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2011 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Topographic LiDAR: Louisiana Region 1

spatialRepresentationInfo
referenceSystemInfo
referenceSystemInfo
identificationInfo
distributionInfo
dataQualityInfo
metadataMaintenance

 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.csc.maps:2011_ARRA_LA_Region1_m1403
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  Mike Sutherland(author) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName:
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
    dateStamp:  2013-01-22
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    spatialRepresentationInfo:  (MD_VectorSpatialRepresentation)
        geometricObjects:  (MD_GeometricObjects)
            geometricObjectType:  (MD_GeometricObjectTypeCode) point
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    referenceSystemInfo:  (MD_ReferenceSystem)
        referenceSystemIdentifier:  (RS_Identifier)
            authority:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  North American Datum 1983
                alternateTitle:  NAD83
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007-01-19
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.epsg-registry.org/export.htm?gml=urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
                            name:  NAD83
                            description:  Link to Geographic Markup Language (GML) description of reference system.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  European Petroleum Survey Group
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.epsg-registry.org/
                            name:  European Petroleum Survey Group Geodetic Parameter Registry
                            description:  Registry that accesses the EPSG Geodetic Parameter Dataset, which is a structured dataset of Coordinate Reference Systems and Coordinate Transformations.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            code:  urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
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    referenceSystemInfo:  (MD_ReferenceSystem)
        referenceSystemIdentifier:  (RS_Identifier)
            code:  Ellipsoid in Meters
            codeSpace:  Local Vertical Reference
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  2011 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Topographic LiDAR: Louisiana Region 1
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2011-04-15
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            citedResponsibleParty:  NOAA CSC (originator)
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  U.S. Geological Survey
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  NOAA CSC (publisher) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) imageDigital
        abstract:  TASK NAME: Louisiana Region 1 LiDAR ARRA Task Order LiDAR Data Acquisition and Processing Production Task- Vermillion, Iberia, St. Mary, Terrebonne, and Lafourche Parishes USGS Contract No: G10PC00057 Task Order No: G10PD02781 Woolpert ORDER NUMBER: 70930 CONTRACTOR: Woolpert, Inc. LiDAR data is a remotely sensed high resolution elevation data collected by an airborne platform. The LiDAR sensor uses a combination of laser range finding, GPS positioning, and inertial measurement technologies. The LiDAR systems collect data point clouds that are used to produce highly detailed Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) of the earth's terrain, man-made structures, and vegetation. The task required the LiDAR data to be collected at a nominal pulse spacing (NPS) of 2.0 meters. The final products include first, last, and at least one intermediate return LAS, full classified LAS and a bare earth model in separate files.
        purpose:  This task order consisted of LiDAR data acquisition and processing for Vermillion, Iberia, St. Mary, Terrebonne, and Lafourche Parishes in southeastern Louisiana. The task order area of interest encompasses approximately 6,684,759,312 square meters (2,581 square miles). The task required the LiDAR data to be collected at a nominal pulse spacing (NPS) of 2.0 meters. The LiDAR data was collected to meet a vertical accuracy requirement of 12.5 cm (0.41 ft) RMSE, or better. The final LiDAR data was delivered as 1,500m x 1,500m tiles, aligned to even 1,500m coordinates.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  USGS (United States Geological Survey)
            positionName:  USGS NGTOC
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (573) 308-3654
                    facsimile:  (573) 308-3810
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  1400 Independence Rd.
                    city:  Rolla
                    administrativeArea:  MO
                    postalCode:  65401
                    country:  USA
                hoursOfService:  8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Central Time
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName:  ftp://ftp.csc.noaa.gov/pub/crs/beachmap/qa_docs/la/usgs2011_louisiana_region1/usgs2011_louisiana_region1_footprint.kmz
            fileDescription:  This kmz file shows the extent of coverage for the 2011 ARRA USGS Lousiana Region 1 lidar data set.
