National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), NOAA Satellite and Information Service

View Metadata As: Get Data, FAQ, HTML, 19139 XML
Assess Metadata For: Completeness, DOI Readiness, CSW Readiness, Components

2008 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Ontario

browse graphicThis kmz file shows the extent of coverage for the 2008 DOGAMI Ontario lidar data set.
The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic lidar data for multiple areas within the State of Oregon. The areas for lidar collection have been designed as part of a collaborative effort of state, federal, and local agencies in order to meet a wide range of project goals. The Camp Creek study area was collected December 3 - 10, 2008 and covers a portion of northeastern Malheur County. The total flown area covers 261 square miles, or 167,324 acres. This data set consists of bare earth and unclassified points. There are approximately 8 points per square meter over terrestrial surfaces. In some areas of heavy vegetation or forest cover, there may be relatively few ground points in the lidar data. Elevation values for open water surfaces are not valid elevation values because few lidar points are returned from water surfaces. Lidar intensity values were also collected.

Cite this dataset when used as a source.

Search and Download
    Distribution Formats
    • LAZ
    Distributor DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
    Point of Contact Ian Madin
    DOGAMI
    971-673-1542
    ian.madin@dogami.state.or.us
    Associated Resources
    • Lidar Collection Report
    Originator
    • DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
    Originator
    • Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI)
    Publisher
    • DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
    Date(s)
    • publication: 2012-02-01
    Data Presentation Form: Digital image
    Dataset Progress Status Complete
    Data Update Frequency: Not planned
    Purpose: Provide high resolution terrain elevation and land cover elevation data.
    Use Limitations
    • These data depict the elevations at the time of the survey and are only accurate for that time. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. Any conclusions drawn from analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA or any of its partners. These data are NOT to be used for navigational purposes.
    Time Period: 2008-12-03  to  2008-12-10
    Spatial Reference System: urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269 Ellipsoid in Meters
    Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
    N: 44.249903
    S: 43.568846
    E: -116.892637
    W: -117.262925
    Spatial Coverage Map:
    Themes
    • Bathymetry/Topography
    • Lidar
    • Light Detection and Ranging
    • DEM
    • Digital Terrain Model
    • DOGAMI
    • Elevation data
    • Bare earth
    • High-resolution
    • Bare ground
    • DTM
    Places
    • United States
    • Oregon
    • Malheur County
    • Pacific Northwest
    Use Constraints No constraint information available
    Fees Fee information not available.
    Lineage Statement Lineage statement not available.
    Processor
    • Watershed Sciences, Inc.
    • DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
    • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
    Processing Steps
    • The LiDAR data was collected between December 3, 2008 and December 10, 2008. The survey used a Leica ALS50 Phase II laser system mounted in a Cessna Caravan 208B. The system was set to acquire greater than or equal to 105,000 laser pulses per second (i.e. 105 kHz pulse rate) and flown at 900 meters above ground level (AGL), capturing a scan angle of plus or minus 14 degrees from nadir. These settings were developed to yield points with an average native density of greater than or equal to 8 points per square meter over terrestrial surfaces. The native pulse density is the number of pulses emitted by the LiDAR system. Some types of surfaces (i.e. dense vegetation or water) may return fewer pulses than the laser originally emitted. Therefore, the delivered density can be less than the native density and lightly variable according to distributions of terrain, land cover, and water bodies. The completed areas were surveyed with opposing flight line side-lap of greater than or equal to 50% (greater than or equal to 100% overlap) to reduce laser shadowing and increase surface laser painting. The system allows up to four range measurements per pulse, and all discernible laser returns were processed for the output dataset. During the LiDAR survey of the study area, a static (1 Hz recording frequency) ground survey was conducted over monuments with known coordinates. After the airborne survey, the static GPS data were processed using triangulation with CORS stations checked against the Online Positioning User Service (OPUS) to quantify daily variance. Multiple sessions are processed over the same monument to confirm the antenna height measurements and reported position accuracy. Multiple DGPS units are used for the ground real-time kinematic (RTK) portion of the survey. To collect accurate ground surveyed points, a GPS base unit is set up over monuments to broadcast a kinematic correction to a roving GPS unit. The ground crew uses a roving unit to receive radio-relayed kinematic corrected positions from the base unit. This method is referred to as real-time kinematic (RTK) surveying and allows precise location measurement (sigma less than or equal to 1.5 cm (0.6 in)). For the Ontario study area 2175 RTK points were collected.
