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Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP)

identificationInfo
distributionInfo
dataQualityInfo
metadataMaintenance
acquisitionInformation

 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.ngdc.stp.dmsp:G10021
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        individualName:  DMSP Data Manager
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  303.497.3053
                facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  ngdc.dmsp@noaa.gov
            hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
            contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:  2011-12-21
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP)
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  1992-01-01
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            edition:  First
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  DMSP
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  User Services
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (303) 497-3053
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC 325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ngdc.dmsp@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  User Services
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (303) 497-3053
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC 325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ngdc.dmsp@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  User Services
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (303) 497-3053
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC 325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ngdc.dmsp@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/dmsp/
                        protocol:  http
                        applicationProfile:  web browser
                        name:  Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
                        description:  Home page for DMSP archive, research and products at NGDC
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: http://spidr.ngdc.noaa.gov/spidr/querydmsp.do
                        protocol:  http
                        name:  DMSP Satellite Images Search
                        description:  Search and download data for various DMSP Satellites and their time frames
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
                role:
        abstract:  The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites collect visible and infrared cloud imagery as well as monitoring the atmospheric, oceanographic, hydrologic, cryospheric and near-Earth space environments. The DMSP program maintains a constellation of sun-synchronous, near-polar orbiting satellites. The orbital period is 101 minutes and inclination is 99 degrees. The atmospheric and oceanographic sensors record radiances at visible, infrared and microwave wavelengths. The solar geophysical sensors measure ionospheric plasma fluxes, densities, temperatures and velocities. DMSP visible and infrared imagery of clouds covers a 3,000 km swath, thus each satellite provides global coverage of both day night time conditions each day. The field view of the microwave imagers and sounders is only 1,500 km thus approximately 3 days data are required for one instrument to provide global coverage at equatorial latitudes. The solar geophysical instruments make in-situ measurements of ionospheric parameters, some of which vary very rapidly. The National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) receives the complete DMSP data stream from the Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA), Offutt Air Force Base, Omaha, Nebraska. Data are currently transmitted in near realtime from AFWA directly to NGDC via a designated T1 line. NGDC processing prepares orbital data sets of calibrated, quality assessed data organized as a time-series, restores data lost during transmission,and accurately computes satellite positions. NGDC maintains an archive of all data recorded on DMSP satellites as relayed to NGDC by the Air Force Weather Agency. Data from March 1992 to March 1994, are considered to be experimental. After March 1994, the system was fully operational. NGDC archives contain data that are post process reconstructed, positioned and geolocated using the same software.
        purpose:  Earth and Near-Earth Environment Research
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) underDevelopment
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  DMSP Data Manager
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  303.497.3053
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  ngdc.dmsp@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
                contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) daily
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Water Vapor > Water Vapor
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Clouds
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation
            keyword:  Earth Science > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Fire Occurrence
            keyword:  Earth Science > Hydrosphere > Snow/Ice
            keyword:  Earth Science > Hydrosphere > Surface Water
            keyword:  Earth Science > Hydrosphere > Surface Water > Lakes
            keyword:  Earth Science > Hydrosphere > Surface Water > Rivers/Streams
            keyword:  Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Winds
            keyword:  Earth Science > Oceans > Sea Ice
            keyword:  Earth Science > Spectral/Engineering > Infrared Wavelengths
            keyword:  Earth Science > Spectral/Engineering > Microwave
            keyword:  Earth Science > Spectral/Engineering > Microwave > Brightness Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Spectral/Engineering > Visible Wavelengths
            keyword:  Earth Science > Sun-earth Interactions > Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles
            keyword:  Earth Science > Sun-earth Interactions > Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles > Electron Flux
            keyword:  Earth Science > Sun-earth Interactions > Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles > Particle Density
            keyword:  Earth Science > Sun-earth Interactions > Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles > Particle Speed
            keyword:  Earth Science > Sun-earth Interactions > Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles > Particle Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Sun-earth Interactions > Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles > Proton Flux
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DMSP
            keyword:  Global Change
            keyword:  Meteorological Satellites
            keyword:  Polar Orbiters
            keyword:  Satellite Meteorology
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Uncontrolled Keywords
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  WDC/STP, BOULDER > World Data Center for Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Boulder
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Data Center Keywords
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Global
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Location Keywords
                date:
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use Constraints: None
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Access Constraints: US Air Force
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) geoscientificInformation
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -180
                eastBoundLongitude:  180
                southBoundLatitude:  -90
                northBoundLatitude:  90
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1975-04-01
                    endPosition:
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  ASCII
            version:
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  DMSP Data Manager
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  303.497.3053
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ngdc.dmsp@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
                    contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  Free download
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://spidr.ngdc.noaa.gov/spidr/querydmsp.do
                protocol:  http
                name:  DMSP Satellite Images Search
                description:  Search and download data for various DMSP Satellites and their time frames
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/dmsp/
                protocol:  http
                applicationProfile:  web browser
                name:  Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
                description:  Home page for DMSP archive, research and products at NGDC
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://spidr.ngdc.noaa.gov/spidr/querydmsp.do
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/dmsp/
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MX_ScopeCode) platformSeries
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  Mission History
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Mission Start Date
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  1992-03-01T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata standard (version FGDC-STD-012-2002) using the 2012-11-07 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 transform.
