National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), NOAA Satellite and Information Service

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NOAA/WDS Global Historical Tsunami Database at NGDC, 2100 BC to present

browse graphicMaps showing tsunami events and tsunami runups and locations.
The Global Historical Tsunami Database provides information on over 2,400 tsunamis from 2100 BC to the present in the the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans; and the Mediterranean and Caribbean Seas. The database includes two related files. The first file includes information on the tsunami source such as the date, time, and location of the source event; cause and validity of the source, tsunami magnitude and intensity; maximum water height; the total number of fatalities, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged; and total damage estimate (in U.S. dollars). The second related file contains information on the runups (the locations where tsunami waves were observed by eyewitnesses, reconnaissance surveys, tide gauges, and deep-ocean sensors) such as name, location, arrival time, maximum water height and inundation distance, and socio-economic data (deaths, injuries, damage) for the specific runup location.

Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7 [access date]

Dataset Information
Search and Download
  • NGDC Tsunami Event Database (search)
    Provides information on the tsunami source including date, time, event location, magnitude of the phenomenon, maximum wave height, and socio-economic information such as the total number of fatalities and dollar damage estimates if available. If the tsunami source was an earthquake or volcanic eruption, it is flagged and linked to the related database.
  • NGDC Tsunami Runup Database (search)
    Provides information on locations where tsunami waves were observed by eyewitnesses, post-tsunami field surveys, tide gauges, or deep ocean sensors. Includes the maximum wave height, inundation distance, and number of fatalities or dollar damage estimates at the specific location if available.
  • Natural Hazards Map Viewer (search)
    Tsunami source and runup locations, significant earthquake epicenters, significant volcanic eruption locations.
  • Google Earth KML (download)
    Tsunami source and runup locations, significant earthquake epicenters, significant volcanic eruption locations.
Distribution Formats
  • ASCII
  • ArcGIS
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Point of Contact Paula Dunbar
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
(303) 497-6084
Paula.Dunbar@noaa.gov
haz.info@noaa.gov
General Documentation
Originator
  • National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS)
Publisher
  • National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA
Date(s)
  • publication: 1974-01-01
Data Presentation Form: mapDigital
Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status On Going
Data Update Frequency: As needed
Purpose: These data are necessary for tsunami hazard assessments, mitigation efforts, and warning guidance.
Use Limitations
  • Please cite the originator of the data set, the date downloaded, and the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, as the source of the data.
Time Period: -2000-00-00  to  Present
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
N: 71
S: -63
E: 180
W: -180
Spatial Coverage Map:
Themes
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Waves > Tsunamis
  • Disasters > Catastrophic Phenomena > Tsunami
  • WDS, BOULDER > World Data Service for Geophysics, Boulder
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Places
  • Global
Use Constraints
  • While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Access Constraints
  • Access to this dataset is unrestricted.
Other Constraints Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7 [access date]
Fees
  • Free online
Lineage Statement Lineage statement not available.

Metadata Last Modified: 2014-04-01

For questions about the information on this page, please email: Paula.Dunbar@noaa.gov
haz.info@noaa.gov