            fileType:  kmz
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Topography/Bathymetry
            keyword:  Elevation
            keyword:  Lidar
            keyword:  LAS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  None
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  US
            keyword:  Louisiana
            keyword:  Vermillion Parish
            keyword:  Iberia Parish
            keyword:  St. Mary Parish
            keyword:  Terrebonne Parish
            keyword:  Lafourche Parish
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  None
                date:
        resourceConstraints:  Lidar Use Limitation
        resourceConstraints:  NOAA Legal Statement
        spatialRepresentationType:  (MD_SpatialRepresentationTypeCode) vector
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) elevation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -92.136664
                eastBoundLongitude:  -90.239927
                southBoundLatitude:  29.039005
                northBoundLatitude:  29.804761
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2011-01-22
                    endPosition:  2011-04-12
        supplementalInformation:  The reflective surface data represents the DEM created by the laser energy reflected from the first surface encountered by the laser pulse. Some energy may continue beyond this initial surface, to be reflected by a subsequent surface as represented by the last return data. Intensity information is captured from the reflective surface pulse and indicates the relative energy returned to the sensor, as compared to the energy transmitted. The intensity image is not calibrated or normalized but indicates differences in energy absorption due to the interaction of the surface materials with laser energy, at the wavelength transmitted by the sensor. The bare earth model is created by identifying the returns that fall on the ground surface and by interpolating a surface between these points. In this manner, buildings and vegetation are removed from the bare earth model. This data set does not include bridges and overpasses in the bare earth model as the delineation point for these structures is not reliably discernible in the LiDAR data.
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  LAZ
            version:
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  NOAA CSC(distributor) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                orderingInstructions:  The National Geophysical Data Center serves as the archive for this LIDAR data. NGDC should only be contacted for this data if it cannot be obtained from NOAA Coastal Services Center.
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  Mike Sutherland
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                orderingInstructions:  The National Geophysical Data Center serves as the archive for this LIDAR dataset. NGDC should only be contacted for the data if it cannot be obtained from NOAA Coastal Services Center.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Horizontal accuracy is +/- 3.8-foot at the 95% confidence level using RMSE(r) x 1.9600 as defined by the FGDC Geospatial Positional Accuracy Standards, Part 3: NSSDA.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy
            measureDescription:  LiDAR system calibration is available in the project report.
            result:  (DQ_QuantitativeResult)
                valueUnit:
                  BaseUnit:
                    identifier:  meters
                    unitsSystem:
                value:
                  Record:  1.16
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The LiDAR data vertical accuracy RMSE is 7.0 cm (0.229 ft). The data collected under this Task Order meets the National Standard for Spatial Database Accuracy (NSSDA) accuracy standards. The NSSDA standards specify that vertical accuracy be reported at the 95 percent confidence level for data tested by an independent source of higher accuracy. (http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/accuracy/part3/index_html). The Fundamental Vertical Accuracy (FVA) of the TIN: 13.72 cm (0.45 ft) at a 95% confidence level, derived according to NSSDA, i.e., based on RMSE of 12.5 cm in the "open terrain" land cover category.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy
            measureDescription:  Tested 13.72 cm (0.45 ft) vertical accuracy at 95 percent confidence level.
            result:  (DQ_QuantitativeResult)
                valueUnit:
                  BaseUnit:
                    identifier:  meters
                    unitsSystem:
                value:
                  Record:  0.07
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The LIDAR data is visually inspected for completeness to ensure that are no gaps between flight lines.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_ConceptualConsistency)
            measureDescription:  All formatted data are validated using commercial GIS software to ensure proper formatting and loading prior to delivery.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_QuantitativeAttributeAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Quantitative Attribute Accuracy Assessment
            measureDescription:  Points measured will produce an error less than 12.5 cm (0.41 ft) RMSE.
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The LiDAR collected for this task order was collected at a vertical accuracy of 12.5 cm (0.41 ft) Root Mean Squared (RMSE), or better.
            result:  (DQ_QuantitativeResult)
                valueUnit:
                  BaseUnit:
                    identifier:  meters
                    unitsSystem:
                value:
                  Record:  12.5 cm (0.41 ft) RMSE
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Using a LH Systems ALS50 Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) system, 126 flight lines of high density data, at a nominal pulse spacing (NPS) of 2.0 meters, were collected over approximately 6,684,759,312 square meters (2,581 square miles) of Vermillion, Iberia, St. Mary, Terrebonne, and Lafourche Parishes in southeastern Louisiana. Multiple returns were recorded for each laser pulse along with an intensity value for each return. A total of eighteen missions were flown over a 15 day period: January 22, 2011, January 23, 2011, January 27, 2011, February 12, 2011, February 13, 2011, February 17, 2001, February 18, 2011, February 28, 2011, March 1, 2011, March 10, 2011, March 11, 2011, March 15, 2011, March 16, 2011, April 6, 2011, and April 12, 2011. A minimum of two airborne global positioning system (GPS) base stations were used in support of the LiDAR data acquisition. 22 ground control points were surveyed through static methods. The geoid used to reduce satellite derived elevations to orthometric heights was Geoid09. All data for Region 1 is referenced to UTM 15N for the area within its zone, NAD83, NAVD88, in meters. Airborne GPS data was differentially processed and integrated with the post processed IMU data to derive a smoothed best estimate of trajectory (SBET). The SBET was used to reduce the LiDAR slant range measurements to a raw reflective surface for each flight line. The coverage was classified to extract a bare earth digital elevation model (DEM) and separate last returns. In addition to the LAS deliverables, one layer of coverage was delivered in the ArcINFO ArcGrid binary format 2m cell size: bare-earth. The ArcGrid data was created using ArcMap v9.3 software. System Parameters: - Type of Scanner = LH Systems ALS50 - Data Acquisition Height = 2,377-meters AGL - Scanner Field of View = 40 degrees - Scan Frequency = 36.7 Hertz - Pulse Repetition Rate = 99.0 Kilohertz - Aircraft Speed = 140 Knots - Swath Width = 1730-meters - Number of Returns Per Pulse = Maximum of 4 - Distance Between Flight Lines = 1212-meters.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-04-15T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Woolpert, Inc.
                    positionName:  Geospatial Services
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  (407) 381-2192
                            facsimile:  (407) 384-1185
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  3504 Lake Lynda Drive, Suite 400
                            city:  Orlando
                            administrativeArea:  FL
                            postalCode:  32817-1484
                            country:  USA
                        hoursOfService:  8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The ALS50 calibration and system performance is verified on a periodic basis using Woolpert's calibration range. The calibration range consists of a large building and runway. The edges of the building and control points along the runway have been located using conventional survey methods. Inertial measurement unit (IMU) misalignment angles and horizontal accuracy are calculated by comparing the position of the building edges between opposing flight lines. The scanner scale factor and vertical accuracy is calculated through comparison of LiDAR data against control points along the runway. Field calibration is performed on all flight lines to refine the IMU misalignment angles. IMU misalignment angles are calculated from the relative displacement of features within the overlap region of adjacent (and opposing) flight lines. The raw LiDAR data is reduced using the refined misalignment angles.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-04-15T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Woolpert, Inc.
                    positionName:  Geospatial Services
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  (407) 381-2192
                            facsimile:  (407) 384-1185
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  3504 Lake Lynda Drive, Suite 400
                            city:  Orlando
                            administrativeArea:  FL
                            postalCode:  32817-1484
                            country:  USA
                        hoursOfService:  8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Once the data acquisition and GPS processing phases are complete, the LiDAR data was processed immediately to verify the coverage had no voids. The GPS and IMU data was post processed using differential and Kalman filter algorithms to derive a best estimate of trajectory. The quality of the solution was verified to be consistent with the accuracy requirements of the project.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-04-15T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Woolpert, Inc.
