input dataset were gridded using MB-System's 'mbgrid' tool, which utilizes a high-tension spline interpolation method to fill grid cells with no input elevation values. Preferential weighting was given to more recent, higher-accuracy datasets. Gridding was performed in quadrants, each with a 5% data buffer. The grids were imported in ArcGIS and seamlessly merged to create the final DEM.
  • The NAVD 88 DEM was quantitatively evaluated by comparing with source datasets and with elevation values extracted from NGS geodetic monuments. It was visually evaluated by converting to UTM-zone coordinates (units of meters horizontally and vertically) and then creating a slope grid to identify gridding artifacts in the DEM.
  • A conversion grid that models the relationship between NAVD 88 and MHW was created using data points and the VDatum transformation tool. This conversion grid was added to the NAVD 88 DEM to generate the MHW DEM.
Processing Environment Native Dataset Environment: Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.2 (Build 3790) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.2.4.1420

Metadata Last Modified: 2013-02-25

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