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2003 Pearl River County, Mississippi Lidar: Flood Plain Management Project

spatialRepresentationInfo
referenceSystemInfo
referenceSystemInfo
identificationInfo
distributionInfo
dataQualityInfo
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 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.csc.maps:2003_MS_PearlRiver_m64
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        individualName:  Mike Sutherland
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  303-497-6120
                facsimile:  303-497-6513
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC1 325 Broadway
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305-3328
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  mike.sutherland@noaa.gov
            hoursOfService:  7:30am-5:00pm Mountain
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
    dateStamp:  2013-05-07
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    spatialRepresentationInfo:  (MD_VectorSpatialRepresentation)
        geometricObjects:  (MD_GeometricObjects)
            geometricObjectType:  (MD_GeometricObjectTypeCode) point
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    referenceSystemInfo:  (MD_ReferenceSystem)
        referenceSystemIdentifier:  (RS_Identifier)
            authority:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  North American Datum 1983
                alternateTitle:  NAD83
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007-01-19
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.epsg-registry.org/export.htm?gml=urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
                            name:  NAD83
                            description:  Link to Geographic Markup Language (GML) description of reference system.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  European Petroleum Survey Group
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.epsg-registry.org/
                            name:  European Petroleum Survey Group Geodetic Parameter Registry
                            description:  Registry that accesses the EPSG Geodetic Parameter Dataset, which is a structured dataset of Coordinate Reference Systems and Coordinate Transformations.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            code:  urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
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    referenceSystemInfo:  (MD_ReferenceSystem)
        referenceSystemIdentifier:  (RS_Identifier)
            code:  Ellipsoid in Meters
            codeSpace:  Local Vertical Reference
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  2003 Pearl River County, Mississippi Lidar: Flood Plain Management Project
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  843-740-1200
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        electronicMailAddress:  csc.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg District
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  843-740-1200
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        electronicMailAddress:  csc.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) imageDigital
        abstract:  This lidar data was collected primarily for flood plain mapping within Pearl River County, MS. The data were processed into separate Bare Earth and First Surface products. The two were subsequently classified (bare earth and unclassified) and merged to create one data set. The data were collected from 1-8 Feb 2003. One flight was reflown on 30 March 2003.
        purpose:  The data set depicts topology within the project area and is to be used for engineering purposes.
        credit:  County of Pearl River, Mississippi and the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality. MD Atlantic Technologies, Inc. 2227 Drake Av SW Huntsville, Al 35805 Phone 256.882.7788 Fax 256.882.7774 E mail cjjaeger@atlantictech.com Contract No. DACW38-02-D-0002
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Mr. Elijah Hunt
            organisationName:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Vicksburg District
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  601-631-7040
                    facsimile:  601-631-7044
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  Department of the Army Vicksburg District 4155 Clay Street
                    city:  Vicksburg
                    administrativeArea:  MS
                    postalCode:  39183-3435
                    country:  USA
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Bathymetry/Topography
            keyword:  lidar
            keyword:  elevation
            keyword:  digital elevation model
            keyword:  floodplain management
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  None
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  United States
            keyword:  Mississippi
            keyword:  Pearl River County
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  None
                date:
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  These data depict the elevations at the time of the survey and are only accurate for that time. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. Any conclusions drawn from analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA or any of its partners. These data are NOT to be used for navigational purposes.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useLimitation:  While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Lidar QA/QC Report
                date:
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName:  Citation URL
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage:  ftp://ftp.csc.noaa.gov/pub/crs/beachmap/qa_docs/ms/pearl_river/Pearl_River_County_MS_Project%20Report.doc
                            name:  Lidar QA/QC Report
                            description:
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        spatialRepresentationType:  (MD_SpatialRepresentationTypeCode) vector
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) elevation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -089.512658
                eastBoundLongitude:  -089.201145
                southBoundLatitude:  +30.263267
                northBoundLatitude:  +31.010543
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2003-02-01
                    endPosition:  2003-02-08
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  LAZ
            version:
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  843-740-1200
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        electronicMailAddress:  csc.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                orderingInstructions:  The National Geophysical Data Center serves as the archive for this LIDAR data. NGDC should only be contacted for this data if it cannot be obtained from NOAA Coastal Services Center.
