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Metadata Identifier: gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos:G01198

Aggregation Info | Bands | Citations | Constraints | Coverage Descriptions | Dimensions | Extents | Formats | Geographic Bounding Box
Georectified Information | Georeferenceable Information | Identifiers | Instruments | Mediums | OnlineResources | Operations
Platforms | Process Steps | Range Elements | Reference Systems | Responsible Parties | Series | Sources | Spatial Grids | Temporal Extents

MD_DataIdentification

Count Component Title Abstract
1 Earthquake Damage to Schools This set of slides graphically illustrates the potential danger that major earthquakes pose to school structures and to the children and adults who happen to be inside at the time of the earthquake. It includes pictures from 1886 to 1988. The set includes nine destructive earthquakes that occurred in the U.S. and eight earthquakes that occurred in foreign countries. These unusual slides show earthquake damage to school s and university buildings around the world. They graphically illustrate the potential danger to our schools, and to the welfare of our children, that results from major earthquakes. The slides range from Algeria, where a collapsed school roof is held up only by students' desks; to Anchorage, Alaska, where an elementary school structure has split in half; to California and other areas, where school buildings have sustained damage to walls, roofs, and chimneys. Interestingly, all the United States earthquakes depicted in this set of slides occurred either on a holiday or before or after school hours, except the 1935 tremor in Helena, Montana, which occurred at 11:35 a.m. It undoubtedly would have caused casualties had the schools not been closed days earlier by Helena city officials because of a damaging foreshock. Students in Algeria, the People's Republic of China, Armenia, and other stricken countries were not so fortunate. This set of slides represents 17 destructive earthquakes that occurred in 9 countries, and covers more than a century--from 1886 to 1988. Two of the tremors, both of which occurred in the United States, were magnitude 8+ on the Richter Scale, and four were magnitude 7-7.9. The events represented by the slides (see table below) claimed more than a quarter of a million lives. List Of Earthquakes represented in the slide set are: Algeria: El Asnam, Armenian SSR: Spitak, Australia: Cadoux, Ecuador: Esmeraldas, Mexico: Veracruz, People's Republic of China: Tangshan, Peru: Lima, Turkey: Lice, USA: Alaska: Anchorage, California: San Francisco, Long Beach, Kern County, Coalinga, Montana: Hebgen Lake, Helena, South Carolina: CharlestonIn the following descriptions of earthquakes the location is only approximate. The damage is in millions of U.S. dollars.
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SV_Identification

none found
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CI_Citation

Count Component Title Date Citation Identifier
1 Earthquake Damage to Schools
    1994
Document
1 INFOTERRA Keyword Thesaurus
    1 GCMD Data Center Keywords NASA/GCMD Data Center Keywords
      2015-03-01
      1995-04-24
    1 NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
      1 NASA/GCMD Location Keywords
        1 GCMD Project Keywords NASA/GCMD Project Keywords
          2015-03-01
          1995-04-24
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        CI_Series

        none found
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        CI_ResponsibleParty

        Count Component Individual Organization Position Email Role Linkage
        2 GCMD Valids http://gcmd.nasa.gov/learn/keyword_list.html
        1 Anna Milan Anna Milan DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Metadata Specialist Anna.Milan@noaa.gov pointOfContact
        1 NCEI (publisher) DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce publisher
        1 NCEI User Services (distributor) DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce User Services ngdc.info@noaa.gov distributor
        3 Hazards Data Manager (pointOfContact) DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Hazards Data Manager haz.info@noaa.gov pointOfContact
        1 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (comp) originator
        2 GCMD User Support Office NASA GCMD User Support Office gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov publisher http://gcmd.nasa.gov/MailComments/MailComments.jsf?rcpt=gcmduso
        1 National Geophysical Data Center publisher
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        CI_OnlineResource

        Count Component Linkage Name Description Function
        2 http://gcmd.nasa.gov/MailComments/MailComments.jsf?rcpt=gcmduso GCMD Feedback Form Have a Comment for the GCMD? information
        2 http://gcmd.nasa.gov/learn/keyword_list.html GCMD's Science Keywords and Associated Directory Keywords This page describes the NASA GCMD Keywords, how to reference those keywords and provides download instructions. information
        1 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/
        1 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazardimages/
        1 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?eq_1=5&t=101634&s=0&d=4&d=44
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        MD_Identifier or RS_Identifier

        Count Component Code
        1 Document
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        EX_Extent

        Bounding Box Temporal Extent
        Count Component Description West East North South Start End
        1 -147 118.11 60.4 -30.47 1866-08-00 1980-10-00
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        EX_GeographicBoundingBox

        Count Component West East North South
        1 -147 118.11 60.4 -30.47
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        EX_TemporalExtent

        Count Component Start End
        1 1866-08-00 1980-10-00
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        MD_Format

        Count Component Name Version specification
        1 TIFF
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        MD_Medium

        Count Component Name mediumFormat mediumNote
        1 iso9660
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        MD_Constraints

        Count Component Use Limitation
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        MD_ReferenceSystem

        none found
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        MD_GridSpatialRepresentation

        none found
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        MD_Georeferenceable or MI_Georeferenceable

        none found
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        MD_Georectified or MI_Georectified

        none found
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        MD_Dimension

        none found
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        MD_CoverageDescription or MI_CoverageDescription

        none found
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        MD_Band or MI_Band

        none found
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        MI_RangeElementDescription

        none found
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        MD_AggregateInformation

        none found
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        LE_Source or LI_Source

        none found
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        LE_ProcessStep or LI_ProcessStep

        Count Component DateTime Description
        1 2015-04-22T00:00:00 NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
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        MI_Operation

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        MI_Platform

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        MI_Instrument

        none found
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