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Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database, 4360 BC to present

browse graphicA lava fountain from the 1959 eruption of Kilauea Iki, Hawaii.
The Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database is a global listing of over 600 eruptions from 4360 BC to the present. A significant eruption is classified as one that meets at least one of the following criteria: caused fatalities, caused moderate damage (approximately $1 million or more), Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6 or greater, generated a tsunami, or was associated with a significant earthquake. The database provides information on the latitude, longitude, elevation, type of volcano, last known eruption, VEI index, and socio-economic data such as the total number of casualties, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged, and $ dollage damage estimates. References, political geography, and additional comments are also provided for each eruption. If the eruption was associated with a tsunami or significant earthquake, it is flagged and linked to the related database. For a complete list of current and past activity for all volcanoes on the planet active during the last 10,000 years, please see Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP).
Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH [access date]
Search Data
  • Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database (search)
    The database contains information on the latitude, longitude, elevation, type of volcano, last known eruption, VEI index, and socio-economic data such as the total number of casualties, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged, and $ dollage damage estimates, if available. If the eruption was associated with a tsunami or significant earthquake, it is flagged and linked to the related database.
  • Natural Hazards Map Viewer (search)
    Tsunami source and runup locations, significant earthquake epicenters, significant volcanic eruption locations.
Download Data
  • Google Earth KML (download)
    Tsunami source and runup locations, significant earthquake epicenters, significant volcanic eruption locations.
Distribution Formats
  • ASCII
  • ArcGIS
Distributor Hazards Data Manager
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI> National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
haz.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Paula Dunbar
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
(303) 497-6084
Paula.Dunbar@noaa.gov
General Documentation
Date(s)
  • publication: 2001-03-23
Data Presentation Form: mapDigital
Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status On Going
Data Update Frequency: As needed
Purpose: These data are necessary for volcanic hazard assessments and mitigation efforts.
Originator(s)
  • National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS)
Point(s) of Contact
  • Paula Dunbar
    DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publisher(s)
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Time Period: -4360-00-00 to Present
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
N: 71
S: -63
E: 180
W: -180
Spatial Coverage Map:
Theme keywords NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Eruption Dynamics
  • Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Lava
  • Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Magma
  • Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Pyroclastics
  • Earth Science > Solid Earth > Volcanoes > Volcanic Ash/Dust
NASA/GCMD Instrument Keywords
  • Visual Observations
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Place keywords NASA/GCMD Location Keywords
  • Global
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • ICSU-WDS > International Council for Science - World Data System
Use Constraints
  • While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Access Constraints
  • Access to this dataset is unrestricted.
Other Constraints Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH [access date]
Fees
  • Free online
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2015-10-01
For questions about the information on this page, please email: haz.info@noaa.gov