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Earthquakes in Southern California
 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos:G01201
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        individualName:  Heather McCullough
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  (303) 497-3707
                facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC3 325 Broadway
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305-3328
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov
            hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
            contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
        role:  (CI_RoleCode)http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_RoleCode
    dateStamp:  2011-04-06
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Earthquakes in Southern California
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  1994
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            edition:  First
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Document
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (comp)
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  National Geophysical Data Center
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            presentationForm:
        abstract:  There have been many earthquake occurrences in Southern California. This set of slides shows earthquake damage from the following events: Imperial Valley, 1979, Westmorland, 1981, Palm Springs, 1986; and Whittier, 1987. These events were all earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.9 or higher with damage estimates of one million dollars or more. Imperial Valley Earthquake of October 15, 1979. Epicenter 32.6 N, 115.3 W; depth: 7 km; magnitude 6.8; damage: $30 million; no deaths. The earthquake was felt over approx. 128,000 sq km. The worst damage occurred in southern Imperial County and northeastern Baja California where eleven businesses and two homes were destroyed. Four hundred forty businesses and 1565 homes were damaged. Although there were no deaths, ninety-one people were reported injured mainly by flying glass or by falling objects. The greatest single structural loss was to the Imperial County Services Building in El Centro. Non-structural damage included damage to bridge abutments that were cracked and roadbeds that shifted due to slumping or faulting. The agriculture industry incurred damage to canals and irrigation ditches, damage to subsurface drain tiles which were disturbed by the movement along the Imperial Fault. The worst damage incurred by the agriculture industry wasto the All-American Canal which brings Colorado River water into the Imperial Valley. Ground shaking caused the collapse of levees on both sides of the canal along a 13-km stretch of the canal east of Calexico. Extensive lateral slope failure occurred along this and other canals. In some places canal banks settled by more than 1 m. Westmorland Earthquake of April 26, 1981. Epicenter 33.1 N, 115.6 W; depth: 4 km; magnitude 6.3 ML(B); damage: $1-3 million; no deaths. Twelve buildings in Westmorland were severely damaged, ten beyond repair, and an additional 30 sustained minor damage. Seventy percent of the town's 900 homes (many of which were built of adobe and brick) were damaged, and five homes were condemned. Six mobile homes were knocked off their foundations and nine homes sustained minor damage to foundations, porches, and walls. Electrical service was interrupted for onehour and the water supply was interrupted for 10 hours. The sewage plant sustained an estimated $40,000 damage. Total damage was estimated at $1.5 million. Subsidence was reported on several rural roads in the area. Liquefaction caused scores of "mudpots," and oozing soil in nearby fields. One country road west of Westmorland collapsed, producing a 2-footdrop-off. In rural areas $100,000 in damages was incurred when unreinforced, concrete-lined irrigation canals were broken. Palm Springs Earthquake of July 8, 1986. Epicenter 34.0 N, 116.6 W; depth: 10 km; magitude 6.0; damage: $4.5 million; no deaths. At least 29 people were injured and some damage occurred in the Palm Springs-Morongo Valley area. Landslides ccurred in the area. The quake caused serious damage at the Devers substation of Southern California Edison Company. Some residences in the Whitewater Canyon area were badly damaged. Damage from this quake was approximately $4.5 million. Minor damage occurred at Angelus Oaks, Desert Hot Springs, North Palm Springs, Palm Desert, Palm Springs, and Yucca Valley. The quake was felt throughout much of southern California and in Las Vegas, Nevada, Lake Havasu City, Arizona and in the northern Baja California area of the United States and Mexico. Whittier Narrows Earthquake of October 1, 1987. Epicenter 34.0 N, 118.1 W; depth: 11 km; magnitude 5.9; damage: $358 million; 8 deaths. At 7:42 A. M (Pacific Daylight Time), on October 1, 1987, a fault located about 11 km below the surface and 20 km east of downtown Los Angeles, California, began to rupture. The fault was an extension of the previously identified Whittier fault. The resulting earthquake caused about $358 million in property damage and the loss of 8 lives. Severe damage was confined mainly to communities east of Los Angeles and near the epicenter. No severe structural damage to high-rise structures in downtown Los Angeles was reported. Non-structural damage did occur, however. In Whittier the most severe damage occurred in the "Uptown" business district. Similar damage was observed in the old downtown section of Alhambra and in the "Old Town" section of Pasadena. These areas had high concentrations of unreinforced masonry buildings. Residences which sustained damage usually were constructed of masonry, were not fully anchored to foundations, or were houses built over garages with large door openings. Many chimneys collapsed and in some cases, fell through roofs. Wood frame residences sustained relatively little damage. Damage often occurred around large windows. Light fixtures and suspended ceilings fell in many buildings within a 10-km radius of the epicenter. A student at California State University, Los Angeles was killed when the connectors for a precast concrete fascia panel failed and the panel fell two stories crushing her. Damage was incurred on a bridge at the interchange of I-605 and I-5, where the columns in the center were severely damaged.
