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Aurorae Data

identificationInfo
distributionInfo
metadataMaintenance

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    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.ngdc.stp.solar:G00594
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        individualName:  Solar Data Manager
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  303.497.6133 or 303.497.6323
                facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
            hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
            contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:  2011-11-17
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Aurorae Data
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  1957
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            edition:  First
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (comp.)
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  WDC/STP, BOULDER > World Data Center for Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Boulder
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
        abstract:  An aurora involves emitted electromagnetic radiation that results primarily from the interaction of energetic, extra-atmospheric particles with the neutral gases of the upper atmosphere. These emissions extend from the ultraviolet to the infrared. The portion of the emitted electromagnetic radiation that is visible to the human eye is referred to as the visual aurora. One visible aurora form, which indicates the occurrence or non-occurrence of auroras without any reference to form or brightness, is known as a visoplot. With geomagnetic latitude as ordinate and universal time as abscissa, various symbols are used to indicate whether, at a certain location, an aurora is observed or is estimated to be overhead, to the north, or to the south. This is done for each of eight 45 degree geomagnetic longitude sectors. Magnetic activity index values, KP, are given for 3-hour periods. Northern and southern hemisphere visoplots for the IGY period are contained in volume 29 of the annals of the International Geophysical Year. Another form that shows the auroral geometry and the geomagnetic latitude and longitude of a display at each hour of universal time is the synoptic auroral map on polar projection. By use of various symbols, these maps show the location of veils, patches, arcs. rays and bands. Also given is the value of KP for that particular time. These maps are available on microfilm from the National Geophysical Data Center or World Data Center A, Boulder, for certain time periods. Northern hemisphere maps are available for 1964, 1965, 1967 and 1968. Southern hemisphere maps can be obtained for the years 1964 and 1965. A similar form for displaying auroral data from the US and Canada is the North American map. This type of map is not on polar projection, but it does indicate the locations and forms of observed aurora. A large number of these maps are held at NGDC Boulder and the available time periods can be obtained upon inquiry. "Observers' reports are also available in digital form.Aurora is electromagnetic radiation emitted primarily from the interaction of energetic, extra-atmospheric particles with the neutral gases of the upper atmosphere. These emissions extend from the ultraviolet to the infrared. The portion of the emitted electromagnetic radiation that is visible to the human eye is referred to as the visual aurora. The visible aurora are due primarily to the interaction of energetic particles with the oxygen and nitrogen gases of the upper atmosphere. The important emissions in the visible region are the discrete green (5577A) and red (6300-6364A) lines of atomic oxygen and the molecular bands of ionized molecular nitrogen in the blue and neutral molecular nitrogen in the red regions of the spectrum.
        purpose:  To provide long-term scientific data stewardship for the Nation's geophysical data, ensuring quality, integrity, and accessibility.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Solar Data Manager
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  303.497.6133 or 303.497.6323
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
                contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) notPlanned
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Earth Science > Sun-Earth Interactions > Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Dynamics > Aurorae
            keyword:  Earth Science > Sun-Earth Interactions > Solar Energetic Particle Properties > Energy Deposition
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2007-04
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                edition:  Version 6.0.0.0.0
                editionDate:  2007-04
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NASA/GSFC/SED/ESD/GCDC/GCMD > Global Change Master Directory, Global Change Data Center, Earth Sciences Division, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA
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                            linkage: http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/Resources/valids/archives/keyword_list.html
                            protocol:  http
                            applicationProfile:  web browser
                            name:  GCMD Keywords, Version 6.0.0.0.0
                            description:  Thesuarus for earth science keywords and associated directories hosted and maintained by NASA.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Aurora
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Uncontrolled Keywords
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  WDC/STP, BOULDER > World Data Center for Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Boulder
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Data Center Keywords
                date:
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Space > Earth Magnetic Field > Magnetosphere (other)
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Location Keywords
                date:
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Access Constraints: No Constraints Use Constraints: None Distribution Liability: While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) geoscientificInformation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1957-01-01
                    endPosition:  1984-11-20
        supplementalInformation:  This archive includes data from:Inventory of Aurorae data -- pages from Report UAG-30 Catalogue of Data on Solar-Terrestrial PhysicsTable of Contents -- Report UAG-28 Collected Data Reports on Aug 1972 Solar-Terrestrial EventsSolar Activity, Aurorae and Climate in Central Europe in the last 1000 Years by L. Krivsky and K. Pejml (1988) and "Supplement of the Catalogue of Polar Aurorae less than 55N in the Period 1000-1900"
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  ASCII
            version:
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Solar Data Manager
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  303.497.6133 or 303.497.6323
                        facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
                    contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  Free download
                orderingInstructions:  Ordering Instructions: Data is downloadable Custom Order Process: Contact data center for information
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  $25.00 plus handling and shipping outside the USA
                orderingInstructions:  Non-Digital Form: Slide Set: "Auroras Australis (Southern Lights)"Twenty spectacular slides taken by David Miller from Kangaroo Island, Southern Australia during intense solar activity. These wonderful pictures show breathtaking colors and forms of auroras, framed against landscapes and a backdrop of stars. Ordering Instructions: Product may be ordered via our online store at: http://ols.nndc.noaa.gov/plolstore/plsql/olstore.prodspecific?prodnum=G01250-SLI-A0001 Custom Order Process: Contact data center for information
                turnaround:  4 days
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  $25.00 plus handling and shipping outside the USA
                orderingInstructions:  Non-Digital Form: Slide Set: "Aurora and Other Lights Viewed from Space"Auroras & Other Lights Viewed from Space is a set of 52 slides illustrating auroral variability and other nocturnal lights viewed from space. 35mm imagery from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program taken between 1973 and 1977. B&W Ordering Instructions: Product may be ordered via our online store at: http://ols.nndc.noaa.gov/plolstore/plsql/olstore.prodspecific?prodnum=G01249-SLI-A0001 Custom Order Process: Contact data center for information
                turnaround:  4 days
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            transferSize:
              Real:  55.2
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/SOLAR/ftpaurorae.html
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage:  ftp://ftp.ngdc.noaa.gov/STP/SOLAR_DATA/AURORAE
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/SOLAR/ftpaurorae.html
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage:  ftp://ftp.ngdc.noaa.gov/STP/SOLAR_DATA/AURORAE
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) annually
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata standard version FGDC-STD-012-2002 using the June 2011 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 transform. The Spatial Reference Information is not currently mapped over to ISO but will be mapped in future versions.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Solar Data Manager
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  303.497.6133 or 303.497.6323
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC2 325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  solar.ngdc@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  7:30 - 4:30 Mountain
                contactInstructions:  Contact Data Center
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian