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identificationInfo
distributionInfo
dataQualityInfo
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2003 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) Topographic LiDAR: Yakima County, Washington
 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.csc.maps:wa2003_pslc_yakima_m1463
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        individualName:  Mike Sutherland
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  303-497-6120
                facsimile:  303-497-6513
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC1 325 Broadway
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305-3328
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  mike.sutherland@noaa.gov
            hoursOfService:  7:30am-5:00pm Mountain
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
    dateStamp:  2013-04-25
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    spatialRepresentationInfo:  (MD_VectorSpatialRepresentation)
        geometricObjects:  (MD_GeometricObjects)
            geometricObjectType:  (MD_GeometricObjectTypeCode) point
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    referenceSystemInfo:  (MD_ReferenceSystem)
        referenceSystemIdentifier:  (RS_Identifier)
            authority:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  North American Datum 1983
                alternateTitle:  NAD83
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007-01-19
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.epsg-registry.org/export.htm?gml=urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
                            name:  NAD83
                            description:  Link to Geographic Markup Language (GML) description of reference system.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  European Petroleum Survey Group
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.epsg-registry.org/
                            name:  European Petroleum Survey Group Geodetic Parameter Registry
                            description:  Registry that accesses the EPSG Geodetic Parameter Dataset, which is a structured dataset of Coordinate Reference Systems and Coordinate Transformations.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            code:  urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
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    referenceSystemInfo:  (MD_ReferenceSystem)
        referenceSystemIdentifier:  (RS_Identifier)
            code:  Ellipsoid in Meters
            codeSpace:  Local Vertical Reference
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  2003 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) Topographic LiDAR: Yakima County, Washington
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2013-03-01
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/OCM > Office for Coastal Management, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  843-740-1200
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        electronicMailAddress:  ocm.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Diana Martinez
                organisationName:  Puget Sound Lidar Consortium (PSLC)
                positionName:  Senior GIS Analyst, Puget Sound Regional Council
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  206-971-3052
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  1011 Western Avenue, Suite 500
                        city:  Seattle
                        administrativeArea:  WA
                        postalCode:  98104-1035
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  dmartinez@psrc.org
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/OCM > Office for Coastal Management, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  843-740-1200
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        electronicMailAddress:  ocm.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) imageDigital
        abstract:  TerraPoint surveyed and created this data for the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium under contract. The area surveyed is approximately 77 square miles and covers a portion of Yakima County, WA. All data was collected during ideal conditions (leaf-off). The LAS files were derived from all returns ASCII files contain the X,Y,Z values of all the LiDAR returns collected during the survey mission. The GPS time, scan angle, intensity classification and return numbers of each point were preserved in the conversion from ASCII to LAS. ASPRS Classifications were used: Class 1 (Unclassified) and Class 2 (Ground). Futher details are available in the Process Steps below. The NOAA Coastal Services Center noticed that some intensity values are 0, so be aware before using the intensity information. This dataset was flown in 2003 with a 50% overlap between flight lines. Due to the overlap the nominal point spacing of the dataset is 1.0 meter.
        purpose:  The LAS files can be used to create DEMs and also to extract topographic data in software that does not support raster data. Other surface features can also be extracted with custom applications. This high accuracy data can be used at scales up to 1:12000 (1 inch = 1,000 feet). LiDAR data has a wide range of uses such as earthquake hazard studies, hydrologic modeling, forestry, coastal engineering, roadway and pipeline engineering, flood plain mapping, wetland studies, geologic studies and a variety of analytical and cartographic projects.
        credit:  Please credit the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) for these data. The PSLC is supported by the Puget Sound Regional Council, the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA), the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and numerous partners in local, state, and tribal government.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Diana Martinez
            organisationName:  Puget Sound Lidar Consortium (PSLC)
            positionName:  Senior GIS Analyst, Puget Sound Regional Council
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  206-971-3052
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  1011 Western Avenue, Suite 500
                    city:  Seattle
                    administrativeArea:  WA
                    postalCode:  98104-1035
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  dmartinez@psrc.org
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName:  ftp://ftp.csc.noaa.gov/pub/crs/beachmap/qa_docs/wa/pslc2003/wa2003_pslc_yakima_footprint.kmz
            fileDescription:  This kmz file shows the extent of coverage for the 2003 PSLC Yakima County, WA lidar data set.
            fileType:  kmz
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Topography/Bathymetry
            keyword:  Elevation
            keyword:  Model
            keyword:  LiDAR
            keyword:  LAS
            keyword:  Remote Sensing
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  none
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  US
            keyword:  Puget Sound
            keyword:  Washington
            keyword:  Snohomish County
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  None
                date:
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  These data depict the elevations at the time of the survey and are only accurate for that time. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. Any conclusions drawn from analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA or any of its partners. These data are NOT to be used for navigational purposes.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useLimitation:  While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
        spatialRepresentationType:  (MD_SpatialRepresentationTypeCode) vector
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) elevation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -120.924998
                eastBoundLongitude:  -120.454572
                southBoundLatitude:  46.503111
                northBoundLatitude:  46.615149
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2003-01-01
                    endPosition:  2003-03-01
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  LAZ
            version:
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/OCM > Office for Coastal Management, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  843-740-1200
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        electronicMailAddress:  ocm.info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                orderingInstructions:  The National Geophysical Data Center serves as the archive for this LIDAR data. NGDC should only be contacted for this data if it cannot be obtained from NOAA Coastal Services Center.
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Mike Sutherland
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  303-497-6120
                        facsimile:  303-497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC1 325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  mike.sutherland@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30am-5:00pm Mountain
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                orderingInstructions:  The National Geophysical Data Center serves as the archive for this LIDAR dataset. NGDC should only be contacted for the data if it cannot be obtained from NOAA Coastal Services Center.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Not applicable for pure elevation data: every XY error has an associated Z error.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Puget Sound Lidar Consortium evaluates vertical accuracy with two measures: internal consistency and conformance with independent ground control points. Internal Consistency: Data are split into swaths (separate flightlines), a separate surface is constructed for each flightline, and where surfaces overlap one is subtracted from another. Where both surfaces are planar, this produces a robust measure of the repeatability, or internal consistency, of the survey. The average error calculated by this means, robustly determined from a very large sample, should be a lower bound on the true error of the survey as it doesn't include errors deriving from a number of sources including: 1) inaccurately located base station(s), 2) long-period GPS error, 3) errors in classification of points as ground and not-ground (post-processing), 4) some errors related to interpolation from scattered points to a continous surface (surface generation). Conformance with independent ground control points: Bare-earth surface models are compared to independently-surveyed ground control points (GCPs) where such GCPs are available. The purpose of the ground control evaluation is to assess that the bare earth DEMs meet the vertical accuracy specification in the PSLC contract with TerraPoint: "The accuracy specification in the contract between the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium and TerraPoint is based on a required Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) 'Bare Earth' vertical accuracy of 30 cm for flat areas in the complete data set. This is the required result if all data points in flat areas were evaluated. Because only a small sample of points is evaluated, the required RMSE for the sample set is adjusted downward per the following equation from the FEMA LiDAR specification (adjusted from the 15 cm RMSE in the FEMA specification to 30 cm to accommodate the dense vegetation cover in the Pacific Northwest)." During this step, the bare earth DEMs were compared with existing survey benchmarks. The differences between the LiDAR bare earth DEMs and the survey points are calculated and the final results are first summarized in a graph that illustrates how the dataset behaves as whole. The graph illustrates how close the DEM elevation values were to the ground control points. The individual results were aggregated and used in the RMSE calculations. The results of the RMSE calculations are the measure that makes the data acceptable for this particular specification in the contract.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy
            measureDescription:  Root mean square Z error in open, near-horizontal areas, as specified by contract. Units in meters. Our assessment suggests that all data meet this standard. Accuracy may be significantly less in steep areas and under heavy forest canopy. Accuracy appears to be significantly better for data acquired in early 2003 and afterward, to which in-situ calibration has been applied.
            result:  (DQ_QuantitativeResult)
                valueUnit:
                  BaseUnit:
                    identifier:  meters
                    unitsSystem:
                value:
                  Record:  0.30
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Elevation data has been collected for all areas inside project boundaries.
            result:
        report:  (DQ_ConceptualConsistency)
            measureDescription:  Puget Sound Lidar Consortium evaluates logical consistency of high-resolution lidar elevation data with three tests: examination of file names, file formats, and mean and extreme values within each file; internal consistency of measured Z values in areas where survey swaths overlap; and visual inspection of shaded-relief images calculated from bare-earth models. File names, formats, and values: All file naming convention and file formats are check for consistency. Internal Consistency Analysis: This analysis calculates and displays the internal consistency of tiled multi-swath (many-epoch) LiDAR data. The input for this analysis is the All-return ASCII data, but it only uses the first returns. The data is divided into swaths, or flightlines, and they are compared with each other. Since the contract specifications require 50% sidelaps, it means that all areas should have been flown twice. The results of this analysis is to verify that the data was generally flown to obtain the 50% sidelaps, that there are no gaps between flightlines and also that overlapping flightlines are consistent in elevation values. Visual inspection of shaded-relief images: During the visual inspection, hillshades are derived from the bare earth DEMs. The hillshades are examined for any obvious data errors such as blunders, border artifacts, gaps between data quads, no-data gaps between flight lines, hillscarps, land shifting due to GPS time errors, etc. The data is examined a scale range of 1:4000 to 1:6000. During this process we also compare the data to existing natural features such as lakes and rivers and also to existing infrastructure such as roads. Orthophotos area also used during this phase to confirm data errors. If any of these data errors are found, they are reported to TerraPoint for correction.