        maintenanceNote:  Translated from FGDC 2014-01-31T19:22:38.877-07:00
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  DMSP Data Manager
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  303.497.3053
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  ngdc.dmsp@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
                contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  OLS (Operational Linescan System), is the primary sensor on each satellite. The OLS instrument consists of two telescopes and a photomultiplier tube (PMT). The detectors sweep back and forth in a "whiskbroom" fashion (a "flying spot design" is employed - a subset of whiskbroom scanners). The continuous analog signal is sampled at a constant rate so the Earth-located centers of each pixel are roughly equidistant, i.e., 0.5 km apart, 7,325 pixels are digitized in the cross-track direction.
            type:  Detectors
            description:  Collection Type: Whiskbroom, Collection Description: Unknown
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  SSM/I (Special Sensor Microwave Imager). The SSM/I is a seven-channel, four-frequency, linearly-polarized, passive microwave radiometer (a total-power instrument configuration) which measures atmospheric, ocean, and terrain microwave brightness temperatures (similar to NIMBUS-7 SMMR) which are converted into environmental parameters such as: sea surface winds, rain rates, cloud water, precipitation, soil moisture, ice edge, and ice age. SMM/I data is used to obtain synoptic maps of critical atmospheric, oceanographic and selected land parameters on a global scale. The footprint of SSM/I data is a 1400 km swath (conical scan).
            type:  Microwave Radiometer
            description:  Collection Type: Unknown, Collection Description: Unknown
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  SSM/T (Special Sensor Microwave Temperature Sounder). The SSM/T is a seven channel passive microwave sounder consisting of a rotating 7 step antenna reflector (rotating once every 32 seconds), a Dicke-switched seven channel radiometer, a digitizer, and signal processor. It measures the Earth's surface and atmospheric emission in the 50 to 60 GHz oxygen band. The SMM/T is a cross-track nadir scanning radiometer having a FOV of 14.4A?. At nominal altitude (833 km) the subtrack spatial resolution is an approximate circle of 174 km diameter at nadir elongating to an ellipse of 305 x 313 km at the extreme viewing angles toward the limb. There are seven total cross-track scan positions separated by 12A? with a maximum cross-track scan angle of 36A?. Swath width = 1500 km (data coverage gap between successive orbits). The SSM/T is a step and stare type sensor which dwells on each of the seven scene stations, then observes a cold (3 K) reference, followed by a warm (300 K) reference.
            type:  Sensor
            description:  Collection Type: Unknown, Collection Description: Unknown
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  SSM/T2 (Special Sensor Microwave Water Vapor Profiler-2). The instrument is a cross-track scanning, five channel, passive total power microwave radiometer system which consists of a single, self-contained module with a step-scan motion in the cross-track direction of A? 40.5A?. The SSM/T2 scan mechanism is synchronized with the SSM/T so that the beam cell patterns of the two sensors coincide. The observation rate is 7.5 scans/minute. There are 28 observations (beam positions) per scan for each of the five channels, with each observation having a spatial resolution of about 48 km. All five channels have coincident centers. The swath width is about 1500 km.
            type:  Water Vapor Profiler
            description:  Collection Type: Unknown, Collection Description: Unknown
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  SSJ/4 (Precipitation Electron/Proton Spectrometer) Objective: Measurement of transfer energy, mass, and momentum of charged particles through the magnetosphere-ionosphere in the Earth's magnetic field. The instrument looks toward the satellite zenith. - The SSJ/4 sensor consists of four electrostatic analyzers that record the flux of precipitating ions or electrons at 20 fixed energy channels between 30 eV and 30 keV. The curved plate detectors allow precipitating electrons and ions to enter through an aperture of about 20 x 10 (FWHM). Electrons and ions of the selected energy are deflected toward the target by an imposed electric field applied across the two plates. The two low energy detectors consist of 10 channels centered at 34, 49, 71, 101, 150, 218, 320, 460, 670, and 960 eV. The high energy detector measures particles in 10 channels centered at 1.0, 1.4, 2.1, 3.0, 4.4, 6.5, 9.5, 14.0, 20.5 and 29.5 KeV. Each detector integrates each channel for 0.09 s from high energy channel to low. A complete cycle is sampled each second. The primary sources of the particles precipitating into the upper atmosphere are the northern and southern auroral zones.
            type:  Spectrometer
            description:  Collection Type: Unknown, Collection Description: Unknown
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  SSI/ES (Special Sensor Ionospheric Plasma Drift/Scintillation Monitor) Objective: Measurement of the ambient electron density and temperatures, the ambient ion density, and the average ion temperature and molecular weight at the DMSP orbital altitude. The instrument consists of an electron sensor (Langmuir probe) and an ion sensor mounted on a 2.5 meter boom. The ion sensor is a planar aperture, planar collector sensor oriented to face the spacecraft velocity vector at all times. In addition to the Langmuir probe and planar collector which make up the SSI/E, the SSI/ES has a plasma drift meter and a scintillation meter.
            type:  Plasma Drift Meter and a Scintillation Meter
            description:  Collection Type: Unknown, Collection Description: Unknown
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  SSM (Special Sensor Magnetometer), a triaxial fluxgate magnetometer. The SSM measures geomagnetic fluctuations associated with solar geophysical phenomena (i.e., ionospheric currents flowing at high latitudes). In combination with the SSI/ES and the SSJ/4, the SSM provides heating and electron density profiles in the high-latitude ionosphere. SSM takes and reports 12 readings/s for the Y and Z axes. Only 10 readings of the 12 readings per second are reported for the X axis due to telemetry limitations. The SSM's axes are aligned with the spacecraft's axes where X is downward and aligned to local vertical within 0.01 degree, Y is parallel to the velocity vector for spacecraft with ascending node in the afternoon/evening sector, and Z is away from the solar panel and anti-parallel to the orbit normal vector.) The measurement range is A?65535 nT for each axis, with a one-bit resolution of 2 nT. Note: The magnetic field has three sources: 1) the magnetic field from the solid Earth, 2) the magnetic field from electrical currents flowing in the ionosphere and magnetosphere, and 3) the magnetic field from the spacecraft. Measurement of source 2 is the principal objective of the SSM, the measurement of source 1 is a secondary objective, and measurement of source 3 is a nuisance which is eliminated from the data as much as possible during data processing
            type:  Magnetometer
            description:  Collection Type: Unknown, Collection Description: Unknown
        operation:  (MI_Operation)
            identifier:
            status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
            parentOperation:
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F12 (DMSP 5D-2/F12)
            description:
            instrument:
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F13 (DMSP 5D-2/F13)
            description:
            instrument:
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F14 (DMSP 5D-2/F14)
            description:
            instrument:
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F15 (DMSP 5D-2/F15)
            description:
            instrument:
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F16 (DMSP 5D-2/F16)
            description:
            instrument:
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F17 (DMSP 5D-2/F17)
            description:
            instrument:
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Defense Meteorological Satellite Program F18 (DMSP 5D-2/F18)
            description:
            instrument: