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2012 NOAA American Samoa Lidar: Islands of Tutuila, Aunu'u, Ofu, Olosega, Ta'u and Rose Atoll
browse graphic Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data is remotely sensed high-resolution elevation data collected by an airborne collection platform. This LiDAR dataset is a survey of American Samoa including the islands of Tutuila, Aunu'u, Ofu, Olosega, Ta'u and Rose Atoll. The project area consists of approximately 75 square miles. The project design of the LiDAR data acquisition was developed to support a nominal post spacing of 1.0 meter or better (1.0 meter GSD). GMR Aerial Surveys Inc. d/b/a Photo Science, Inc. acquired 108 flight lines in 7 lifts between June 2012 and July 2012. This collection was for NOAA Coastal Services Center (CSC). The data collection was performed with a Beechcraft King Air 90 twin engine aircraft (tail number N87E) utilizing an Optech Gemini sensor; collecting multiple return x, y, and z as well as intensity data. The data were provided to CSC, classified as: Unclassified (1), Ground (2), Low Point (Noise) (7), Water (9), Breakline Edge (10), Overlap Unclassified (17) and Overlap Ground (18). The classifications available for download from the Digital Coast are: Unclassified (1), Ground (2), Low Point (Noise) 7, Water (9), Removed Ground (breakline edge) (10), and Overlap (12). The collection conditions were cloud and fog-free between the aircraft and the ground; streams must be within their banks; and low tide acquisition if at all possible. Data voids within a single swath were avoided whenever possible. Acceptable void areas are caused by a water body; areas of low near infrared (NIR) reflectivity such as asphalt or composition roofing and where appropriately filled in by another swath. Unfortunately, during the LiDAR acquisition there were a few mountain peaks where the clouds never lifted high enough to collect LiDAR. In order to post process the LiDAR data to meet task order specifications, Photo Science, Inc. established control points that were used to calibrate the LiDAR to known ground locations established on Tutuila. Please see the survey report for more details on ground control point collection at: ftp://ftp.csc.noaa.gov/pub/crs/beachmap/qa_docs/as/PhotoScience-AmSam_PostFlightAcquisitionReport_FINAL.pdf The dataset was developed based on a horizontal projection/datum of UTM NAD83 (PACP00), UTM Zone 2, meters. The vertical datum used during the collection, varied by island. NAVD88 (ASVD02), meters was used for the island of Tutuila (and Aunu'u). NAVD1988 (GEOID09), meters was used for the islands of Ofu, Olosega and Tau. Rose atoll was adjusted from Ellipsoid heights to a mean low water (MLW) datum. Upon receipt of the data, the NOAA Coastal Services Center converted the lidar data to geographic coordinates and ellipsoid heights using GEOID09. Rose Atoll data were converted to geographic coordinates and to ellipsoid heights using the MLW correction value of 22.8 m. Conversion is for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes. LiDAR data was collected in RAW flightline swath format and processed to create Classified LAS 1.2 files.