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Mike Sutherland
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  303-497-6120
                        facsimile:  303-497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC1 325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  mike.sutherland@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30am-5:00pm Mountain
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                orderingInstructions:  The National Geophysical Data Center serves as the archive for this LIDAR dataset. NGDC should only be contacted for the data if it cannot be obtained from NOAA Coastal Services Center.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Expected horizontal accuracy of elevation products as determined from system studies and other methods is 1/1000th of the flight height, which in the instance of this particular project was 1220m (4002.6 US survey feet) AGL, giving a horizontal tolerance of less than 1.22m (4.0 US survey feet).
            result:
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Tested 0.235 meters consolidated vertical accuracy at ninety-five percent confidence level in open terrain and grassy areas using RMSE (z) x 1.9600.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  N/A
            result:
        report:  (DQ_ConceptualConsistency)
            measureDescription:  N/A
            result:
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Flight Report A Cessna Skymaster 337, N111AT, was mobilized from Huntsville International Airport, Huntsville, AL to Picayune Municipal Airport, Picayune, MS on 30 Jan 2003. This aircraft was outfitted with an Optech ALTM 1210 LIDAR system. Mission planning for the project determined that 103 flight lines would be needed to successfully cover the specified area, including three control lines. These lines would be flown at a 120-knot ground speed, 1250 meters above ground level and would take approximately 37.5 hours to complete. Three GPS base stations supplied and operated by Sea Systems Corporation were used to support precise positioning and orientation of the ALTM's sensor head during the entire duration of flight. The GPS base stations were Trimble 5700 receiver units utilizing Zephyr Geodetic antennas. Each GPS base station was located within the boundary of the project area. The actual local flight times and duration of flights were controlled by fuel consumption of the aircraft, safety of flight operations in the particular airspace and during times when the GPS constellation was most favorable, producing the highest number of satellites visible in the best geometric configuration relative to the GPS receivers onboard the aircraft as well as at the master stations on the ground. A standard of flying with no less than 7 satellites visible and a PDOP (position dilution of precision) of less than 3.0 was adopted. The initial aerial survey was completed over the course of 8 days. Data collection started around 23h30 UTC on Saturday, 01 February 2003. Flightlines completed during this flight were lines one through 12. On 01 February the flight commenced at 02h50 UTC and completed lines thirteen through twenty-nine. The flight on 02 February began around 23h10 UTC and collected lines thirty through thirty-eight. A second flight was then flown beginning around 02h30 UTC on 03 February and completing lines thirty-nine through forty-five. On 04 February the flight commenced around 22h40 UTC and covered lines forty-five through fifty-four. The second flight followed a refueling stop around 02h30 UTC and completed lines fifty-five through sixty-six. The flight on 05 February covering lines 67-69 and 97 through 100 began around 22h10 UTC and ended around 00h30 due to weather. The final day of initial data collection occurred on 08 February. Two flights were flown this day. The initial flight began around 00h46 UTC and covered lines seventy through eighty-eight and line 103. The second flight began around 22h19 UTC and completed lines 67-69, 89-96 and 101 and 102. This completed the initial LIDAR data collection for the project and the ground crews continued in their remaining work in and around the project area. The aircraft and personnel involved during the LIDAR portion of the survey were demobilized on the night of Sunday, 09 Feb 2003. Following a preliminary examination of the collected data it was determined that one flight was required to refly some of the collected lines. A Cessna Skymaster 337, N111AT, was mobilized from Huntsville International Airport, Huntsville, AL to Picayune Municipal Airport, Picayune, MS on 30 Mar 2003. This aircraft was outfitted with an Optech ALTM 1210 LIDAR system. Data collection commenced at approximately 22h35 UTC and constituted reflying lines 5, 9, 86-88, 92 and 103 for various technical reasons. This completed the LIDAR data collection for the project and the ground crews continued in their remaining work in and around the project area. The aircraft and personnel involved during the LIDAR portion of the