Text View of ISO 19115/19115-2 Metadata with Links to Guidance on NOAA EDM WikiBack to Collection NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC/MGG/Hazard_Photos

View Metadata As: Get Data, FAQ, HTML, 19139 XML

Assess Metadata For: Completeness, DOI Readiness, CSW Readiness, Components
identificationInfo
contentInfo
distributionInfo
dataQualityInfo
metadataMaintenance

Eruption of Mount St. Helens, May 18, 1980
 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.photos:G01224
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        positionName:  Hazards Data Manager
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305-3328
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:  2015-10-14
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
return to top
    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Eruption of Mount St. Helens, May 18, 1980
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  1994
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            edition:  First
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Document
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (comp)
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  National Geophysical Data Center
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            presentationForm:
        abstract:  The May 18, 1980 eruption of Mount Saint Helens was the most destructive in the history of the United States. Mt. Saint Helens is located in southwest Washington in the Cascade Range, a mountain range dominated by periodically active volcanic peaks. In addition to photos taken on May 18, 1980, this slide set includes images of pre-eruption activity and post-eruption effects such as the blast area, mud flows, ash fall, and altered terrain. The Juan de Fuca Plate is colliding with the North American Plate in the Cascadia Subduction Zone off the coast of Oregon and Washington. Geologists and volcanologists had been studying Mount Saint Helens in the 1970s and had predicted an eruption before the end of the century. The mountain had been recognized as a dormant volcano that had erupted intermittently from 1831 to 1857. The Klickitat Indians of the Pacific Northwest called Mount Saint Helens "Louwala-Clough" or Smoking Mountain. However, the beautiful snow-covered peak looked serene to the casual observer just days before the start of eruptive activity. On March 20, 1980, seismographs in Washington and Oregon began recording earthquakes and a rhythmic ground shaking known as harmonic tremor (anindicator of the subsurface motion of gases or magma). A series of phreatic (steam) eruptions began on March 27. Shortly after the start of eruptive activity geologists noticed another sinister indicator of impending disaster. The north flank of the mountain had begun to swell. Aerial photos indicated that this bulge increased the height of some areas of the north side of the mountain by more than 450 feet. On May 18, the bulge collapsed, triggering the eruption. The sequence of events on May 18 began with a magnitude 5.1 earthquake. The shaking caused a massive landslide on the unstable north side-one of the largest landslides in historic times. Removal of this overburden resulted in the release of trapped gases that combined with steam from water, melted ice, and snow. This massive uncorking of the volcano produced a lateral blast that downed trees up to 19 miles from the volcano. The blast hurled nearly a cubic mile of Mount Saint Helens across the landscape and into the atmosphere. The mountain lost about one-seventh of its original height, dropping from 9,700 feet to 8,400 feet. An ash cloud of new magmatic material and steam reached an altitude of more than 16 miles in ten minutes. The cloud, driven by the prevailing winds, traveled in an east-northeasterly direction and deposited ash in eleven states and reached as far east as Wisconsin. Pyroclastic flows (gravity flows of volcanic material that has been explosively ejected from a volcanic event) periodically poured out of thecrater and down the north flank into the valley below. These flows, along wth hot ash and debris, began melting the snow and ice that remained onthe flanks of the mountain. The debris-filled water, together with ground water and rain water, raised Spirit Lake 200 feet and created mudflows which moved down the Toutle River valley and the Pine Creek drainage. The eruption resulted in scores of injuries and the loss of 60 lives. The lateral blast, debris avalanche, mudflows, and flooding caused extensive damage. All buildings and related man-made structures in the vicinity of Spirit Lake were damaged or buried. Two hundred houses were destroyed and many more were damaged in Skamania and Cowlitz Counties, leaving many homeless. Many tens of thousands of acres of forest land as well as recreational sites, trails, and four billion board feet of salable timber were destroyed or damaged. More than 185 miles of highways and roads and 15 miles of railways were destroyed or extensively damaged. Wildlife suffered heavily in the area. Many agricultural crops were destroyed downwind of the volcano. State and Federal agencies estimated that over 2.4million cubic yards of ash, equivalent to 900,000 tons in weight, were removed from highways and airports at a cost of $2.2 million. The total cost of the destruction and damage caused by Mount Saint Helens was about $1 billion.
        purpose:  Make available Damage Photos for research and education
        credit:  Patricia Lockridge
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Hazards Data Manager
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) notPlanned
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/icons/small_res/31/31_628.jpg
            fileDescription:  The May 18 eruption, viewed from the east in late morning. The eruptive cloud rose to an altitude of more than 12 miles in ten minutes. The swirling ash particles in the eruptive cloud generated lightning which in turn started forest fires. Other fires were ignited by the initial blasts and later pyroclastic flows. Ash can be seen falling out of the cloud. Nearly 550 million tons of ash fell over a 22,000 square mile area on May 18.
            fileType:  JPEG
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > Volcanoes > Eruption Dynamics
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > Volcanoes > Lava
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > Volcanoes > Magma
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > Volcanoes > Pyroclastics
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > Volcanoes > Volcanic Ash/Dust
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
                date: (unknown)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Lithosphere > Seismic activity > Seismic activity
            keyword:  Lithosphere > Volcanoes > Volcano
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  INFOTERRA Keyword Thesaurus
                date: (unknown)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  ICSU-WDS > International Council for Science - World Data System
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) project
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-03-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  1995-04-24
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.1
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NASA
                    positionName:  GCMD User Support Office
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            electronicMailAddress:  gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://gcmd.nasa.gov/MailComments/MailComments.jsf?rcpt=gcmduso
                            name:  GCMD Feedback Form
                            description:  Have a Comment for the GCMD?
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (inapplicable)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://gcmd.nasa.gov/learn/keyword_list.html
                            name:  GCMD's Science Keywords and Associated Directory Keywords
                            description:  This page describes the NASA GCMD Keywords, how to reference those keywords and provides download instructions.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  North and Central America > United States > Washington > Skamania > Mount Saint Helens
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
                date: (unknown)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCenter
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-03-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  1995-04-24
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.1
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NASA
                    positionName:  GCMD User Support Office
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            electronicMailAddress:  gcmduso@gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://gcmd.nasa.gov/MailComments/MailComments.jsf?rcpt=gcmduso
                            name:  GCMD Feedback Form
                            description:  Have a Comment for the GCMD?
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (inapplicable)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://gcmd.nasa.gov/learn/keyword_list.html
                            name:  GCMD's Science Keywords and Associated Directory Keywords
                            description:  This page describes the NASA GCMD Keywords, how to reference those keywords and provides download instructions.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Access Constraints: None Use Constraints: None Distribution Liability: While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetIdentifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                authority:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Container Packet ID
                    date: (unknown)
                code:  G01143
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode)
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) geoscientificInformation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -122.18
                eastBoundLongitude:  -122.18
                southBoundLatitude:  46.2
                northBoundLatitude:  46.2
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:  Publication Date
                    beginPosition:  1980-03-00
                    endPosition:  1983-05-00
return to top
    contentInfo:
return to top
    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  TIFF
            version: (unknown)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  TIFF
            version: (unknown)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  User Services
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  303-497-6826
                        facsimile:  303-497-6513
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                        city:  Boulder
                        administrativeArea:  CO
                        postalCode:  80305-3328
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ngdc.info@noaa.gov
                    hoursOfService:  8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  $25.00 plus handling and shipping outside the USA
                orderingInstructions:  Non-Digital Form: 35 mm slides; Eruption of Mount St. Helens, May 18, 1980 Ordering Instructions: Product may be ordered from onlin store via: http://ols.nndc.noaa.gov/plolstore/plsql/olstore.prodspecific?prodnum=G01224-SLI-A0001 Custom Order Process: Contact Data Center
                turnaround:  4 Days
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  Free download
                orderingInstructions:  Ordering Instructions: Product may be downloaded via: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?eq_1=31&t=101634&s=0&d=4&d=44 Custom Order Process: Contact Data Center
                turnaround:  None
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  $195.00/145.00 plus handling and shipment outside the USA
                orderingInstructions:  Ordering Instructions: Product may be ordered from the online store via: http://ols.nndc.noaa.gov/plolstore/plsql/olstore.prodspecific?prodnum=G01268-CDR-A0001 Custom Order Process: Contact Data Center
                turnaround:  4 Days
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            transferSize:
              Real:  23390
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?eq_1=31&t=101634&s=0&d=4&d=44
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?eq_1=31&t=101634&s=0&d=4&d=44
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            offLine:  (MD_Medium)
                name:  (MD_MediumNameCode) cdRom
                mediumFormat:  (MD_MediumFormatCode) iso9660
return to top
    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
return to top
    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency: (unknown)
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata was automatically generated from the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata standard version FGDC-STD-012-2002 using the June 2011 version of the FGDC RSE to ISO 19115-2 transform. The Spatial Reference Information is not currently mapped over to ISO but will be mapped in future versions.
        maintenanceNote:  This record was automatically modified on 2015-10-14 to include references to NCEI where applicable.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Anna Milan
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Metadata Specialist
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (303) 497-5099
                    facsimile:  (303) 497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  Mail Code E/NE52
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  Anna.Milan@noaa.gov
                hoursOfService:  9:00 - 5:00 Mountain
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Hazards Data Manager
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  haz.info@noaa.gov
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact