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Bathymetry of Lake Michigan

browse graphicLake Michigan preview image
Bathymetry of Lake Michigan has been compiled as a component of a NOAA project to rescue Great Lakes lake floor geological and geophysical data and make it more accessible to the public. The project is a cooperative effort between investigators at the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center's Marine Geology & Geophysics Division (NGDC/MGG) and the NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL). was compiled utilizing the entire historic sounding data base. This bathymetry resolves physiography of the lake floor to an extent that known features are revealed more accurately and features never before seen are revealed for the first time. Bathymetry has been compiled using the entire array of good-quality historical hydrographic soundings collected in support of nautical charting over a 120-year period by the NOAA National Ocean Service and its predecessor agency for Great Lakes surveying, the Army Corps of Engineers. More than 600,000 bathymetric soundings were employed, of which approximately 60 per cent were already in digital form, 25 per cent were digitized in conjunction with this effort, and the remaining 15 per cent were available only on paper survey sheets. Bathymetry was compiled at a scale of 1:250,000, with a contour interval of 5 meters. Density of tracklines is generally about 2000m for the open lake and ranges from 200m to 600m for nearshore areas. Soundings collected since 1903 were already reduced to the Lake Michigan mean low water datum; these were used for bathymetric contouring without further calibration or adjustments. Soundings collected prior to 1903 were reduced to the mean low water datum. In preparation for bathymetric contouring, digital soundings were converted to metric units and plotted in color; separate colors were assigned to the various depth ranges. From the paper sheets, contours in metric units were generated directly on overlays; these contours were then reduced to the compilation scale of 1:250,000 and incorporated into the map. Compilation sheets were then scanned and vectorized; and the resulting digital vector bathymetric contour data were used to generate the imagery shown on the large color plate. Images were constructed using the publicly-available software Generic Mapping Tools (GMT).
Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center, 1996. Bathymetry of Lake Michigan. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5B85627 [access date].
Download Data
Distribution Formats
  • Great Lakes Bathymetric contours shapefile format
  • ASCII xyz
  • ASCII raster
  • GRD98 binary raster format
  • JPEG
  • PDF
  • ARC/INFO interchange format
  • Binary Float
  • GeoTiff
  • NetCDF
Distributor DEM Information
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
dem.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact DEM Information
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
dem.info@noaa.gov
Time Period: Unknown to Unknown
Spatial Reference System: urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269Local Lake datum
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
N: 46.09
S: 41.62
E: -84.50
W: -88.00
Dataset Information
  • Bathymetry of Lake Michigan
    This bathymetry of Lake Michigan provides a detailed look at the lake floor topography and serves as a GIS base layer for many applications.
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • Great Lakes Bathymetry Project
    • Bathymetric Data Viewer (search)
      The Bathymetric Data Viewer is an interactive map providing discovery, descriptions, and download capability for bathymetric survey data and digital elevation models archived at NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
    • DEM text search (search)
      Text search for locating completed and planned DEMs.
Date(s)
  • publication: 1996-01-01
Edition: First
Dataset Progress Status Complete
Data Update Frequency: As needed
Supplemental Information:
Supplemental information regarding spatial reference. Contours are vertically referenced to lake levels.
Purpose: Scientific Research, Commercial Exploration, Fishing, Policy and Decision-making
Use Limitations
  • Not to be used for navigation. Although these data are of high quality and useful for planning and modeling purposes, they are not suitable for navigation. For navigation, please refer to the NOS nautical chart series.
  • Produced by the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center. Not subject to copyright protection within the United States.
Dataset Citation Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center, 1996. Bathymetry of Lake Michigan. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5B85627 [access date].
Originator(s)
  • NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Lab
  • NOAA National Ocean Service
  • Canadian Hydrographic Service
Custodian(s)
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publisher(s)
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • Earth Science > Terrestrial Hydrosphere > Surface Water > Surface Water Features > Lakes/Reservoirs
  • Earth Science > Terrestrial Hydrosphere > Surface Water > Surface Water Features > Water Channels
  • Earth Science > Terrestrial Hydrosphere > Surface Water > Surface Water Processes/Measurements > Water Depth
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Bathymetry
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Water Depth
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Water Depth
  • EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > Ocean/Lake Records > Sediments
  • EARTH SCIENCE > PALEOCLIMATE > Ocean/Lake Records > Stratigraphic Sequence
NASA/GCMD Platform Keywords
  • Models/Analyses > DEM > Digital Elevation Model
INFOTERRA Keyword Thesaurus
  • INFOTERRA > Environmental information > GIS > GIS
  • INFOTERRA > Environmental monitoring > Monitoring data > Baseline studies
  • INFOTERRA > Lithosphere > Coastlines > Coastlines
  • INFOTERRA > Subject disciplines > Geology > Geology
  • INFOTERRA > Subject disciplines > Geomorphology > Geomorphology
Uncontrolled Keywords
  • Bathymetry
  • Geography and Land Cover > Great Lakes
  • Geomorphology
  • Great Lakes
  • Lacustrine
  • Multibeam
  • Topography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Service Keywords
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS > WEB-BASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • DATA MANAGEMENT/DATA HANDLING > DATA SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > VISUALIZATION/IMAGE PROCESSING
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Service Keywords
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS > WEB-BASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • DATA MANAGEMENT/DATA HANDLING > DATA SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > VISUALIZATION/IMAGE PROCESSING
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Place keywords Getty Thesuarus of Geographic Names
  • North America > Great Lakes
NASA/GCMD Place Keywords
  • Continent > North America > United States of America > Great Lakes
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • ICSU-WDS > International Council for Science - World Data System
Use Constraints No constraint information available
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Other Constraints Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center, 1996. Bathymetry of Lake Michigan. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5B85627 [access date].
Fees
  • Download online no charge. CD-ROM: 25 USD plus shipping and handling.
  • USD plus shipping and handling
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2017-07-03
For questions about the information on this page, please email: dem.info@noaa.gov