THE FUTURE OF THE AVHRR
AVHRR already has two successors in various stages of design and development. The names for these systems change fairly frequently, so are inappropriate for mention here. A transitional sensor plans to split Channel 3 into daytime and nighttime sensors, but otherwise remain largely similar to the current AVHRR. Refined channel allocations and design are planned for the two full generations of successors to AVHRR.
The MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS), planned for the Earth Observing System later this decade, is intended to have slightly higher spatial resolution, and 64 spectral channels. It is intended to be a narrower image area, with a nadir-and tilt-pointing capability, to enable it to view in along-track stereo.
Several other experimental or commercial systems of moderate resolution have reached the drawing-board stage. It is safe to assume that desires will continue for adapting some of the more popular applications of AVHRR to more specialized systems.
Allison, L.J., and E.A. Neil, 1962. Final Report on the TIROS 1 Meteorological Satellite System; NASA Technical Report R-131, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland.
Barnes, J.C., land M. D. Smallwood, 1982. TIROS-N Series Direct Readout Services Users Guide; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington, D.C.
Carroll, T.R., J.V. Baglio Jr.. Verdin, and E.W. Holroyd III, 1989. Operational mapping of snow cover in the United States and Canada using airborne and satellite data. Pro. 1989 Int. Geosci. Rem. Sens. Symposium and 12th Canada. Symp. on Rem. Sens., July, 1989, Vancouver, B.C., Canada.
Cornillon, P., C. Gilman, L. Stramma, O. Brown, R. Evans, and J. Brown, 1987. Processing and analysis of large volumes of satellite-derived thermal infra-red data. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 92, pp. 12,993-13,002.
Dozier, J., S.R.Schneider, and D.F. McGinnis, 1981. Effect of grain size and snowpack water equivalence on visible and near-infrared satellite observations of snow. Water Resources Re- search,, Vol. 17, pp. 1213-1221.
Emery, W. J., C. Fowler, J. Hawkins, and R. Preller, 1991a. Satellite image inferred sea ice motion in Fram Strait, the Greenland Sea and the Barents Sea. J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 96, pp. 4751-4768.
Emery, W.J., M. Radebaugh, C. Fowler, D. Cavalieri, and K. Steffen, 1991b. A comparison of sea ice parameters computed from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and LANDSAT satellite imagery, and from airborne passive microwave radiometry. J. Geophys. Res.. Vol. 96, pp. 22075-22085.
Emery, W.J., and P. Schluessel, 1989. Global differences between skin and bulk sea surface temperatures. EOS, Vol. 70, pp. 210-211.
Emery, W.J., A.C. Thomas, M.J. Collins, W.R. Crawford, and D.L. Mackas, 1986. Comparison between satellite derived advective velocities, 15/110 db dynamic topography and the tracks of surface drifters. EOS, Vol. 67 (color cover), pp. 498-499.
Evans, R.H., K.S. Baker, O.B. Brown, and R.C. Smith, 1985. Chronology of warm-core ring 82B. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 90, pp. 8803-8811.
Fusco, Luigi, Keith Muirhead, and Garry Tobiss, 1989. Earthnet's co-ordination scheme for AVHRR data; International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, pp. 625-636.
Gagliardini, D.A., 1989. Primier SELPER Symposio AVHRR. Sociedad de Especialistas Latinoamericanos en Percepcion Remota; Av. Cordoba 744-2 Piso "O", (1054) Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Goward, S.N., D. Dye, A. Kerber, and V. Kalb, 1987. Comparison of North and South American biomass from AVHRR observations. Geocarto International, Vol. pp. 27-39.
Hastings, D.A. 1988. AVHRR Stereography, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, Vol. 54, Cover and p.105.
Hastings, D.A., W.J. Emery, R.L. Weaver, W.J. Fischer, and J. W. Ramsay (editors), 1987. Proceedings, North American NOAA Polar Orbiter Users Group, First Meeting; NOAA National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder, Colorado.
Hille, R.J., J.L. van Burgel, M.J. Lynch, and A.J. Prata, 1986. Application of NOAA satellite data to the study of tropical cyclones; First Australian AVHRR Conference, Proceedings, pp. 108-115.
ITT, 1982, AVHRR/2 Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Technical Description. Prepared by ITT Aerospace/Optical Division, Ft. Wayne, Indiana, for NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, under NASA Contract No. NAS5-26771.
Karlsson, K.G., 1989. Development of an operational cloud classification model. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, pp. 687-693.
Kidwell, K.B., ed., 1990. Global Vegetation Index Users Guide; NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC/SDSD, Washington, DC.
Kidwell, K.B., 1991. NOAA Polar Orbiter Data Users Guide; NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC/SDSD, Washington, D.C.