    • 1. Laser point coordinates are computed using the IPAS and ALS Post Processor software suites based on independent data from the LiDAR system (pulse time, scan angle), and aircraft trajectory data (SBET). Laser point returns (first through fourth) are assigned an associated (x, y, z) coordinate along with unique intensity values (0-255). The data are output into large LAS v. 1.1 files; each point maintains the corresponding scan angle, return number (echo), intensity, and x, y, z (easting, northing, and elevation) information. 2. These initial laser point files are too large to process. To facilitate laser point processing, bins (polygons) are created to divide the dataset into manageable sizes (less than 500 MB). Flightlines and LiDAR data are then reviewed to ensure complete coverage of the study area and positional accuracy of the laser points. 3. Once the laser point data are imported into bins in TerraScan, a manual calibration is performed to assess the system offsets for pitch, roll, heading, and mirror scale. Using a geometric relationship developed by Watershed Sciences, each of these offsets is resolved and corrected if necessary. 4. The LiDAR points are then filtered for noise, pits, and birds by screening for absolute elevation limits, isolated points, and height above ground. Each bin is then inspected for pits and birds manually; spurious points are removed. For a bin containing approximately 7.5-9.0 million points, an average of 50-100 points are typically found to be artificially low or high. These spurious non-terrestrial laser points must be removed from the dataset. Common sources of non-terrestrial returns are clouds, birds, vapor, and haze. 5. The internal calibration is refined using TerraMatch. Points from overlapping lines are tested for internal consistency and final adjustments are made for system misalignments (i.e., pitch, roll, heading offsets and mirror scale). Automated sensor attitude and scale corrections yield 3-5 cm improvements in the relative accuracy. Once the system misalignments are corrected, vertical GPS drift is then resolved and removed per flight line, yielding a slight improvement (less than 1 cm) in relative accuracy. At this point in the workflow, data have passed a robust calibration designed to reduce inconsistencies from multiple sources (i.e. sensor attitude offsets, mirror scale, GPS drift) using a procedure that is comprehensive (i.e. uses all of the overlapping survey data). Relative accuracy screening was complete. 6. The TerraScan software suite is designed specifically for classifying near-ground points (Soininen, 2004). The processing sequence begins by removing all points that are not near the earth based on geometric constraints used to evaluate multi-return points. The resulting bare earth (ground) model is visually inspected and additional ground point modeling is performed in site-specific areas (over a 50-meter radius) to improve ground detail. This is only done in areas with known ground modeling deficiencies, such as: bedrock outcrops, cliffs, deeply incised stream banks, and dense vegetation. In some cases, ground point classification includes known vegetation (i.e., understory, low/dense shrubs, etc.) and these points are manually reclassified as non-grounds. Ground surface rasters were developed from triangulated irregular networks (TINs) of ground points.
    • The NOAA Coastal Services Center (CSC) received the files in las format. The files contained LiDAR elevation and intensity measurements. The data were in Oregon Lambert (NAD83), International Feet projection and NAVD88 (Geoid 03) vertical datum. CSC performed the following processing for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes: 1. The data were converted from Oregon Lambert (NAD83), International Feet to geographic coordinates. 2. The data were converted from NAVD88 (orthometric) heights to GRS80 (ellipsoid) heights using Geoid 03. 3. The vertical units of the data were converted from International feet to meters. 4. The data were sorted by latitude and the headers were updated.
    • The NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) received lidar data files via ftp transfer from the NOAA Coastal Services Center. The data are currently being served via NOAA CSC Digital Coast at http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/. The data can be used to re-populate the system. The data are archived in LAS or LAZ format. The LAS format is an industry standard for LiDAR data developed by the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS); LAZ is a loseless compressed version of LAS developed by Martin Isenburg (http://www.laszip.org/). The data are exclusively in geographic coordinates (either NAD83 or ITRF94). The data are referenced vertically to the ellipsoid (either GRS80 or ITRF94), allowing for the ability to apply the most up to date geoid model when transforming to orthometric heights.

    Metadata Last Modified: 2013-06-05

    For questions about the information on this page, please email: mike.sutherland@noaa.gov