Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database, 4360 BC to presentView Metadata As: Get Data, FAQ, HTML, 19139 XML
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Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database, 4360 BC to present
doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH
browse graphicThe Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database is a global listing of over 600 eruptions from 4360 BC to the present. A significant eruption is classified as one that meets at least one of the following criteria: caused fatalities, caused moderate damage (approximately $1 million or more), Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6 or greater, generated a tsunami, or was associated with a significant earthquake. The database provides information on the latitude, longitude, elevation, type of volcano, last known eruption, VEI index, and socio-economic data such as the total number of casualties, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged, and $ dollage damage estimates. References, political geography, and additional comments are also provided for each eruption. If the eruption was associated with a tsunami or significant earthquake, it is flagged and linked to the related database. For a complete list of current and past activity for all volcanoes on the planet active during the last 10,000 years, please see Smithsonian Institution’s Global Volcanism Program (GVP).

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Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database
The database contains information on the latitude, longitude, elevation, type of volcano, last known eruption, VEI index, and socio-economic data such as the total number of casualties, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged, and $ dollage damage estimates, if available. If the eruption was associated with a tsunami or significant earthquake, it is flagged and linked to the related database.
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Tsunami source and runup locations, significant earthquake epicenters, significant volcanic eruption locations.
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Tsunami source and runup locations, significant earthquake epicenters, significant volcanic eruption locations.
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Citation Recommendation: Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH [access date]

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While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.