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2002 Upper Texas Coast Lidar Point Data, Gulf of Mexico Shoreline in the Northeast 3.75-Minute Quadrant of the Lake Como 7.5-Minute Quadrangle: Post Fay Survey

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    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.csc.maps:2002_Texas_m13
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        individualName:  Mike Sutherland
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  303-497-6120
                facsimile:  303-497-6513
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC1 325 Broadway
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305-3328
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  mike.sutherland@noaa.gov
            hoursOfService:  7:30am-5:00pm Mountain
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
    dateStamp:  2013-05-07
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    spatialRepresentationInfo:  (MD_VectorSpatialRepresentation)
        geometricObjects:  (MD_GeometricObjects)
            geometricObjectType:  (MD_GeometricObjectTypeCode) point
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    referenceSystemInfo:  (MD_ReferenceSystem)
        referenceSystemIdentifier:  (RS_Identifier)
            authority:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  North American Datum 1983
                alternateTitle:  NAD83
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007-01-19
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                    organisationName:
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.epsg-registry.org/export.htm?gml=urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
                            name:  NAD83
                            description:  Link to Geographic Markup Language (GML) description of reference system.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  European Petroleum Survey Group
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.epsg-registry.org/
                            name:  European Petroleum Survey Group Geodetic Parameter Registry
                            description:  Registry that accesses the EPSG Geodetic Parameter Dataset, which is a structured dataset of Coordinate Reference Systems and Coordinate Transformations.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            code:  urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
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    referenceSystemInfo:  (MD_ReferenceSystem)
        referenceSystemIdentifier:  (RS_Identifier)
            code:  Ellipsoid in Meters
            codeSpace:  Local Vertical Reference
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  2002 Upper Texas Coast Lidar Point Data, Gulf of Mexico Shoreline in the Northeast 3.75-Minute Quadrant of the Lake Como 7.5-Minute Quadrangle: Post Fay Survey
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2006-10-17
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  843-740-1200
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        electronicMailAddress:  csc.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  843-740-1200
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        electronicMailAddress:  csc.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) imageDigital
        abstract:  This data set contains elevation data derived from a lidar survey approximately 300m wide of the Gulf of Mexico shoreline in the Northeast Lake Como quarter-quadrangle on Galveston Island Texas. The geographic extent of the data set is equivalent to the quarter-quadrangle plus 30 meters of overedge. The data is created by combining data collected using an Optech Inc. Airborne Laser Terrain Mapper (ALTM) 1225 in combination with geodetic quality Global Positioning System (GPS) airborne and ground-based receivers. The Bureau of Economic Geology, the University of Texas at Austin owns and operates an ALTM 1225 system (serial number 99d118). This system is installed in a single engine Cessna 206 (tail number N4589U) owned and operated by the Texas State Aircraft Pooling Board. The lidar data described by this document was collected on 18 September 2002 (26102) between 20:34 and 00:08 UTC (actual data collection). Conditions on that day were low clouds at 335m Above Ground Level (AGL), haze, and occasional showers. 99d118 instrument settings for this flight were; laser pulse rate: 25kHz, scanner rate: 26Hz, scan angle: +/-20deg, beam divergence: wide, altitude: 300-490m AGL, and ground speed: 70-106kts. Three GPS base stations, 2 Ashtech and 1 Trimble 4000SSI receivers (backup), were operating during the survey. The three base stations were at the following locations: one 3.5km south of San Luis Pass, one at the Scholes International Airport Galveston, and one on the seawall at Rollover Pass. This data set consists of 1687100 records of x,y, and z values. The data set was generated from a larger data set and includes all valid points within the requested geographic bounds.
        purpose:  The data described in this document are being used to create Digital Elevation Models of the Texas Coast. The DEMs are being used to map the position of the shoreline along the Gulf of Mexico coast of Texas for determining rates of shoreline change following Tropical Storm Fay (September 2002).
