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2009 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) Topographic LiDAR: San Juan County and Lummi Island, Washington

browse graphicThis kmz file shows the extent of coverage for the 2009 PSLC San Juan County and Lummi Island lidar data.
The dataset encompasses portions of San Juan and Whatcom counties in northwest Washington. The surveyed area is approximately 222 square miles. The LAS V1.1 files are classified into Class 1 (Unclassified) and Class 2 (Bare Earth) water points are included in both classes. The LAS files are all-return and also include intensity measurements. 50% overlap was used between flightines, resulting in each area being surveyed twice. The nominal point spacing of the data is 0.408 meters (6 pt/sq. meter). Watershed Sciences, Inc. collected the LiDAR and created this data set for the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium

Cite this dataset when used as a source.

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    Distribution Formats
    • LAZ
    Distributor DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
    Point of Contact Diana Martinez
    Puget Sound Lidar Consortium (PSLC)
    Associated Resources
    • Lidar Dataset Supplemental Information
    • DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
    • Diana Martinez
      Puget Sound Lidar Consortium (PSLC)
    • DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
    • publication: 2013-02-01
    Data Presentation Form: Digital image
    Dataset Progress Status Complete
    Data Update Frequency: As needed
    Purpose: Provide high resolution terrain elevation and land cover elevation data.
    Use Limitations
    • These data depict the elevations at the time of the survey and are only accurate for that time. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. Any conclusions drawn from analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA or any of its partners. These data are NOT to be used for navigational purposes.
    Time Period: 2009-02-13  to  2009-04-30
    Spatial Reference System: urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269 Ellipsoid in Meters
    Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
    N: 49.002581
    S: 48.413671
    E: -122.577637
    W: -123.203513
    Spatial Coverage Map:
    • Topography/Bathymetry
    • Elevation
    • elevation data
    • Model
    • LiDAR
    • LAS
    • Remote Sensing
    • bare earth
    • bare ground
    • high-resolution
    • US
    • Washington
    • Whatcom County
    • San Juan County
    • Lummi Island
    Use Constraints No constraint information available
    Fees Fee information not available.
    Lineage Statement Lineage statement not available.
    • DOC/NOAA/NOS/CSC > Coastal Services Center, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
    • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
    Processing Steps
    • Acquisition. The LiDAR data was collected between February 13th-17th, 2009 and April 30th, 2009. The survey used a Leica ALS50 Pase II laser system mounted in a Cessna Caravan 208B, and an Optech 3100 laser system mounted in a Cessna Caravan 208B. Near nadir scan angles were used to increase penetration of vegetation to ground surfaces. Ground level GPS and aircraft IMU were collected during the flight.
    • Processing. 1. Flight lines and data were reviewed to ensure complete coverage of the study area and positional accuracy of the laser points. 2. Laser point return coordinates were computed using ALS Post Processor software, IPAS Pro GPS/INS software, REALM survey suite, and PosPac software, based on independent data from the LiDAR system, IMU, and aircraft. 3. The raw LiDAR file was assembled into flight lines per return with each point having an associated x, y, and z coordinate. 4. Visual inspection of swath to swath laser point consistencies within the study area were used to perform manual refinements of system alignment. 5. Custom algorithms were designed to evaluate points between adjacent flight lines. Automated system alignment was computed based upon randomly selected swath to swath accuracy measurements that consider elevation, slope, and intensities. Specifically, refinement in the combination of system pitch, roll and yaw offset parameters optimize internal consistency. 6. Noise (e.g., pits and birds) was filtered using ALS postprocessing software and REALM software tools, based on known elevation ranges and included the removal of any cycle slips. 7. Using TerraScan and Microstation, ground classifications utilized custom settings appropriate to the study area. 8. The corrected and filtered return points were compared to the RTK ground survey points collected to verify the vertical and horizontal accuracies. 9. Points were output as laser points, TINed and GRIDed surfaces.
    • Metadata imported.
    • The NOAA Coastal Services Center (CSC) received classified topographic files in LAS V1.1 format. The files contained lidar elevation measurements. The data were received in Washington State Plane North Zone 4601, NAD83 coordinates and were vertically referenced to NAVD88 using the Geoid03 model. The vertical units of the data were feet. CSC performed the following processing for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes: 1. All elevations below -4 feet were filtered and removed using LasTools' las2las tool. 2. The topographic las files were converted from orthometric (NAVD88) heights to ellipsoidal heights using Geoid03. 3. The topographic las files were converted from a Projected Coordinate System (WA SP North) to a Geographic Coordinate system (NAD 83). 4. The topographic las files' vertical units were converted from feet to meters. 5. The topographic las files' horizontal units were converted from feet to decimal degrees. 6. The data were converted to LAZ format.
    • The NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) received lidar data files via ftp transfer from the NOAA Coastal Services Center. The data are currently being served via NOAA CSC Digital Coast at The data can be used to re-populate the system. The data are archived in LAS or LAZ format. The LAS format is an industry standard for LiDAR data developed by the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS); LAZ is a loseless compressed version of LAS developed by Martin Isenburg ( The data are exclusively in geographic coordinates (either NAD83 or ITRF94). The data are referenced vertically to the ellipsoid (either GRS80 or ITRF94), allowing for the ability to apply the most up to date geoid model when transforming to orthometric heights.

    Metadata Last Modified: 2013-03-28

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