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Metadata Identifier: gov.noaa.csc.maps:2010_USACE_MD_SEPT_m1176

Aggregation Info | Bands | Citations | Constraints | Coverage Descriptions | Dimensions | Extents | Formats | Geographic Bounding Box
Georectified Information | Georeferenceable Information | Identifiers | Instruments | Mediums | OnlineResources | Operations
Platforms | Process Steps | Range Elements | Reference Systems | Responsible Parties | Series | Sources | Spatial Grids | Temporal Extents

MD_DataIdentification

Count Component Title Abstract
1 2010 US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of eXpertise (JALBTCX) Lidar: Maryland- September (Post-Hurricane Earl, Topo) These files contain topographic lidar data classified as ground (2) and unclassified (1) in accordance with the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) classification standards. These data were collected by the Compact Hydrographic Airborne Rapid Total Survey (CHARTS) system along the coast of Maryland. CHARTS integrates topographic and bathymetric lidar sensors, a digital camera and a hyperspectral scanner on a single remote sensing platform for use in coastal mapping and charting activities. Data coverage generally extends along the coastline from the waterline inland 500 meters (topography) and offshore 1,000 meters or to laser extinction (bathymetry). The topographic lidar sensor has a pulse repetition rate of 9 kHz at 1064 nm (near-infrared wavelength). The bathymetric lidar sensor has a pulse repetition rate of 1 kHz at 532 nm (green wavelength). Native lidar data is not generally in a format accessible to most Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Specialized in-house and commercial software packages are used to process the native lidar data into 3-dimensional positions that can be imported into GIS software for visualization and further analysis. Horizontal positions, provided in decimal degrees of latitude and longitude, are referenced to the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83). Vertical positions are referenced to the NAD83 ellipsoid and provided in meters. The National Geodetic Survey's (NGS) GEOID03 model is used to transform the vertical positions from ellipsoid to orthometric heights referenced to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88). The 3-D position data are sub-divided into a series of LAS files, each covering approximately 5 kilometers of shoreline. The file index is provided by the shape file, "md_boxes.shp", and the numbers used to identify files are in the "Box" field of the shape file. The LAS file naming convention is based on the year, project, area name, "Box," and the product type. An example file name is "2010_NCMP_MD_Aug_03_GeoClassified.las", where 2010 is the year of data collection, NCMP is the project under which data were collected, MD is the area of data collection, 03 is the "Box" number and "GeoClassified" is the product type. The format of the file is LAS version 1.1.
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SV_Identification

none found
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CI_Citation

Count Component Title Date Citation Identifier
1 2010 US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of eXpertise (JALBTCX) Lidar: Maryland- September (Post-Hurricane Earl, Topo)
3 None
    1 North American Datum 1983
    • 2007-01-19
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    CI_Series

    none found
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    CI_ResponsibleParty

    Count Component Individual Organization Position Email Role Linkage
    1 resourceProvider http://www.epsg-registry.org/export.htm?gml=urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
    1 NOAA CSC (originator) DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce csc.info@noaa.gov originator
    1 NOAA CSC (publisher) DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce csc.info@noaa.gov publisher
    1 NOAA CSC(distributor) DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce csc.info@noaa.gov distributor
    1 NOAA CSC (processor) DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce csc.info@noaa.gov processor
    1 EPSG Registry European Petroleum Survey Group publisher http://www.epsg-registry.org/
    1 Mike Sutherland(author) Mike Sutherland DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce mike.sutherland@noaa.gov author
    1 Mike Sutherland Mike Sutherland DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce mike.sutherland@noaa.gov distributor
    1 Mike Sutherland (processor) Mike Sutherland DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce mike.sutherland@noaa.gov processor
    1 JALBTCX (originator) US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of eXpertise (JALBTCX) Data Production Manager JALBTCX@usace.army.mil originator
    1 JALBTCX (pointOfContact) US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of eXpertise (JALBTCX) Data Production Manager JALBTCX@usace.army.mil pointOfContact
    2 JALBTCX (processor) US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of eXpertise (JALBTCX) Data Production Manager JALBTCX@usace.army.mil processor
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    CI_OnlineResource

    Count Component Linkage Name Description Function
    1 http://www.epsg-registry.org/ European Petroleum Survey Group Geodetic Parameter Registry Registry that accesses the EPSG Geodetic Parameter Dataset, which is a structured dataset of Coordinate Reference Systems and Coordinate Transformations. search
    1 http://www.epsg-registry.org/export.htm?gml=urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269 NAD83 Link to Geographic Markup Language (GML) description of reference system. information
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    MD_Identifier or RS_Identifier