            result:
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Acquisition. Lidar data were collected in leaf-off conditions (approximately 1 November - 1 April) from a fixed-wing aircraft flying at a nominal height of 1,000 meters above ground surface. Aircraft position was monitored by differential GPS, using a ground station tied into the local geodetic framework. Aircraft orientation was monitored by an inertial measurement unit. Scan angle and distance to target were measured with a scanning laser rangefinder. Scanning was via a rotating 12-facet pyramidal mirror; the laser was pulsed at 30+ KHz, and for most missions the laser was defocussed to illuminate a 0.9m-diameter spot on the ground. The rangefinder recorded up to 4 returns per pulse. Flying height and airspeed were chosen to result in on-ground pulse spacing of about 1.5 m in the along-swath and across-swath directions. Most areas were covered by two swaths, resulting in a nominal pulse density of about 1 per square meter.
                dateTime:
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Processing. GPS, IMU, and rangefinder data were processed to obtain XYZ coordinates of surveyed points. For data acquired after January 2003, survey data from areas of swath overlap were analysed to obtain best-fit in-situ calibration parameters that minimize misfit between overlapping swaths. This reduces vertical inconsistency between overlapping swaths by about one-half. Heights were translated from ellipsoidal to orthometric (NAVD88) datums via GEOID99
                dateTime:
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  ASCII file generation All Point returns with all their attributes were directly exported into ASCII files. These were first divided into USGS quarter quads (3.25 minute by 3.25 minute) and then in 25 tiles per quarter quad.
                dateTime:
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA Coastal Services Center (CSC) received topographic files in ASCII .TXT format. The files contained lidar elevation measurements. The data were received in Washington State Plane South Zone 4601, NAD83 coordinates and were vertically referenced to NAVD88 using the Geoid99 model. The vertical units of the data were feet. CSC performed the following processing for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes: 1. The ASCII .TXT files were parsed and converted to LAS version 1.2 using LAStools' txt2las tool. 2. Bad elevation values were removed from tiles q46121f8314 and q46121f8119 using LASTools' las2las tool. 3. The topographic las files were converted from orthometric (NAVD88) heights to ellipsoidal heights using Geoid99. 4. The topographic las files were converted from a Projected Coordinate System (WA SP South) to a Geographic Coordinate system (NAD 83). 5. The topographic las files' vertical units were converted from feet to meters. 6. The topographic las files' horizontal units were converted from feet to decimal degrees. 7. The data were converted to LAZ format.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-02-01T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/OCM > Office for Coastal Management, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  843-740-1200
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave.
                            city:  Charleston
                            administrativeArea:  SC
                            postalCode:  29405-2413
                            electronicMailAddress:  ocm.info@noaa.gov
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) received lidar data files via ftp transfer from the NOAA Coastal Services Center. The data are currently being served via NOAA CSC Digital Coast at http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/. The data can be used to re-populate the system. The data are archived in LAS or LAZ format. The LAS format is an industry standard for LiDAR data developed by the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS); LAZ is a loseless compressed version of LAS developed by Martin Isenburg (http://www.laszip.org/). The data are exclusively in geographic coordinates (either NAD83 or ITRF94). The data are referenced vertically to the ellipsoid (either GRS80 or ITRF94), allowing for the ability to apply the most up to date geoid model when transforming to orthometric heights.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-04-25T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Mike Sutherland
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                            voice:  303-497-6120
                            facsimile:  303-497-6513
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC1 325 Broadway
                            city:  Boulder
                            administrativeArea:  CO
                            postalCode:  80305-3328
                            country:  USA
                            electronicMailAddress:  mike.sutherland@noaa.gov
                        hoursOfService:  7:30am-5:00pm Mountain
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        dateOfNextUpdate:  2014-04-25
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata standard (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using the 2013-01-04 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 for LiDAR transform.
        maintenanceNote:  Translated from FGDC 2013-04-25T14:11:21.038-06:00