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Metadata Identifier: gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos:G01198

Aggregation Info | Bands | Citations | Constraints | Coverage Descriptions | Dimensions | Extents | Formats | Geographic Bounding Box
Georectified Information | Georeferenceable Information | Identifiers | Instruments | Mediums | OnlineResources | Operations
Platforms | Process Steps | Range Elements | Reference Systems | Responsible Parties | Series | Sources | Spatial Grids | Temporal Extents

MD_DataIdentification

Count Component Title Abstract
1 Earthquake Damage to Schools This set of slides graphically illustrates the potential danger that major earthquakes pose to school structures and to the children and adults who happen to be inside at the time of the earthquake. It includes pictures from 1886 to 1988. The set includes nine destructive earthquakes that occurred in the U.S. and eight earthquakes that occurred in foreign countries. These unusual slides show earthquake damage to school s and university buildings around the world. They graphically illustrate the potential danger to our schools, and to the welfare of our children, that results from major earthquakes. The slides range from Algeria, where a collapsed school roof is held up only by students' desks; to Anchorage, Alaska, where an elementary school structure has split in half; to California and other areas, where school buildings have sustained damage to walls, roofs, and chimneys. Interestingly, all the United States earthquakes depicted in this set of slides occurred either on a holiday or before or after school hours, except the 1935 tremor in Helena, Montana, which occurred at 11:35 a.m. It undoubtedly would have caused casualties had the schools not been closed days earlier by Helena city officials because of a damaging foreshock. Students in Algeria, the People's Republic of China, Armenia, and other stricken countries were not so fortunate. This set of slides represents 17 destructive earthquakes that occurred in 9 countries, and covers more than a century--from 1886 to 1988. Two of the tremors, both of which occurred in the United States, were magnitude 8+ on the Richter Scale, and four were magnitude 7-7.9. The events represented by the slides (see table below) claimed more than a quarter of a million lives. List Of Earthquakes represented in the slide set are: Algeria: El Asnam, Armenian SSR: Spitak, Australia: Cadoux, Ecuador: Esmeraldas, Mexico: Veracruz, People's Republic of China: Tangshan, Peru: Lima, Turkey: Lice, USA: Alaska: Anchorage, California: San Francisco, Long Beach, Kern County, Coalinga, Montana: Hebgen Lake, Helena, South Carolina: CharlestonIn the following descriptions of earthquakes the location is only approximate. The damage is in millions of U.S. dollars.
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SV_Identification

none found
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CI_Citation

Count Component Title Date Citation Identifier
1 Earthquake Damage to Schools
  • 1994
Document
1 INFOTERRA Keyword Thesaurus
    1 NASA/GCMD Data Center Keywords
      1 NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
        1 NASA/GCMD Location Keywords
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          CI_Series

          none found
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          CI_ResponsibleParty

          Count Component Individual Organization Position Email Role Linkage
          1 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (comp) originator
          1 Heather McCullough DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_RoleCode
          1 Heather McCullough DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov pointOfContact
          1 Heather McCullough DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov custodian
          1 National Geophysical Data Center publisher
          1 User Services DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce ngdc.info@noaa.gov distributor
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          CI_OnlineResource

          Count Component Linkage Name Description Function
          1 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/
          1 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazardimages/
          1 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?eq_1=5&t=101634&s=0&d=4&d=44
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          MD_Identifier or RS_Identifier

          Count Component Code
          1 Document
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          EX_Extent

          Bounding Box Temporal Extent
          Count Component Description West East North South Start End
          1 -147 118.11 60.4 -30.47 1866-08-00 1980-10-00
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          EX_GeographicBoundingBox

          Count Component West East North South
          1 -147 118.11 60.4 -30.47
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          EX_TemporalExtent

          Count Component Start End
          1 1866-08-00 1980-10-00
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          MD_Format

          Count Component Name Version specification
          1 TIFF
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          MD_Medium

          Count Component Name mediumFormat mediumNote
          1 iso9660
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          MD_Constraints

          Count Component Use Limitation
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          MD_ReferenceSystem

          none found
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          MD_GridSpatialRepresentation

          none found
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          MD_Georeferenceable or MI_Georeferenceable

          none found
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          MD_Georectified or MI_Georectified

          none found
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          MD_Dimension

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          MD_CoverageDescription or MI_CoverageDescription

          none found
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          MD_Band or MI_Band

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          MI_RangeElementDescription

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          MD_AggregateInformation

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          LE_Source or LI_Source

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          LE_ProcessStep or LI_ProcessStep

          none found
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          MI_Operation

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          MI_Platform

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          MI_Instrument

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