                    positionName:  Geospatial Services
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  (407) 381-2192
                            facsimile:  (407) 384-1185
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  3504 Lake Lynda Drive, Suite 400
                            city:  Orlando
                            administrativeArea:  FL
                            postalCode:  32817-1484
                            country:  USA
                        hoursOfService:  8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The individual flight lines were inspected to ensure the systematic and residual errors have been identified and removed. Then, the flight lines were compared to adjacent flight lines for any mismatches to obtain a homogenous coverage throughout the project area. The point cloud underwent a classification process to determine bare-earth points and non-ground points utilizing "first and only" as well as "last of many" LiDAR returns. This process determined bare-earth points (Class 2), Noise (Class 7), Water (Class 9) Ignored ground (Class 10) and unclassified data (Class 1). The bare-earth (Class 2 - Ground) LiDAR points underwent a manual QA/QC step to verify that artifacts have been removed from the bare-earth surface. The surveyed ground control points are used to perform the accuracy checks and statistical analysis of the LiDAR dataset.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-04-15T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Woolpert, Inc.
                    positionName:  Geospatial Services
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  (407) 381-2192
                            facsimile:  (407) 384-1185
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  3504 Lake Lynda Drive, Suite 400
                            city:  Orlando
                            administrativeArea:  FL
                            postalCode:  32817-1484
                            country:  USA
                        hoursOfService:  8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Breaklines defining lakes, greater than two acres, and double-line streams, wider than 30.5 meters (100 feet), were compiled using digital photogrammetric techniques as part of the hydrographic flattening process and provided as ESRI Polyline Z and Polygon Z shape files. Breaklines defining water bodies and streams were compiled for this task order. The breaklines were used to perform the hydrologic flattening of water bodies, and gradient hydrologic flattening of double line streams. Lakes, reservoirs and ponds, at a nominal minimum size of two (2) acres or greater, were compiled as closed polygons. The closed water bodies were collected at a constant elevation. Rivers and streams, at a nominal minimum width of 30.5 meters (100 feet), were compiled in the direction of flow with both sides of the stream maintaining an equal gradient elevation. The draping of the polygons and double lines streams was performed using proprietary software developed by Woolpert. The hydrologic flattening of the LiDAR data was performed for inclusion in the National Elevation Dataset (NED).
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-04-15T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Woolpert, Inc.
                    positionName:  Geospatial Services
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  (407) 381-2192
                            facsimile:  (407) 384-1185
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  3504 Lake Lynda Drive, Suite 400
                            city:  Orlando
                            administrativeArea:  FL
                            postalCode:  32817-1484
                            country:  USA
                        hoursOfService:  8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA Coastal Services Center (CSC) received topographic files in LAS format. The files contained lidar elevation and intensity measurements. The data were received in UTM Zone 15 (NAD83) coordinates and were vertically referenced to NAVD88 using the Geoid09 model. The vertical units of the data were meters. CSC performed the following processing for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes: 1. The topographic las files were converted from orthometric (NAVD88) heights to ellipsoidal heights using Geoid09. 2. The data were converted to LAZ format.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2012-10-01T00:00:00
                processor:  NOAA CSC (processor) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) received lidar data files via ftp transfer from the NOAA Coastal Services Center. The data are currently being served via NOAA CSC Digital Coast at http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/. The data can be used to re-populate the system. The data are archived in LAS or LAZ format. The LAS format is an industry standard for LiDAR data developed by the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS); LAZ is a loseless compressed version of LAS developed by Martin Isenburg (http://www.laszip.org/). The data are exclusively in geographic coordinates (either NAD83 or ITRF94). The data are referenced vertically to the ellipsoid (either GRS80 or ITRF94), allowing for the ability to apply the most up to date geoid model when transforming to orthometric heights.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-01-22T00:00:00
                processor:  Mike Sutherland (processor) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        dateOfNextUpdate:  2014-01-22
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata standard (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using the 2013-01-04 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 for LiDAR transform.
        maintenanceNote:  Translated from FGDC 2013-01-22T13:16:23.199-07:00