ETOPO1 Global Relief Model
ETOPO1 is a 1 arc-minute global relief model of Earth's surface that integrates land topography and ocean bathymetry. It was built from numerous global and regional data sets, and is available in "Ice Surface" (top of Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets) and "Bedrock" (base of the ice sheets) versions. Historic ETOPO2v2 and ETOPO5 global relief grids are deprecated but still available.
NGDC has utilized the ETOPO1 Global Relief Model to calculate the volumes of the world's oceans and to derive a hypsographic curve of Earth's surface.
Color Image of EarthA color shaded-relief image of Earth from ETOPO1 Ice Surface, created by NGDC, is displayed above. The image is downloadable as a georeferenced TIFF or KMZ file, and available for NOAA's Science On a Sphere®. It is also viewable in web browsers at ArcGIS.com. The image was created with Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) using three color palettes: blues for ocean depths and above sea-level lakes; greens and browns for dry land areas; and shades of white for the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets, and other glaciers greater than 100 km2 using the GLIMS Glacier Database at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). Image authors are J. Varner and E. Lim, CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder.
Atlantic-centered and Pacific-centered wall posters of ETOPO1 are now available. Poster author is P. Grothe, University of Colorado at Boulder, now with Georgia Institute of Technology.
Available Versions of the Grid
Available Registrations [more about grid registration]
Horizontal DatumThe horizontal datum of ETOPO1 is WGS 84 geographic.
Vertical DatumThe vertical datum of ETOPO1 is sea level. More specific vertical datums, such as mean sea level, mean high water, and mean low water, differ by less than the vertical accuracy of ETOPO1 (~10 meters at best), and are therefore effectively equivalent.
Download Whole-World Grids [View ETOPO1 Metadata]
How to Cite ETOPO1:Amante, C. and B.W. Eakins, 2009. ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: Procedures, Data Sources and Analysis. NOAA Technical Memorandum NESDIS NGDC-24. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5C8276M [access date].