        purpose:  Make available Damage Photos for research and education
        credit:  Patricia Lockridge
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Heather McCullough
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-3707
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC3 325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
                contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) notPlanned
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/icons/small_res/8/8_166.jpg
            fileDescription:  Epicenter: 32.6 deg N; 115.3 deg W. Magnitude 6.8. Damage: $30 million. The earthquake was felt over approximately 128,000 km2. The worst damage occurred in southern Imperial County and northeastern Baja California where eleven businesses and two homes were destroyed. 440 businesses and 1565 homes were damaged. Although there were no deaths, 91 people were reported injured, mainly by flying glass or by falling objects.A fault trace crosses a cultivated field near El Centro. The surface rupture on the Imperial Fault extended from about 2.5 miles (4 km) north of the International Border to about 2.5 miles south of Brawley. Maximum lateral displacement was about 22 inches (55 cm) in Heer Dunes and the maximum vertical displacement was 7.5 inches (19 cm) southeast of Brawley.
            fileType:  JPEG
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > Seismology > Earthquake Occurrences
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > Tectonics > Faults
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Disasters > Catastrophic phenomena > Earthquakes
            keyword:  Lithosphere > Faults > Faults
            keyword:  Lithosphere > Seismic activity > Seismic activity
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  INFOTERRA Keyword Thesaurus
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  WDC/MGG, BOULDER > World Data Center for Marine Geology and Geophysics, Boulder
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Data Center Keywords
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  North and Central America > United States > California
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
                date:
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Access Constraints: None Use Constraints: None Distribution Liability: While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) geoscientificInformation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -118.02
                eastBoundLongitude:  -115.3
                southBoundLatitude:  32.5
                northBoundLatitude:  33.59
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:  Publication Date
                    beginPosition:  1979-10-15
                    endPosition:  1987-10-31
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    contentInfo:
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  TIFF
            version:
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  TIFF
            version:
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  User Services
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (303) 497-6826
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC 325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ngdc.info@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  $25.00 plus handling and shipping outside the USA
                orderingInstructions:  Non-Digital Form: 35 mm slides; Earthquakes in Southern California Ordering Instructions: Product may be ordered via: http://ols.nndc.noaa.gov/plolstore/plsql/olstore.prodspecific?prodnum=G01201-SLI-A0001 Custom Order Process: Contact Data Center
                turnaround:  4 Days
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  None
                orderingInstructions:  Ordering Instructions: Product may be downloaded from:http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?eq_1=8&t=101634&s=0&d=4&d=44 Custom Order Process: Contact Data Center
                turnaround:  None
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  $145/$195 plus handling and shipping outside the USA
                orderingInstructions:  Ordering Instructions: Product may be ordered via the online store http://ols.nndc.noaa.gov/plolstore/plsql/olstore.prodspecific?prodnum=G01268-CDR-A0001 Custom Order Process: Contact Data Center
                turnaround:  4 days
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            transferSize:
              Real:  24738
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?eq_1=8&t=101634&s=0&d=4&d=44
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/fliers/se-0801.shtml
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?eq_1=8&t=101634&s=0&d=4&d=44
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazardimages/
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            offLine:  (MD_Medium)
                name:  (MD_MediumNameCode) cdRom
                mediumFormat:  (MD_MediumFormatCode) iso9660
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata standard version FGDC-STD-012-2002 using the June 2011 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 transform. The Spatial Reference Information is not currently mapped over to ISO but will be mapped in future versions.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Heather McCullough
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-3707
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC3 325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
                contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian