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Metadata Identifier: gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos:G01384

Aggregation Info | Bands | Citations | Constraints | Coverage Descriptions | Dimensions | Extents | Formats | Geographic Bounding Box
Georectified Information | Georeferenceable Information | Identifiers | Instruments | Mediums | OnlineResources | Operations
Platforms | Process Steps | Range Elements | Reference Systems | Responsible Parties | Series | Sources | Spatial Grids | Temporal Extents

MD_DataIdentification

Count Component Title Abstract
1 Papua New Guinea Tsunami, July 17, 1998 On the evening of Friday July 17, 1998, a magnitude Ms 7.1 earthquake occurred near the northwest coast Papua New Guinea 850 km (510 miles ) northwest of Port Moresby, the capitol of Papua New Guinea (PNG). The earthquake, which occurred at 6:49 PM local time, was followed by a series of three catastrophic tsunami waves that devastated the villages of Sissano, Warupu, Arop and Malol on the north coast of PNG killing at least 2,182, injuring 1,000, and displacing more than 10,000. The villages of Arop and Warupu were entirely destroyed. Aitape and Malol were demolished or damaged. Survivorswere reportedly lifted off their feet, tossed around, and stripped of their clothes. Some victims were found impaled on mangrove stumps, andothers received deep cuts from metal debris. Several lessons were immediately obvious from this tsunami: Ground shaking and loud sounds from the sea provided tsunami warnings that were largely unheeded by area inhabitants unfamiliar with tsunamis. Spits between lagoon areas and the sea are particularly prone to damage from tsunamis and should be avoided in rebuilding after the tsunamis. Trees and mangroves apparently exacerbated rather than reduced the impact of the waves with the exception of coconut palms. Tsunami energy is not dissipated by lagoons. The most likely cause of the tsunami is a sediment slump 25 km offshore caused by the earthquake. This event is the largest known tsunami ever to have occurred in the area although the tsunami/earthquake history dates only from 1900.
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SV_Identification

none found
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CI_Citation

Count Component Title Date Citation Identifier
1 INFOTERRA Keyword Thesaurus
    1 NASA/GCMD Data Center Keywords
      1 NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
        1 NASA/GCMD Location Keywords
          1 Papua New Guinea Tsunami, July 17, 1998
          • 1999
          Document
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          CI_Series

          none found
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          CI_ResponsibleParty

          Count Component Individual Organization Position Email Role Linkage
          1 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (comp) originator
          1 Heather McCullough DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov http://www.isotc211.org/2005/resources/Codelist/gmxCodelists.xml#CI_RoleCode
          1 Heather McCullough DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov pointOfContact
          1 Heather McCullough DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov processor
          1 Heather McCullough DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Heather.McCullough@noaa.gov custodian
          1 National Geophysical Data Center publisher
          1 User Services DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce ngdc.info@noaa.gov distributor
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          CI_OnlineResource

          Count Component Linkage Name Description Function
          1 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/
          1 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazardimages/
          2 http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?eq_1=42&t=101634&s=0&d=4&d=44
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          MD_Identifier or RS_Identifier

          Count Component Code
          1 Document
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          EX_Extent

          Bounding Box Temporal Extent
          Count Component Description West East North South Start End
          1 141.9 141.9 -2.9 -2.9 1998-07-17 1998-07-17
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          EX_GeographicBoundingBox

          Count Component West East North South
          1 141.9 141.9 -2.9 -2.9
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          EX_TemporalExtent

          Count Component Start End
          1 1998-07-17 1998-07-17
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          MD_Format

          Count Component Name Version specification
          2 TIFF
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          MD_Medium

          Count Component Name mediumFormat mediumNote
          1 cdRom iso9660
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          MD_Constraints

          Count Component Use Limitation
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          MD_ReferenceSystem

          none found
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          MD_GridSpatialRepresentation

          none found
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          MD_Georeferenceable or MI_Georeferenceable

          none found
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          MD_Georectified or MI_Georectified

          none found
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          MD_Dimension

          none found
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          MD_CoverageDescription or MI_CoverageDescription

          none found
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          MD_Band or MI_Band

          none found
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          MI_RangeElementDescription

          none found
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          MD_AggregateInformation

          none found
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          LE_Source or LI_Source

          none found
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          LE_ProcessStep or LI_ProcessStep

          Count Component DateTime Description
          1 Slide set is out of print and is no longer available as a slide set. Updated Distribution to show this.
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          MI_Operation

          none found
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          MI_Platform

          none found
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          MI_Instrument

          none found
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