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2008 US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of Expertise (JALBTCX) Topobathy Lidar: North Carolina
 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.csc.maps:usace2008_nc_m2607
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  Mike Sutherland(author) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName: (template)
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
    dateStamp:  2014-02-05
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    spatialRepresentationInfo:  (MD_VectorSpatialRepresentation)
        geometricObjects:  (MD_GeometricObjects)
            geometricObjectType:  (MD_GeometricObjectTypeCode) point
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    referenceSystemInfo:  NAD83
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    referenceSystemInfo:  Ellipsoid
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  2008 US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of Expertise (JALBTCX) Topobathy Lidar: North Carolina
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2013-01-24
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            citedResponsibleParty:  NOAA CSC (originator)
            citedResponsibleParty:  JALBTCX (originator)
            citedResponsibleParty:  NOAA CSC (publisher) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName: (template)
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) imageDigital
        abstract:  These files contain topographic lidar data collected by the Compact Hydrographic Airborne Rapid Total Survey (CHARTS) system along the coast of North Carolina near the town of Duck. CHARTS integrates topographic and bathymetric lidar sensors, a digital camera and a hyperspectral scanner on a single remote sensing platform for use in coastal mapping and charting activities. Data coverage generally extends along the coastline from the waterline inland 500 meters (topography) and offshore 1,000 meters or to laser extinction (bathymetry), however, no bathymetry was collected for this data set. Native lidar data is not generally in a format accessible to most Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Specialized in-house and commercial software packages are used to process the native lidar data into 3-dimensional positions that can be imported into GIS software for visualization and further analysis. Horizontal positions, provided in decimal degrees of latitude and longitude, are referenced to the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83). Vertical positions are referenced to the NAD83 ellipsoid and provided in meters. The National Geodetic Survey's (NGS) GEOID03 model is used to transform the vertical positions from ellipsoid to orthometric heights referenced to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88). The 3-D position data are sub-divided into a series of ASCII file products, with each covering approximately 5 kilometers of shoreline. The ASCII columns are Longitude, Latitude, UTM Zone, Easting, Northing, Elevation (orthometric), Elevation (ellipsoid), Date, Time, and Intensity. ASCII data were transformed to LAS format in ellipsoid heights.
        purpose:  These data were collected as a part of the NCMP to depict the elevations ABOVE AND/OR BELOW the water for the First Return OR Last Return OR Hydro in the North Carolina coastal zone.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  JALBTCX (pointOfContact) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName: (template)
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Bathymetry/Topography
            keyword:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District
            keyword:  JALBTCX
            keyword:  CHARTS
            keyword:  SHOALS
            keyword:  Topography
            keyword:  LAS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  None
                date: (unknown)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY> TERRAIN ELEVATION
            keyword:  OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY
            keyword:  OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > BATHYMETRY
            keyword:  OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > COASTAL ELEVATION
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  GCMD Earth Science Keywords
                date: (unknown)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  LIDAR > LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  GCMD Instrument Keywords
                date: (unknown)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOD/USARMY/USACE/SAM/MOBILE
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  GCMD Data Center Keywords
                date: (unknown)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  United States
            keyword:  North Carolina
            keyword:  Dare County
            keyword:  Town of Duck
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Geographic Names Information System
                date: (unknown)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  VERTICAL LOCATION > LAND SURFACE
            keyword:  VERTICAL LOCATION > SEA FLOOR
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  GCMD Location Keywords
                date: (unknown)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  September
            keyword:  2008
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) temporal
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  None
                date: (unknown)
        resourceConstraints:  Lidar Use Limitation
        resourceConstraints:  NOAA Legal Statement
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Lidar Dataset Supplemental Information
                date: (inapplicable)
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName:  Citation URL
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage:  ftp://csc.noaa.gov/pub/DigitalCoast/lidar1_z/geoid12a/data/2607/supplemental/
                            name:  Where they exist, the supplemental information folder will include acquisition and QA/QC reports, breaklines, a footprint of the spatial extent of the data and other relevant related information
                            description: (inapplicable)
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (inapplicable)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        spatialRepresentationType:  (MD_SpatialRepresentationTypeCode) vector
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) elevation
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -75.8509523
                eastBoundLongitude:  -75.5886355
                southBoundLatitude:  36.0280323
                northBoundLatitude:  36.2221657
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    timePosition:  2008-09-14
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  LAZ
            version: (unknown)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  NOAA CSC(distributor) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName: (template)
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                orderingInstructions:  The National Geophysical Data Center serves as the archive for this LIDAR data. NGDC should only be contacted for this data if it cannot be obtained from NOAA Coastal Services Center.
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  Mike Sutherland
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                orderingInstructions:  The National Geophysical Data Center serves as the archive for this LIDAR dataset. NGDC should only be contacted for the data if it cannot be obtained from NOAA Coastal Services Center.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The data positions were obtained using post processed KGPS methods. The horizontal accuracy of the data is better than +/- 0.75m.
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy
            measureDescription:  1 Sigma
            result:  (DQ_QuantitativeResult)
                valueUnit:
                  BaseUnit:
                    identifier:  meters
                    unitsSystem:
                value:
                  Record:  0.75
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The data positions were obtained using post processed KGPS methods. The vertical accuracy of the data is better than +/- 0.20m.
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy
            measureDescription:  1 Sigma
            result:  (DQ_QuantitativeResult)
                valueUnit:
                  BaseUnit:
                    identifier:  meters
                    unitsSystem:
                value:
                  Record:  0.20
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  100%
            result: (unknown)
        report:  (DQ_ConceptualConsistency)
            measureDescription:  The data provided in this file were tested against ground truth data. At these locations the lidar data matched within 0.20 meters, and different flight line data agreed within 0.20 meters.
            result: (unknown)
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  These data were collected using the CHARTS system. It is owned by the Naval Oceanographic Office and operated through contract. The system collects topographic lidar data at 9kHz, bathymetric lidar data at 1kHz and RGB imagery at 1Hz. A CASI-1500 hyperspectral line scanner is integrated with the system as well. Aircraft position, velocity and acceleration information are collected through a combination of Novatel and POS A/V 410 equipment. All raw data streams are transferred to the office for downloading and processing in SHOALS GCS software. Aircraft position data are processed using POSPac software and the results are combined with the lidar data to produce 3-D positions for each lidar shot. Upon inspection and QA/QC in the software packages Fledermaus and PFM_ABE, anomalous data are flagged as invalid. PFM_ABE's chartsLAS module then converts all valid data from ellipsoid to orthometric heights based on the NGS' GEOID03 model and exports data as a series of first return topography (TF), last return topography (TL) and bathymetry (H) ASCII files.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2008-01-01T00:00:00
                processor:  JALBTCX (processor) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (template)
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA Coastal Services Center (CSC) received unclassified files in ASCII format (GCS NAD83/NAVD88). The files contained LiDAR intensity and elevation measurements. CSC performed the following processing on the data for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning: 1. Lidar pulses were recombined from the first and last return ASCII files. 2. The data were converted from ASCII to LAS 1.2 format. Times were converted to adjusted GPS time. 3. The data were converted from orthometric (NAVD88) to ellipsoidal heights (GRS80) using Geoid03. 4. The data were converted to LAZ format.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-11-01T00:00:00
                processor:  NOAA CSC (processor) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (template)
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) received lidar data files via ftp transfer from the NOAA Coastal Services Center. The data are currently being served via NOAA CSC Digital Coast at http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/. The data can be used to re-populate the system. The data are archived in LAS or LAZ format. The LAS format is an industry standard for LiDAR data developed by the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS); LAZ is a loseless compressed version of LAS developed by Martin Isenburg (http://www.laszip.org/). The data are exclusively in geographic coordinates (either NAD83 or ITRF94). The data are referenced vertically to the ellipsoid (either GRS80 or ITRF94), allowing for the ability to apply the most up to date geoid model when transforming to orthometric heights.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-02-05T00:00:00
                processor:  Mike Sutherland (processor) (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (template)
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        dateOfNextUpdate:  2015-02-05
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata standard (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using the 2013-01-04 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 for LiDAR transform.
        maintenanceNote:  Translated from FGDC 2014-02-05T16:19:45.329-05:00
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Optech SHOALS-3000 (CHARTS)
            type:  Light Detection and Ranging