Dst (Disturbance Storm Time) equivalent equatorial magnetic disturbance indices are derived from hourly scalings of low-latitude horizontal magnetic variation. They show the effect of the globally symmetrical westward flowing high altitude equatorial ring current, which causes the "main phase" depression worldwide in the H-component field during large magnetic storms. This diskette contains the hourly indices for the period 1 Jan 1957 through 30 Sep 1992, as derived by M. Sugiura and T. Kamei, WDC-C2 for Geomagnetism, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606, Japan.
Hourly H-component magnetic variations are analyzed to remove annual secular change trends
from records of a worldwide array of low-latitude observatories. A cosine factor of the site
latitude transforms residual variations to their equatorial equivalents and harmonic analysis
isolates the term used as the Dst index. Sugiura described Dst derivation in ANNALS OF THE IGY.
Students interested in learning more about geomagnetism may be interested in a set of
DOS Utility Programs.
To view data from the Dst Index, please visit the WDC Kyoto Observatory.