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Metadata Identifier: gov.noaa.csc.maps:200704_SCRIPPS_m568

Aggregation Info | Bands | Citations | Constraints | Coverage Descriptions | Dimensions | Extents | Formats | Geographic Bounding Box
Georectified Information | Georeferenceable Information | Identifiers | Instruments | Mediums | OnlineResources | Operations
Platforms | Process Steps | Range Elements | Reference Systems | Responsible Parties | Series | Sources | Spatial Grids | Temporal Extents

MD_DataIdentification

Count Component Title Abstract
1 March 2007 Scripps Institute of Oceanography (SIO) Lidar of the Southern California Coastline: Long Beach to the US/Mexico Border This lidar point data set was collected during low tide conditions along an approximately 500-700 meter wide strip of the Southern California coastline within an area extending south from Long Beach to the US/Mexico border. Data were collected in Los Angeles, Orange and San Diego counties from south of the Downtown Long Beach Marina in Long Beach, California to north of Oceanside on March 28, 2007 between 18:54 and 22:01 UTC. Data were collected in Orange and San Diego counties from south of Dana Point to south of the United States-Mexico border near Playas de Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico on March 29, 2007 between 19:08 and 22:00 UTC. Data set features include water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs. The all points data set contains the complete point cloud of first and last return elevation and laser intensity measurements recorded during the spring 2007 airborne lidar survey conducted semi-annually by the University of Texas at Austin for the Southern California Beach Processes Study. The data set was generated by the processing of laser range, scan angle, and aircraft attitude data collected using an Optech Inc. Airborne Laser Terrain Mapper (ALTM) 1225 system and geodetic quality Global Positioning System (GPS) airborne and ground-based receivers. Instrument settings and parameters during survey were: Nominal on-ground beam diameter: 25 cm Pulse rate: 25 kHz Maximum number of returns recorded: 2 Minimum separation between detected returns from a single pulse: 4.3 m Laser wavelength: 1064 nm Frequency of GPS sampling: 1 Hz Frequency of IMU sampling: 50 Hz; Scan angle: +/- 20 degrees Nominal height of instrument above ground: 1100 m Nominal single-swath pulse density: 2 m Nominal aggregate pulse density: 0.75 Nature of vertical control: Kinematic and static GPS points
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SV_Identification

none found
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CI_Citation

Count Component Title Date Citation Identifier
1 ALTM 1225 range files
1 Air and Ground GPS L1, L2, pseudorange and phase files from March 28 & 29, 2007 (Days of Year 87 & 88)
1 GPS Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) at Pinyon Flats, CA
1 March 2007 Scripps Institute of Oceanography (SIO) Lidar of the Southern California Coastline: Long Beach to the US/Mexico Border
  • 2011-03-01
3 None
    1 North American Datum 1983
    • 2007-01-19
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    CI_Series

    none found
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    CI_ResponsibleParty

    Count Component Individual Organization Position Email Role Linkage
    1 resourceProvider http://www.epsg-registry.org/export.htm?gml=urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
    5 Bryan Riel Center for Space Research, the University of Texas at Austin GRA, Aerospace Engineering info@csr.utexas.edu processor
    1 Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin originator
    1 Center for Space Research, University of Texas at Austin originator
    2 Center for Space Research, the University of Texas at Austin originator
    1 NOAA CSC (originator) DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce csc.info@noaa.gov originator
    1 NOAA CSC (publisher) DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce csc.info@noaa.gov publisher
    1 NOAA CSC(distributor) DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce csc.info@noaa.gov distributor
    1 NOAA CSC (processor) DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce csc.info@noaa.gov processor
    1 EPSG Registry European Petroleum Survey Group publisher http://www.epsg-registry.org/
    1 Mike Sutherland(author) Mike Sutherland DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce mike.sutherland@noaa.gov author
    1 Mike Sutherland Mike Sutherland DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce mike.sutherland@noaa.gov distributor
    1 National Geodetic Survey (NGS) originator
    1 Roberto Gutierrez The University of Texas at Austin Center for Space Research Research Associate in Geodesy and Geophysics oskar@mail.utexas.edu pointOfContact
    1 Scripps Institute of Oceanography originator
    1 Southern California Beach Processes Study (SCBPS)/Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) part of Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) in cooperation with the Center for Space Research and the Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin originator
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    CI_OnlineResource

    Count Component Linkage Name Description Function
    1 http://www.epsg-registry.org/ European Petroleum Survey Group Geodetic Parameter Registry Registry that accesses the EPSG Geodetic Parameter Dataset, which is a structured dataset of Coordinate Reference Systems and Coordinate Transformations. search
    1 http://www.epsg-registry.org/export.htm?gml=urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269 NAD83 Link to Geographic Markup Language (GML) description of reference system. information
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    MD_Identifier or RS_Identifier

    Count Component Code
    1 Ellipsoid in Meters
    1 urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
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    EX_Extent

    Bounding Box Temporal Extent
    Count Component Description West East North South Start End
    1 -118.000243 -117.115988 33.659450 32.516415 2007-03-28 2007-03-29
    3 2007-03-28 2007-03-29
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    EX_GeographicBoundingBox

    Count Component West East North South
    1 -118.000243 -117.115988 33.659450 32.516415
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    EX_TemporalExtent

    Count Component Start End
    4 2007-03-28 2007-03-29
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    MD_Format

    Count Component Name Version specification
    1 LAZ
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    MD_Medium

    none found
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    MD_Constraints

    Count Component Use Limitation
    1 Lidar Use Limitation These data depict the elevations at the time of the survey and are only accurate for that time. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. Any conclusions drawn from analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA or any of its partners. These data are NOT to be used for navigational purposes.
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    MD_ReferenceSystem

    Count Component Code Authority Title
    1 Ellipsoid Ellipsoid in Meters
    1 NAD83 urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269 North American Datum 1983
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    MD_GridSpatialRepresentation

    none found
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    MD_Georeferenceable or MI_Georeferenceable

    none found
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    MD_Georectified or MI_Georectified

    none found
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    MD_Dimension

    none found
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    MD_CoverageDescription or MI_CoverageDescription

    none found
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    MD_Band or MI_Band

    none found
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    MI_RangeElementDescription

    none found
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    MD_AggregateInformation

    none found
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    LE_Source or LI_Source

    Count Component Title Date Description
    1 ALTM 1225 range files Source Contribution: Raw lidar range files. Range files are the source data collected by the ALTM 1225 sensor. ALTM 1225 range files used for this survey are grouped by date, day of year, pass, pass location, and time of collection (all times UTC) : Spring 2007 March 28, 2007 (Day of Year = 87), HH:MM in UTC =================================================== 08707 Pass A (Carlsbad State Beach to Long Beach) = 19:01-19:39 08707 Pass B (Long Beach to Oceanside) = 19:44-20:17 08707 Pass C (Oceanside to Long Beach) = 20:21-21:01 08707 Pass D (Long Beach to Oceanside) = 21:05-22:01 March 29, 2007 (Day of Year = 88), HH:MM in UTC =================================================== 08807 Pass A (Oceanside Harbor to La Jolla) = 19:15-19:29 08807 Pass B (La Jolla to Oceanside Harbor) = 19:35-19:50 08807 Pass C (Oceanside Harbor to Point Loma) = 19:53-20:15 08807 Pass D (Coronado (North Island NAS) to Playas de Tijuana) = 20:20-20:28 08807 Pass E (Coronado (North Island NAS) to Playas de Tijuana) = 20:31-20:40 08807 Pass F (Coronado (North Island NAS) to Playas de Tijuana) = 20:45-20:53 08807 Pass G (Point Loma to Del Mar (south city limit)) = 20:58-21:10 08807 Pass H (Del Mar to Dana Point) = 21:12-21:44 08807 Pass I (Dana Point to Oceanside Harbor) = 21:47-22:00 Source Type: digital files
    1 Air and Ground GPS L1, L2, pseudorange and phase files from March 28 & 29, 2007 (Days of Year 87 & 88) Source Contribution: GPS data. Two Ashtech Z-12 GPS receivers placed at precisely located base stations collected GPS data at 1 second intervals throughout the period of airborne lidar data collection. Data collection commenced prior to take off and ceased subsequent to touch down. A third Ashtech Z-12 GPS receiver collected in-flight GPS data at 1 second intervals. Data were downloaded and stored each day after flight completion. File names included standardized references to location and date. These data were used for ALTM range file processing. See process steps for more detailed information. GPS base station locations by survey day: March 28 (day 087), 2007: SANO, SEAL March 29 (day 088), 2007: SANO, LOMA GPS base station attributes: ID: SANO Name: HPGN-CA SDGPS01, 1990, Description: San Diego County Engineer Department GPS control point at San Onofre NAD83 Coordinates and HAE: 33d 22m 31.08420s N, 117d 33m 54.54673s W, -5.17 ID: SEAL Name: HPGN CA 12 01, Description: California High Precision GPS Network 12 01 (PID:DY9309) NAD83 Coordinates and HAE: 33d 44m 15.03481s N, 118d 05m 17.76708s W, -27.228 ID: LOMA Name: LOMA EAST, Description: NGS Control Point at Loma Point, LOMA EAST, 1994 (PID: AC6092) NAD83 Coordinates and HAE: 32d 40m 13.99579s N, 117d 14m 27.74509s W, 90.892 Source Type: digital files
    1 GPS Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) at Pinyon Flats, CA Source Contribution: CORS base station data (StationID: PIN1). GPS base stations solutions were estimated with respect to the GPS Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) at Pinyon Flats, CA. DESIGNATION: PINON 1 PGGA CORS ARP CORS_ID: PIN1 NGS PID: AF9708 Source Type: online
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    LE_ProcessStep or LI_ProcessStep

    Count Component DateTime Description
    1 ALTM range files were downloaded from the Optech ALTM 1225 system and decoded using Optech's REALM 3.0 tape decode program.
    1 Raw GPS data were downloaded from three Ashtech Z-12 GPS receivers. One receiver collected in-flight aircraft data; the other two collected data during flight time at separate base stations. The GPS data were converted into RINEX2 format with pseudorange smoothing applied. The National Geodetic Survey's PAGES-NT software was used to compute double differenced, ionospherically corrected, static GPS solutions for each GPS base station with precise ephemerides from the International GPS Service (IGS) with respect to selected CORS sites. As part of the solution tropospheric zenith delays were estimated and L1 and L2 phase biases were fixed as integers. Aircraft trajectories were estimated with respect to all base stations using National Geodetic Survey's Kinematic and Rapid-Static Software (KARS) software. Trajectories were double-differenced, ionospherically corrected, bias-fixed GPS solutions computed with precise IGS ephemerides. Coordinates for base stations and trajectories were in the International Terrestrial Reference Frame of 2000 (ITRF00). Aircraft trajectories were transformed from the ITRF00 to North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) using the Horizontal Time Dependent Positioning (HDTP) software (Snay, 1999).
    1 The 1 Hz GPS trajectory and 50Hz aircraft inertial measurement unit (IMU) data were combined in Applanix's POSProc version 4.2 to compute an aided inertial navigation solution (INS) and a 50Hz, smoothed best estimate of trajectory (SBET). The POSPac software employs a Kalman filter to obtain a blended navigation solution. Afterwards, smoothing was applied to the solution to obtain the SBET for the aircraft.
    1 The SBET, laser range observations, scanner position information, and GPS/internal clock files were processed in the Realm 2.27 software suite to generate uncalibrated lidar data points in the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) projection. Lidar point data were compared to 1998 ATM LIDAR data over several cross-track piers and roads to estimate lidar instrument calibration parameters: roll and pitch biases, scanner scale factor, and first/last return elevation biases. An iterative, least-squares methodology was used to estimate calibration parameters so as to minimize differences between lidar and ground GPS data. Samples of lidar data were used to create high-resolution digital elevation models (DEM); these DEMs were inspected for horizontal or vertical anomalies. Data collected on March 28, 2007, were compared to kinematic GPS points collected along the E. Pacific Coast Hwy near Laguna Beach. Data collected on March 29, 2007, were compared to kinematic GPS points collected in a parking lot near North Torrey Pines Road. After system calibration and initial quality control step, the adjusted lidar x,y,z-point data were generated by REALM software and output using the UTM Zone 11 coordinate system with elevations being heights above the GRS-80 reference ellipsoid (HAE). The output format from REALM 2.27 is a headerless space-delimited 9-column ASCII file that contains: Column 1 = the point time tag in seconds in the GPS week; Columns 2-4 = the UTM Zone 11 North easting, UTM Zone 11 North northing and height above ellipsoid (HAE) of the first lidar return; Columns 5-7 = the UTM Zone 11 North easting, UTM Zone 11 North northing and HAE of the last lidar return; and Columns 8 & 9 = the laser backscatter intensity of the first and last returns.
    1 Heights above the GRS80 ellipsoid (HAE) were converted to orthometric heights with respect to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88), using the GEOID99 model. GPS time tags were used to separate the data collected on a single day into distinct passes. The resulting pass data sets were then parsed into 3.75-minute USGS quarter-quadrangle components containing the complete point cloud. Each output file includes data points found within a 20 meter buffer area surrounding each quarter quadrangle. Outlier data points that exceeded designated elevation thresholds (< -20 m or > 250 m) were eliminated during the parsing process.
    1 2011-03-01T00:00:00 The NOAA Coastal Services Center (CSC) received the lidar files in ASCII format. The files contained lidar intensity and elevation measurements. CSC performed the following processing for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes: 1. Data converted from UTM coordinates to geographic coordinates. 2. Data converted from NAVD88 heights to ellipsoid heights using GEOID99. 3. Data converted from dual return xyz format to xyz text format with return numbers to las format. 4. The LAS data were sorted by latitude and the headers were updated.
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    MI_Operation

    none found
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    MI_Platform

    none found
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    MI_Instrument

    none found
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