    Count Component Code
    1 Ellipsoid in Meters
    1 urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
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    EX_Extent

    Bounding Box Temporal Extent
    Count Component Description West East North South Start End
    1 -75.245882 -75.049137 38.451137 38.027470 2010-09-23 2010-09-25
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    EX_GeographicBoundingBox

    Count Component West East North South
    1 -75.245882 -75.049137 38.451137 38.027470
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    EX_TemporalExtent

    Count Component Start End
    1 2010-09-23 2010-09-25
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    MD_Format

    Count Component Name Version specification
    1 LAZ
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    MD_Medium

    none found
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    MD_Constraints

    Count Component Use Limitation
    1 Lidar Use Limitation These data depict the elevations at the time of the survey and are only accurate for that time. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. Any conclusions drawn from analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA or any of its partners. These data are NOT to be used for navigational purposes.
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    MD_ReferenceSystem

    Count Component Code Authority Title
    1 Ellipsoid Ellipsoid in Meters
    1 NAD83 urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269 North American Datum 1983
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    MD_GridSpatialRepresentation

    none found
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    MD_Georeferenceable or MI_Georeferenceable

    none found
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    MD_Georectified or MI_Georectified

    none found
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    MD_Dimension

    none found
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    MD_CoverageDescription or MI_CoverageDescription

    none found
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    MD_Band or MI_Band

    none found
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    MI_RangeElementDescription

    none found
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    MD_AggregateInformation

    none found
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    LE_Source or LI_Source

    none found
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    LE_ProcessStep or LI_ProcessStep

    Count Component DateTime Description
    1 2010-01-01T00:00:00 These data were collected using the CHARTS system. It is owned by the Naval Oceanographic Office and operated through contract. The system collects topographic lidar data at 9kHz, bathymetric lidar data at 1kHz and RGB imagery at 1Hz. A CASI-1500 hyperspectral line scanner is integrated with the system as well. Aircraft position, velocity and acceleration information are collected through a combination of Novatel and POS A/V 410 equipment. All raw data streams are transferred to the office for downloading and processing in SHOALS GCS software. Aircraft position data are processed using POSPac software and the results are combined with the lidar data to produce 3-D positions for each lidar shot. Upon inspection and QA/QC in the software packages Fledermaus and PFM_ABE, anomalous data are flagged as invalid. PFM_ABE's chartsLAS module then converts all valid data from ellipsoid to orthometric heights based on the NGS' GEOID03 model and exports topographic data as a series of LAS files with a single file per flightline per 5km box.
    1 2010-01-01T00:00:00 The flightline LAS files are imported into the TerraScan V11 module within MicroStation V8.0. The resulting LAS files are thinned to eliminate duplicate points. A customized classification macro is used to distinguish ground points (2) and unclassified points (1). The classification results are QC'd and any misclassified points are manually edited. In areas of dense vegetation the bare ground points might be incorrectly classified due to the inability of the laser to penetrate the canopy and reach the bare ground. In these areas, JALBTCX defaults to the algorithm's "ground" surface instead of manually reclassifying those points. The points are exported to an ASCII file containing the following fields: longitude, latitude, elevation (orthometric), intensity, classification, mirror angle, time (GPS time), number of echos, and echo number. The ASCII file is converted to LAS with the txt2las code from LAStools (<http://www.cs.unc.edu/~isenburg/lastools/>).
    1 2012-02-01T00:00:00 The NOAA Coastal Services Center (CSC) received data in LAS v1.1 format. The files contained LiDAR elevation and intensity measurements. The data were received in geographic coordinates (NAD83) and vertically referenced to NAVD88 using the Geoid03 model. The vertical units of data were meters. The data were classified according to ASPRS LAS classification scheme (1 = unclassified, 2 = ground). CSC performed the following processing for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes: 1. The LAS files were converted from orthometric heights to ellipsoidal heights (GRS80) using Geoid 03. 2. The LAS data were sorted by latitude and the headers were updated. 3. The data were converted to LAZ format.
    1 2013-01-22T00:00:00 The NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) received lidar data files via ftp transfer from the NOAA Coastal Services Center. The data are currently being served via NOAA CSC Digital Coast at http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/. The data can be used to re-populate the system. The data are archived in LAS or LAZ format. The LAS format is an industry standard for LiDAR data developed by the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS); LAZ is a loseless compressed version of LAS developed by Martin Isenburg (http://www.laszip.org/). The data are exclusively in geographic coordinates (either NAD83 or ITRF94). The data are referenced vertically to the ellipsoid (either GRS80 or ITRF94), allowing for the ability to apply the most up to date geoid model when transforming to orthometric heights.
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    MI_Operation

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    MI_Platform

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    MI_Instrument

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