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Metadata Identifier: gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos:G01384

Aggregation Info | Bands | Citations | Constraints | Coverage Descriptions | Dimensions | Extents | Formats | Geographic Bounding Box
Georectified Information | Georeferenceable Information | Identifiers | Instruments | Mediums | OnlineResources | Operations
Platforms | Process Steps | Range Elements | Reference Systems | Responsible Parties | Series | Sources | Spatial Grids | Temporal Extents

MD_DataIdentification

Count Component Title Abstract
1 Papua New Guinea Tsunami, July 17, 1998 On the evening of Friday July 17, 1998, a magnitude Ms 7.1 earthquake occurred near the northwest coast Papua New Guinea 850 km (510 miles ) northwest of Port Moresby, the capitol of Papua New Guinea (PNG). The earthquake, which occurred at 6:49 PM local time, was followed by a series of three catastrophic tsunami waves that devastated the villages of Sissano, Warupu, Arop and Malol on the north coast of PNG killing at least 2,182, injuring 1,000, and displacing more than 10,000. The villages of Arop and Warupu were entirely destroyed. Aitape and Malol were demolished or damaged. Survivorswere reportedly lifted off their feet, tossed around, and stripped of their clothes. Some victims were found impaled on mangrove stumps, andothers received deep cuts from metal debris. Several lessons were immediately obvious from this tsunami: Ground shaking and loud sounds from the sea provided tsunami warnings that were largely unheeded by area inhabitants unfamiliar with tsunamis. Spits between lagoon areas and the sea are particularly prone to damage from tsunamis and should be avoided in rebuilding after the tsunamis. Trees and mangroves apparently exacerbated rather than reduced the impact of the waves with the exception of coconut palms. Tsunami energy is not dissipated by lagoons. The most likely cause of the tsunami is a sediment slump 25 km offshore caused by the earthquake. This event is the largest known tsunami ever to have occurred in the area although the tsunami/earthquake history dates only from 1900.
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SV_Identification

none found
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CI_Citation

Count Component Title Date Citation Identifier
1 INFOTERRA Keyword Thesaurus
    1 GCMD Data Center Keywords NASA/GCMD Data Center Keywords
      2015-03-01
      1995-04-24
    1 NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
      1 NASA/GCMD Location Keywords
        1 GCMD Project Keywords NASA/GCMD Project Keywords
          2015-03-01
          1995-04-24
        1 Papua New Guinea Tsunami, July 17, 1998
          1999
        Document
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        CI_Series

        none found
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        CI_ResponsibleParty

        Count Component Individual Organization Position Email Role Linkage
        2 GCMD Valids http://gcmd.nasa.gov/learn/keyword_list.html
        1 Anna Milan Anna Milan DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Metadata Specialist Anna.Milan@noaa.gov pointOfContact
        1 NCEI (publisher) DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce publisher
        1 NCEI User Services (distributor) DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce User Services ngdc.info@noaa.gov distributor
        3 Hazards Data Manager (pointOfContact) DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Hazards Data Manager haz.info@noaa.gov pointOfContact
        1 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (comp) originator
        1 Heather McCullough DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov processor
        2 GCMD User Support Office NASA GCMD User Support Office gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov publisher http://gcmd.nasa.gov/MailComments/MailComments.jsf?rcpt=gcmduso
        1 National Geophysical Data Center publisher
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        CI_OnlineResource

        Count Component Linkage Name Description Function
        2 http://gcmd.nasa.gov/MailComments/MailComments.jsf?rcpt=gcmduso GCMD Feedback Form Have a Comment for the GCMD? information
        2 http://gcmd.nasa.gov/learn/keyword_list.html GCMD's Science Keywords and Associated Directory Keywords This page describes the NASA GCMD Keywords, how to reference those keywords and provides download instructions. information
        1 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/
        1 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazardimages/
        2 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?eq_1=42&t=101634&s=0&d=4&d=44
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        MD_Identifier or RS_Identifier

        Count Component Code
        1 Document
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        EX_Extent

        Bounding Box Temporal Extent
        Count Component Description West East North South Start End
        1 141.9 141.9 -2.9 -2.9 1998-07-17 1998-07-17
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        EX_GeographicBoundingBox

        Count Component West East North South
        1 141.9 141.9 -2.9 -2.9
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        EX_TemporalExtent

        Count Component Start End
        1 1998-07-17 1998-07-17
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        MD_Format

        Count Component Name Version specification
        2 TIFF
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        MD_Medium

        Count Component Name mediumFormat mediumNote
        1 cdRom iso9660
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        MD_Constraints

        Count Component Use Limitation
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        MD_ReferenceSystem

        none found
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        MD_GridSpatialRepresentation

        none found
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        MD_Georeferenceable or MI_Georeferenceable

        none found
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        MD_Georectified or MI_Georectified

        none found
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        MD_Dimension

        none found
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        MD_CoverageDescription or MI_CoverageDescription

        none found
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        MD_Band or MI_Band

        none found
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        MI_RangeElementDescription

        none found
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        MD_AggregateInformation

        none found
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        LE_Source or LI_Source

        none found
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        LE_ProcessStep or LI_ProcessStep

        Count Component DateTime Description
        1 Slide set is out of print and is no longer available as a slide set. Updated Distribution to show this.
        1 2015-04-22T00:00:00 NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
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        MI_Operation

        none found
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        MI_Platform

        none found
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        MI_Instrument

        none found
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