survey were demobilized on Monday, 31 Mar 2003. A Cessna 210, N732JE, was mobilized from Huntsville International Airport, Huntsville, AL to Picayune Municipal Airport, Picayune, MS on 11 FEB 2003. This aircraft was outfitted with a RC30 Camera and AGFA Pan 80 film. Mission planning for the project determined that 40 flight lines would be needed to successfully cover the specified area at the various flying altitudes. These lines would be flown at 4800 feet above ground level with 80/30 overlap, 9030 feet above ground level with 60/30 overlap, 12000 feet above ground level with 80/30 overlap and would take approximately 18 hours to complete. Three GPS base stations supplied and operated by Sea Systems Corporation were used to support precise positioning and orientation of the photo centers during the entire duration of flight. Each GPS base station was located within the boundary of the project area. The actual local flight times and duration of flights were controlled by fuel consumption of the aircraft, safety of flight operations in the particular airspace and during times when the sun angle was most favorable. The aerial survey was completed over the course of 3 days. Data collection started around 11h19 local on Tuesday, 11 February 2003. Flightlines completed on this day ranged from one to nine at 4800 feet and one through five at 9030 feet. Collection recommenced around 9h47 local on 12 February. Lines completed during this flight were six through 12 at 9030. On 13 February collection began around 09h26 local and lasting through 15h00 local. Lines collected during this flight included ten to eighteen at 9030 and ten through twenty-three at 12000 feet. This completed the photo collection for the project and the ground crews continued in their remaining work in and around the project area. The aircraft and personnel involved during the photo portion of the survey were demobilized during the afternoon of Thursday, 13 February 2003. Upon inspection of the film it was determined that reflights would be necessary. On 23 February 2003 a Cessna 335, N918AA, was mobilized from Huntsville International Airport, Huntsville, AL to Picayune Municipal Airport, Picayune, MS outfitted with a RC30 Camera and AGFA Pan 80 film. Collection took place between 09h34 and 12h31 local. Lines six, eight and nine at 9030 and lines sixteen, seventeen, twenty and twenty-three at 12,000 were reflown. GPS/IMU Data Processing Upon completion of the flight portions of the project the GPS data was post processed for quality and backed up. For redundancy and accuracy purposes, the airborne GPS data were processed from the base stations using GrafNav from Waypoint Consulting, Inc. Results from the LiDAR N111AT JD_032F01 Final Solution. The final solution for this flight is PR43/PR43 FWD/REV. The REV solution from PR15 and the FWD solution from B154 matched fairly well with the final, but are not used in the final due to the long baseline distances. PECK was not processed since an incorrect point was occupied during the flight. This solution is considered good. DLW 10 April 2003 JD_032F01 Final Solution. The final solution for this flight is PR43/PR43 FWD/REV. The FWD solution from both PR15 and B154 matched very well, within a couple of centimeters, with the final, but are not used in the final due to the long baseline distances. The REV solutions from PR 15 and B154 were both off by about 10 cm. PECK was not processed since an incorrect point was occupied during the flight. This solution is considered very good. MWB 2 April 2003 JD_032F02 Final Solution The final solution for this flight is PR43/PR43 FWD/REV. The combined solution from PR15 matched, but adds noise. The FWD solution from B154 matched but is not used in the final due to the long baseline distance. PECK was not processed since an incorrect point was occupied during the flight. This solution is considered very good. MWB 2 April 2003 JD_033F01 Final Solution The final solution for this flight is B154/PR15 CMB/CMB. The solutions from PR43 matched, but added more noise. PECK processed ok and could have been processed to match, but it was not needed as part of the solution. This solution is considered very good. MWB 2 April 2003 JD_033F02 Final Solution The final solution for this flight is B154/PECK/PR15 CMB/CMB/CMB. All solutions from all bases processed very well. PR43 matched, but was not used because of the added noise. This solution is considered very good. MWB 2 April 2003 JD_035F01 Final Solution The final solution for this flight is B154/PR43 REV/CMB. The REV solution from PR19 matched, but added noise. The FWD solutions from B154 and PR19 did not process as well as the REV solutions. PR05 did not process well in either direction, probably because of baseline distance. This solution is considered good. MWB 2 April 2003 JD_035F02 Final Solution The final solution for this flight is B154/PR19/PR43 CMB/CMB/CMB. All solutions from all stations processed very well. PR05 was not used because of baseline distance. This solution is considered