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POES Space Environment Monitor, Energetic Particles
 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.ngdc.sem:poes_sem_g00188
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        individualName:  Daniel C. Wilkinson
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  (303) 497-6137
                facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305-3328
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  Daniel.C.Wilkinson@noaa.gov
            hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
            contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:  2011-08-19
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  POES Space Environment Monitor, Energetic Particles
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  1978-11-01
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            edition:  First
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:
                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5JS9NC6
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  Colorado
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  National Weather Service (NWS)
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC)
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/satellite/poes/
                        protocol:  http
                        name:  NOAA / POES Space Environment Monitor
                        description:  Information on POES
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:
        abstract:  The TIROS/NOAA satellite series, also known as POES, is designed to meet the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's need for operational, remote sensing products for numerical weather and space environment forecasts. The TIROS designation represents the experimental classification of a new instrument configuration while NOAA represents the operational classification. For January 1979 through present, the National Geophysical Data Center archives data from the POES Space Environment Monitor instrument. Subcomponents of the SEM include: HEPAD (High Energy Proton and Alpha Detector), MEPAD (Medium Energy) and TED (Total Energy) data from TIROS and NOAA satellites. The satellites are in sun-synchronous orbits at 850 kilometers altitude, an orbital period of 102 minutes and an inclination of 99 degrees. The orbital plane is tilted toward the sun in the Northern Hemisphere. Usually, two satellites are operational at all times.NOAA's Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites (POES) (formerly known as TIROS for Television and InfraRed Observation Satellite) carry a suite of instruments that detect and monitor the influx of energetic ions and electrons into the atmosphere and the particle radiation environment at the altitude of the satellite. Both phenomena vary as a result of solar and geomagnetic activity. Beginning with the NOAA-15 satellite, an upgraded version of the Space Environment Monitor (SEM-2) is being flown. A number of SEM-2 instruments have been procured and it is anticipated that the SEM-2 instruments will be included on the NOAA/POES satellites until superceded by the NPOESS satellite program sometime after 2010.Because the SEM-2 instruments differ significantly from the earlier SEM-1, there has been a complete revision to the data processing and archiving process. A number of improvements have also been included. Among these are incorporating up-to-date satellite orbit information and magnetic field models in the calculation of various magnetic coordinates, and improved data quality control.The Total Energy Detector (TED) is designed to measure the energy flux carried by auroral particles, both positively charged ions (assumed here to be protons) and electrons, into the polar atmosphere. The magnitude and spatial extent of this energy flux are good measures of both the level of auroral activity and the atmospheric response to that energy input.The Medium Energy Proton and Electron Detector (MEPED) includes a set of solid-state energetic particle detectors that monitor the intensities of protons and electrons over a range extending from 30 keV to more than 200 MeV. Particles having those energies include the radiation belt (Van Allen belt) populations, the particles in energetic solar particle events (solar proton events), and the low energy portion of the galactic cosmic ray population. Enhanced fluxes of these particles entering the atmosphere can produce significant and widespread degradation in short-wave radio propagation; in extreme cases even radio blackouts. The energetic particles also contribute to astronaut radiation exposure, especially on high inclination orbit missions during energetic solar particle events.
        purpose:  Measure the particle radiation environment along the POES orbit path. This environment is representative of that encountered by the vast number of satellite in Low-Earth Orbit (LEO).
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) underDevelopment
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Daniel C. Wilkinson
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-6137
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  Daniel.C.Wilkinson@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
                contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) monthly
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Solar Physics
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLAR PHYSICS > Solar Energetic Particles > Electron Flux
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLAR PHYSICS > Solar Energetic Particles > Energetic Particles
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLAR PHYSICS > Solar Energetic Particles > Particle Flux
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLAR PHYSICS > Solar Activity > Solar Events
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLAR PHYSICS > Solar Activity > Solar Flares
            keyword:  NOAA/TIROS
            keyword:  Particle Detector
            keyword:  Charged Particle
            keyword:  Magnetometer
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Uncontrolled Keywords as used in GCMD DIF
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  WDC/STP, BOULDER > World Data Center for Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Boulder
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Data Center Keywords
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Location: Global
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Uncontrolled Keywords GCMD
                date:
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useLimitation:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (1978): POES Space Environment Monitor, Energetic Particles. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5JS9NC6 [access date]
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use Constraints: None
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Access Constraints: No Constraints
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) geoscientificInformation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -180.000000
                eastBoundLongitude:  180.000000
                southBoundLatitude:  -90.000000
                northBoundLatitude:  90.000000
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1978-11-01
                    endPosition:
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  ASCII
            version:
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Daniel C. Wilkinson
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (303) 497-6137
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  Daniel.C.Wilkinson@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
                    contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  Contact data center for information
                orderingInstructions:  Ordering Instructions: Price information is available upon request. Custom Order Process: Contact data center for information
                turnaround:  4 Days
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            transferSize:
              Real:  30399.400000
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/satellite/poes/
                protocol:  http
                name:  POES SEM Data
                description:  Index to the data to be downloaded
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/satellite/poes/
                name:  NGDC's POES Space Weather Home Page
                description:  NGDC's POES Space Weather Home Page
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            offLine:  (MD_Medium)
                name:  (MD_MediumNameCode) cdRom
                mediumFormat:  (MD_MediumFormatCode) iso9660
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata standard (version FGDC-STD-012-2002) using the 2012-11-07 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 transform.
        maintenanceNote:  Translated from FGDC 2014-01-31T20:51:04.402-07:00
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Daniel C. Wilkinson
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-6137
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  Daniel.C.Wilkinson@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
                contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact