2007 USGS/NPS/NASA Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL): Northern Gulf of Mexico Barrier Islands
A bare earth elevation map (also known as a Digital Elevation Model, or DEM) of the northern Gulf of Mexico barrier islands and Naval Live Oaks was produced from remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements cooperatively by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the National Park Service (NPS), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). This data set provides the those bare earth elevation measurements of the barrier islands in the following counties: St. Bernard in LA, Harrison and Jackson in MS, Mobile and Baldwin in AL, and Escambia and Santa Rosa in FL. Elevation measurements were collected over the area using the NASA Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), a pulsed-laser ranging system mounted onboard an aircraft to measure ground elevation, vegetation canopy, and coastal topography. The system uses high-frequency laser beams directed at the Earth's surface through an opening in the bottom of the aircraft's fuselage. The laser system records the time difference between emission of the laser beam and the reception of the reflected laser signal in the aircraft. The plane travels over the target area at approximately 50 meters per second at an elevation of approximately 300 meters. The EAARL, developed by NASA at Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia, measures ground elevation with a vertical resolution of 15 centimeters. A sampling rate of 3 kilohertz or higher results in an extremely dense spatial elevation dataset. Over 100 kilometers of coastline can be surveyed easily within a 3- to 4-hour mission. When subsequent elevation maps for an area are analyzed, they provide managers with a useful tool to make management decisions regarding land development.
|Other Access||Online access information not available.|
|Distributor||DOC/NOAA/NOS/OCM > Office for Coastal Management, National Ocean Service, National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
|Dataset Point of Contact||Amar Nayegandhi or John Brock at USGS
Jacobs Technology, contracted to USGS
Documentation links not available.
|Data Presentation Form:|| Digital image
|Dataset Progress Status||Complete|
|Data Update Frequency:||Not planned|
Unprocessed Lidar data are not in a format that is generally usable by resource managers and scientists. Converting dense Lidar elevation data into a readily usable format without loss of essential information requires specialized processing. The U.S. Geological Survey's Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) Program has developed custom software to convert unprocessed Lidar data into a GIS-compatible map product to be provided to GIS specialists, managers, and scientists. The primary tool used in the conversion process is Advanced Lidar Processing System (ALPS), a multi-tiered processing system developed by a USGS-NASA collaborative project. Specialized processing algorithms are used to convert unprocessed waveform Lidar data acquired by the EAARL to georeferenced spot (x, y, z) returns for "bare earth" topography. These data are then converted to the North American Datum of 1983 and the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (using the GEOID 03 model). The files are in the Quarter-Quad tiling format and are named after the U.S. Geological Survey Alpha Quarter-Quad naming convention ('QQ_naming_convention.doc'). The development of custom software for creating these data products has been supported by the U.S. Geological Survey CMG Program's Decision Support for Coastal Parks, Sanctuaries, and Preserves project. Processed data products are used by the U.S. Geological Survey CMG Program's National Assessments of Coastal Change Hazards project to quantify the vulnerability of shorelines to coastal change hazards such as severe storms, sea-level rise, and shoreline erosion and retreat.
|Purpose:||The purpose of this project was to produce a highly detailed and accurate bare earth digital elevation map of the northern Gulf of Mexico barrier islands for use as a management tool and to make these data available to natural resource managers and research scientists.|
|Time Period:||2007-06-27 to 2007-06-30|
|Spatial Reference System:||urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269|
|Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:||
|Spatial Coverage Map:|
|Use Constraints||No constraint information available|
|Fees||Fee information not available.|
Last Modified: 2013-06-07
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