very good. MWB 3 April 2003 JD_036F01 Final Solution The final solution for this flight is PR05/PR19/PR43 REV/REV/CMB. All solutions from the three stations processed well. The FWD solutions from PR05 and PR19 could have been used with some work. B154 needed some reprocessing, but was not needed because of baseline distance. This solution is considered good. MWB 3 April 2003 JD_038F01 Final Solution The final solution for this flight is PR05/PR19/PR43 CMB/CMB/CMB. All solutions from all stations processed well. B154 was not needed because of baseline distance. This solution is considered very good. MWB 3 April 2003 JD_039F01 Final Solution The final solution for this flight is PR05/PR19/PR43 REV/CMB/CMB. All solutions from all stations processed well. The FWD from PR05 processed ok, but was rather noisy. B154 was not needed because of baseline distance. This solution is considered very good. MWB 3 April 2003 JD_089F01 Final Solution The final solution for this flight is PR17/PR17 FWD/REV. Station PR43 did not process well. External noise seems to be influencing the data. PR17 processed well during the data collection times of the flight. The data were noisy during the mobilization from the airport to the work site. This may be due to baseline distance. This solution is considered good. MWB 9 April 2003 These trajectories were used in the processing of the inertial data. The inertial data were processed using PosProc from Applanix, Inc. This software produces an SBET ("smooth best estimate of trajectory") using the GPS trajectory from GrafNav and the roll, pitch and heading information recorded by the POS (Position and Orientation System). Results were favorable for all flights and errors are estimated to be less than 5cm. Respectfully Submitted, MD Atlantic Technologies, Inc. Darrick L. Wagg, P.Geo. 15Jun2004 Data Processing Report Data collection of the survey areas resulted in a total of 103 flight lines covering the project area including 3 control lines. The tapes, flight logs, raw air and ground GPS files were then taken to the office for data processing using Realm, a LiDAR processing software package from Optech. Processing began by downloading these files into a Realm database. Although Realm has the capability to perform GPS processing and to utilize real-time inertial data, MD Atlantic utilizes other methods of obtaining this information as Realm only has the capability to produce a single-baseline solution. For redundancy and accuracy purposes, the airborne GPS data were processed from two base stations using GrafNav from Waypoint Consulting, Inc. The agreement between a minimum of two solutions checked or combined between a minimum of two stations was better than 10 cm in each of X, Y, and Z. These trajectories were used in the processing of the inertial data. The inertial data were processed using PosProc from Applanix, Inc. This software produces an SBET ("smooth best estimate of trajectory") using the GPS trajectory from GrafNav and the roll, pitch and heading information recorded by the POS (Position Orientation System). Realm uses the SBET to generate a set of XYZ data points for each laser return. Data can be segregated based on the first- and last-pulse information. First and last pulse files were created during the processing of this dataset. This project's data were processed in strip form, meaning each flight line was processed independently. Processing the lines individually provides the data analyst with the ability to QC the overlap between lines. Raw lidar data are processed within the lidar manufacturer's software to produce XYZI files. These files are output in UTM coordinates with a corresponding Ellipsoid Height value. Output XYZI files from Realm were converted from UTM co-ordinates with GRS80 ellipsoid elevations into State Plane Coordinate System (NAD83) with NGVD29 orthometric heights using the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' Corpscon, version 5.11.08. Corpscon utilizes the Geoid96 model for the ellipsoid to orthometric height conversions. The resultant XYZI files were subsequently imported into a project, on a per pulse basis, using TerraScan (Terrasolid Ltd.) where each line was checked against adjacent lines. This check revealed an issue with the calibration numbers being used for the system. Further investigation led to the understanding that calibration parameters would have to be determined on a line-by-line basis. Though uncommon, this situation is not unheard of with airborne laser terrain mapper systems. Once the calibration parameters for each line were determined and the data recalculated, the data was checked against the control and validation points across the project area. The results of these checks showed a bias in the dataset for all lines, save for 97 and 99, of -1.2 U.S. Survey Feet. It was determined that an adjustment to correct for this bias would be best for the dataset. A subsequent check of the DEM found it fitting the validation and control points well. See LiDAR DEM Quality Control Report for results. The data from each line was then combined and a classification routine performed to determine the rough surface model. This initial surface model was then reduced using MD Atlantic's proprietary methods to create the final bare-earth dataset. A Triangular Irregular Network (TIN) was generated using the final surface data. Contours were then created from the TIN for use in performing a quality control of the surface. The LiDAR data were taken into a stereo environment and melded with photogrammetric data. Breaklines were subsequently compiled along hydro features to support the contour generation. Respectfully Submitted, MD Atlantic Technologies, Inc. Darrick L. Wagg, P.Geo. 03Jun2004 ARC Grids Processing Procedures Processing of the ARC Grids and Tins began by merging dtm models that overlaid the tile boundary. The merged dtm file was then imported into an ARC/Info point coverage that was utilized as an input source during the tin processing. Along with the ARC/Info point coverage, the ARC Generate file of the breaklines was also utilized as an input source during the Tin process. The final input during the Tin process was to use the tile polygon boundary to clip the Tin file. Once the Tin was created, the generation of the 5ft Grids was processed through the ARC/Info TINLATTICE command. The final product is a Grid with 5ft postings, clipped to the tile boundary. The final step to having deliverable Grids was to ensure that the projection was defined for each Grid. The ARC/Info command PROJECTDEFINE was utilized for this process. ARC Shape Files Processing Procedures The first step in the Shapefile process was to import the Microstation DGN files into ARC/Info coverages. Once the files are in an ARC/Info coverage file format, then a Join was performed on the Arc Attribute Table with the ACODE Info file, which is produced during the IGDSARC translation. The next step is to add any new items that are to be converted over to the ARC shapefile DBF. Once all the applicable items are properly calculated, then all unnecessary items are dropped. The ARC coverages are then exported as a shapefile, which will contain only the necessary fields in the tables. Respectfully Submitted, MD Atlantic Technologies, Inc. Jesse Gregg, GIS Technician
                dateTime:
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA Coastal Services Center (CSC) received the files in ASCII xyz format. The files contained Lidar elevation measurements. The data consisted of a bare earth and a first return data set. The two were subsequently classified (bare earth and unclassified) and merged to create one data set. The data was in Mississippi State Plane Projection, Zone 2301 and NGVD29 vertical datum. CSC performed the following processing for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes: 1. The data were converted from Mississippi State Plane coordinates to geographic coordinates. 2. The data were converted from NGVD29 (orthometric) heights to NAVD88 (orthometric) heights. 3. The data were converted from NAVD88 (orthometric) heights to GRS80 Ellipsoid heights using Geoid99. 4. Bare earth data set and first return data set merged. 5. The data were sorted by latitude and the headers were updated.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2008-02-20T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  843-740-1200
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                            city:  Charleston
                            administrativeArea:  SC
                            postalCode:  29405-2413
                            electronicMailAddress:  csc.info@noaa.gov
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) received lidar data files via ftp transfer from the NOAA Coastal Services Center. The data are currently being served via NOAA CSC Digital Coast at http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/. The data can be used to re-populate the system. The data are archived in LAS or LAZ format. The LAS format is an industry standard for LiDAR data developed by the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS); LAZ is a loseless compressed version of LAS developed by Martin Isenburg (http://www.laszip.org/). The data are exclusively in geographic coordinates (either NAD83 or ITRF94). The data are referenced vertically to the ellipsoid (either GRS80 or ITRF94), allowing for the ability to apply the most up to date geoid model when transforming to orthometric heights.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2009-07-20T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Pamela Grothe
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        dateOfNextUpdate:  2014-05-07
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata standard (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using the 2013-01-04 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 for LiDAR transform.
        maintenanceNote:  Translated from FGDC 2013-05-07T15:16:38.948-06:00
        maintenanceNote:  Last Metadata Review Date: 2011-11-19