        credit:  Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin: J. Gibeaut, R. Gutierrez, J. Andrews, T. Hepner, and R. Smyth
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  512-471-1534
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  University Station Box X
                    city:  Austin
                    administrativeArea:  Texas
                    postalCode:  78713
                    country:  United States
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Bathymetry/Topography
            keyword:  lidar
            keyword:  laser
            keyword:  beach
            keyword:  topography
            keyword:  digital elevation model
            keyword:  DEM
            keyword:  erosion
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  None
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Gulf of Mexico
            keyword:  Texas
            keyword:  Galveston Island
            keyword:  Lake Como
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  none
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  2002
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) temporal
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  none
                date:
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  These data depict the elevations at the time of the survey and are only accurate for that time. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. Any conclusions drawn from analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA or any of its partners. These data are NOT to be used for navigational purposes.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useLimitation:  While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
        spatialRepresentationType:  (MD_SpatialRepresentationTypeCode) vector
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) elevation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -95.568694
                eastBoundLongitude:  -93.831419
                southBoundLatitude:  28.797218
                northBoundLatitude:  29.688483
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    timePosition:  2002-09-18
        supplementalInformation:  The ALTM 1225 has the following specifications: operating altitude = 410-2,000 m AGL; laser pulse rate = 25 kHz; laser scan angle = variable from 0 to +/-20deg from nadir; scanning frequency = variable, 28 Hz at the 20deg scan angle; and beam divergence = 0.2 milliradian (half angle, 1/e). The ALTM 1225 does not digitize and record the waveform of the laser reflection, but records the range and backscatter intensity of the first and last laser reflection using a constant-fraction discriminator and two Timing Interval Meters (TIM). ALTM elevation points are computed using three sets of data: laser ranges and their associated scan angles, platform position and orientation information, and calibration data and mounting parameters (Wehr and Lohr, 1999). Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers in the aircraft and on the ground provide platform positioning. The GPS receivers record pseudo-range and phase information for post-processing. Platform orientation information comes from an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) containing three orthogonal accelerometers and gyroscopes. An aided-Inertial Navigation System (INS) solution for the aircraft's attitude is estimated from the IMU output and the GPS information. Wehr, A. and U. Lohr, 1999, Airborne laser scanning - an introduction and overview, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, vol. 54, no.2-3, pp.68-82.
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  LAZ
            version:
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  843-740-1200
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        electronicMailAddress:  csc.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                orderingInstructions:  The National Geophysical Data Center serves as the archive for this LIDAR data. NGDC should only be contacted for this data if it cannot be obtained from NOAA Coastal Services Center.
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Mike Sutherland
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  303-497-6120
                        facsimile:  303-497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC1 325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  mike.sutherland@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30am-5:00pm Mountain
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                orderingInstructions:  The National Geophysical Data Center serves as the archive for this LIDAR dataset. NGDC should only be contacted for the data if it cannot be obtained from NOAA Coastal Services Center.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Selected portions from each lidar data set (last return only) were used to generate a 1m x 1m digital elevation model (DEM). Data estimated to have a horizontal accuracy of 0.01-0.03m from ground surveys using kinematic GPS techniques were superimposed on the lidar DEM and examined for any mismatch between the horizontal position of the ground GPS and the corresponding feature on the lidar DEM. Horizontal agreement between the ground kinematic GPS and the lidar was within the resolution of the 1m x 1m DEM.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Ground GPS surveys were conducted within the lidar survey area to acquire ground "truth" information. The ground survey points are estimated to have a vertical accuracy of 0.01-0.05m. Roads, which are open areas with an unambiguous surface, were surveyed using kinematic GPS techniques. A lidar data set was sorted to find data points that fell within 0.5m of a ground GPS survey point. The mean elevation difference between the lidar and the ground GPS was used to estimate and remove an elevation bias from the lidar. The standard deviation of these elevation differences provides estimates of the lidar precision. The 2002 lidar data set was determined to have an elevation bias of 0.06m when compared to ground truth. The 0.06m bias was removed so that mean lidar elevations conform to NAVD88 with an RMSE of 0.103m.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Data were edited to remove outliers with ranges above of 2200m and below 100m.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_ConceptualConsistency)
            measureDescription:  Not applicable
            result:
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Transfer raw ALTM 1225 flight data, airborne GPS data collected at 1 Hz using Ashtech receiver, and ground-based GPS data collected at 1 Hz using Ashtech and Trimble 4000SSI receivers to NT workstation. Generate decimated lidar point file from above three data sets using Optech's Realm 2.27 software. This is a 9-column ASCII data set with the following format: time tag; first pulse Easting, Northing, HAE; last pulse Easting, Northing, HAE; first pulse intensity; and last pulse intensity. View decimated lidar point file to check data coverage (i.e. sufficient overlap of flight lines and point spacing). Compute base station coordinates using National Geodetic Survey's PAGES software. Computed aircraft trajectories for both base stations using National Geodetic Survey's KINPOS software. Coordinates for base stations and trajectories are in the International Terrestrial Reference Frame of 2000 (ITRF2000) datum. Trajectories from both base stations were merged into one. Weighting for trajectory merge is based upon baseline length (distance from base station) and solution RMS. Transformed trajectory solution from ITRF2000 to North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83). Use NAD83 trajectories and aircraft inertial measurement unit data in Applanix's POSProc version 2.1.4 to compute an optimal 50Hz inertial navigation solution. Substitute the aircraft position and attitude information from the inertial navigation solution into Realm 2.27. Extract calibration area data set from lidar point file for quality control and instrument calibration checks. If necessary, use multiple iterations to adjust calibration parameters (pitch, roll, and scale) and reprocess sample data set. Then generate entire lidar point file (9-column ASCII file). Transfer point file from NT workstation to UNIX workstation. Parse the 9-column lidar point file into 3.75-minute quarter-quadrangle components and apply elevation bias correction (determined during calibration step). There are some points in the file that only contain 5-columns. These are points that either the first or last pulse was not recorded. Processing done over 20020918-20030211.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2003-02-11T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Roberto Guiterrez and John Andrews
                    organisationName:  Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin
                    positionName:  Research Associate and Research Scientist Associate
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  Roberto: 512-471-0342 John: 512-471-4951
                            facsimile:  512-471-0140
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  University Station Box X
                            city:  Austin
                            administrativeArea:  Texas
                            postalCode:  78713
                            country:  United States
                            electronicMailAddress:  Roberto: oskar@mail.utexas.edu John: john.andrews@beg.utexas.edu
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The 9-column post-processed data from University of Texas were provided in UTM projection (Zone 15) referenced to NAD83 with vertical elevations in meters referenced to the Geodetic Reference System 80 (GRS80) ellipsoid. The xyz values for the last return were extracted from the 9-column file. The data were converted to geographic coordinates using General Cartographic Transformation Program software developed by the United States Geological Survey. A vertical datum transformation was performed to convert vertical elevations referenced to GRS80 ellipsoid to NAVD88 using National Geodetic Survey (NGS) GEOID99 grids. The data were then converted to a binary format and loaded into the LIDAR Data Retrieval Tool (LDART) database.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2003-02-24T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  843-740-1200
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                            city:  Charleston
                            administrativeArea:  SC
                            postalCode:  29405-2413
                            electronicMailAddress:  csc.info@noaa.gov
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) received lidar data files via ftp transfer from the NOAA Coastal Services Center. The data are currently being served via NOAA CSC Digital Coast at http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/. The data can be used to re-populate the system. The data are archived in LAS or LAZ format. The LAS format is an industry standard for LiDAR data developed by the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS); LAZ is a loseless compressed version of LAS developed by Martin Isenburg (http://www.laszip.org/). The data are exclusively in geographic coordinates (either NAD83 or ITRF94). The data are referenced vertically to the ellipsoid (either GRS80 or ITRF94), allowing for the ability to apply the most up to date geoid model when transforming to orthometric heights.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2006-01-03T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Pamela Grothe
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source Contribution: Raw lidar data files. Raw lidar data from ALTM 1225 Source Type: digital file
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Raw lidar data output from ALTM 1225
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2002-09-18
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimeInstant:
                            timePosition:  2002-09-18
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source Contribution: GPS data. Air and ground GPS files Source Type: digital file
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Air and Ground GPS files from 26102
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2002-09-18
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimeInstant:
                            timePosition:  2002-09-18
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        dateOfNextUpdate:  2014-05-07
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata standard (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using the 2013-01-04 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 for LiDAR transform.
        maintenanceNote:  Translated from FGDC 2013-05-07T15:16:34.975-06:00
        maintenanceNote:  Last Metadata Review Date: 2011-11-19