Kidwell, Katherine B., comp. and ed., 1995, NOAA Polar Orbiter Data (TIROS-N, NOAA-6, NOAA-7, NOAA-8, NOAA-9, NOAA-10, NOAA-11, NOAA-12, and NOAA-14) Users Guide: Washington, D.C., NOAA/NESDIS.
Matson, M., 1984. The 1982 El Chichon volcano eruptions - satellite perspective. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 23, pp. 1-10.
Ninnis, R.N., W.J. Emery, and M.J. Collins, 1986. Automated extraction of sea ice motion from AVHRR imagery. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 91, pp. 10725-10734.
Ohring, G., K. Gallo, A. Gruber, W. Planet, L. Stowe, and J.D. Tarpley, 1989. Climate and global change: Characteristics of NOAA satellite data, EOS Transactions American Geophysical Union, Vol. 70, pp. 889, 891, 894, and 901.
Prata, A.J., (editor), 1986. 1st Australian AVHRR Conference, Proceedings; Communications Group, CSIRO Division of Groundwater Research, Perth, Western Australia.
_____, (editor), 1989. Observations of volcanic ash clouds in the 10-12 micrometer window using AVHRR/2 data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, pp. 751-761.
Sakamoto, C., G. Johnson, A. van Dijk, and S. LeDuc, 1987. Application of NOAA polar orbiter data for operational agricultural assessment; Proceedings, North American NOAA Polar Orbiter Users Group First Meeting, NOAA National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder, Colorado, pp. 134-160.
Saunders, R.W., 1988. Cloud top temperature/height; A high resolution imagery product from AVHRR. Meteorological Magazine, Vol. 117, pp. 211-221.
Schluessel, P., 1989. Satellite-derived low-level atmospheric water vapour content from synergy of AVHRR and HIRS. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, pp. 705-721.
Schluessel, P., W. J. Emery, H. Grassl, and T. Mammen, 1990. On the skin-bulk temperature difference and its impact on satellite remote sensing of sea surface temperature. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 95, pp. 13,341-13,356.
Schluessel, P., H.Y. Shin, W.J. Emery, and H. Grassl, 1987. Comparison of satellite derived sea surface temperatures with in situ skin measurements. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 92, pp. 2859-2874.
Schwalb, A., 1978. The TIROS-N/NOAA A-G Satellite Series; NOAA Technical Memorandum NESS 95, Washington, D.C.
--------, 1982. Modified version of the TIROS N/NOAA A-G Satellite Series (NOAA E-J) - Advanced TIROS N (ATN); NOAA Technical Memorandum NESS 116, Washington, D.C.
Scorer, R.S., 1989. Cloud reflectance variations in channels-3. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, pp. 675-686.
Thomas, I.L, R.W. Saunders, and D.L. Croom (editors), 1989. Applications of AVHRR Data; Special Issue of the International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, pp. 597-936.
Tucker, C.J., C.L. Vanpraet, M.J. Sharman, and G. van Ittersum, 1985. Satellite remote sensing of total herbaceous biomass production in the Senegalese Sahel: 1980-19984. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 17. 233-249.
Tucker, C.J., B.N. Holben, J.H. Elgin, and J.E. McMurtrey, 1981. Remote sensing of total dry matter accumulation in winter wheat. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 13, pp. 461,
Tucker, C.J., and P.J. Sellers, 1986. Satellite remote sensing of primary production. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 7, p. 139.
Tucker, C.J., I.Y. Fung, C.D. Keeling, and R.H. Gammon, 1086. Relationship between atmospheric CO2 variations and a satellite-derived vegetation index. Nature, Vol. 319, pp. 195-199.
Turner, J., and D.E. Warren, 1989. Cloud track winds in the polar regions from sequences of AVHRR images. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, pp. 695-703.
Weaks, M., 19987. LAC Scheduling; Proceedings of the North American Polar Orbiter Users Group, First Meeting; available from the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder, Colorado, pp. 63-70.
Winiger, M., M. Heeb, G. Nejedly, and C. Roesselet, 1989. Regional boundary layer airflow patterns
derived from digital NOAA-AVHRR data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 10,
HISTORY OF WEATHER SATELLITES
THE AVHRR SENSOR
DATA INGEST, PROCESSING, AND DISTRIBUTION
OPERATIONAL AVHRR DATA PRODUCTS
DIRECT READOUT OF AVHRR DATA
APPLICATIONS OF AVHRR DATA
SOME EFFECTS OF THE SATELLITE SYSTEM ON APPLICATIONS
Entire paper (a bit long at 45 kilobytes)
Back to Global Climatologies from AVHRR Home Page