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U.S. Geoid Heights (GEOID96)

This 2' geoid height grid for the conterminous United States is the GEOID96 model. The computation used about 1.8 million terrestrial and marine gravity data held in the National Geodetic Survey gravity data base in July 1996. These data were augmented by gravity data contributions from NGA (former National Imagery and Mapping Agency (former Defence Mapping Agency)). By means of a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) technique, high frequency corrections were made to an underlying EGM96 geopotential model through a remove, compute, and restore process. The gravity values are based on the International Gravity Standardization Net 1971 (IGSN71). The geoid heights are referred to the Geodetic Reference System 1980 (GRS80) ellipsoid. GEOID96 incorporates the reference system relationship between NAD 83(86) and ITRF94(1996.0), the datum offset of NAVD 88, and the contributions from 2951 GPS on leveled benchmarks. Additional information is available at http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/GEOID/geoid.htmlWe are particularly grateful to NGA (former National Imagery and Mapping Agency) for their assistance and their data contributions.

Use Constraints: If you use this data, please cite the National Geophysical Data Center and the originator of the data.

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    Distribution Formats
    • Binary
    Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC - National Geophysical Data Center
    Point of Contact Susan McLean
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
    (303) 497-6478
    Susan.McLean@noaa.gov
    Documentation links not available.
    Originator
    • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC - National Geophysical Data Center
    Publisher
    • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC - National Geophysical Data Center
    Date(s)
    • publication: 1999-01-01
    Edition: 1999 Edition
    Dataset Progress Status Complete
    Data Update Frequency: Irregular
    Purpose: To provide easy access to global and regional gravity data and related models for scientific studies.
    Time Period:  to 
    Spatial Reference System: urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::5715
    Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
    N: 53
    S: 24
    E: -66
    W: -130
    Spatial Coverage Map:
    Themes
    • EARTH SCIENCE>SOLID EARTH>Geodetics/Gravity>Control Surveys
    • EARTH SCIENCE>SOLID EARTH>Geodetics/Gravity>Gravitational Field
    • EARTH SCIENCE>SOLID EARTH>Geodetics/Gravity>Gravity
    • EARTH SCIENCE>SOLID EARTH>Geodetics/Gravity>Reference Systems
    • EARTH SCIENCE>SOLID EARTH>Geodetics/Gravity>Satellite Orbits
    • Absolute Gravity
    • Bouguer Gravity
    • Free Air Anomaly
    • Gridded Gravity
    • Land Gravity
    • Observed Gravity
    • WDC/SEG, BOULDER>World Data Center for Solid Earth Geophysics, Boulder
    • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
    Places
    • Continent>North America>United States of America
    Use Constraints
    • Use Constraints: If you use this data, please cite the National Geophysical Data Center and the originator of the data.
    Access Constraints
    • Access Constraints: None
    Fees
    • Depends on the data set
    Source Datasets
    • U.S. Geoid Heights (GEOID96)
      • Description of Source: Source Contribution: Gravity survey data Source Type: varies
      • Temporal extent used:   to 
    Lineage Statement Lineage statement not available.
    Processor
    • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
    Processing Steps
    • All data were processed by the source before being forwarded to the National Geophysical Data Center

    Metadata Last Modified: 2012-10-26

    For questions about the information on this page, please email: Brian.Meyer@noaa.gov