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Photographic Records Showing the Variations of the Virtual Height of Reflection as a Function of the Radio Frequency

The standard (analog) ionosonde produces photographic records known as ionograms, which show the variations of the virtual height of reflection as a function of the radio frequency. The frequency band normally used is from about 1 MHz to about 20 MHz though some ionosondes operate down to about 0.20 MHz and up to 30 MHz. The ionograms actually show the time of travel of the pulse signal from the transmitter to the ionosphere and back to the receiver. A given station typically generates a sweep-frequency ionogram in about two minutes. Normally four ionograms are taken per hour, one at each quarter hour. As of May 1994, there are approximately 16,140 rolls of ionogram film at our Data Center. Most of these photographic records (ionograms) were recorded on 35mm film, but there are some 16mm ionogram film. One month of 35mm ionograms averages about 800 feet of film. These rolls of film are kept off site but can be retrieved when needed. If you would like to study specific ionograms, researchers are welcome at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (formerly National Geophysical Data Center), but are requested to give adequate advance notice of their visit so that appropriate arrangements may be made for their work space at the Data Center. Some ionograms were digitized and are stored in TIF G4 format.
Cite this dataset when used as a source.
Distribution Formats
  • ASCII
Distributor Justin Mabie
Space and Terrestrial Weather Specialist
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
(303) 497-6135
Justin.Mabie@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Justin Mabie
Space and Terrestrial Weather Specialist
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
(303) 497-6135
Justin.Mabie@noaa.gov
Documentation links not available.
Date(s)
  • publication: 1957-01-01
Edition: First
Dataset Progress Status Under development
Data Update Frequency: Continual
Purpose: Research - Radio Frequency Reflection
Use Limitations
  • While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Originator(s)
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publisher(s)
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Time Period: 1944-03-01 to Present
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
N: 90.000000
S: -90.000000
E: 180.000000
W: -180.000000
Spatial Coverage Map:
Theme keywords NASA/GCMD Earth Science Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > SOLAR PHYSICS > Solar Energetic > Particles > Particle Density
Uncontrolled Keywords
  • Ionosonde
  • Bottomside
  • Ionograms
  • Space Physics - Ionospheric Science
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Place keywords NASA/GCMD Location Keywords
  • Global
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • ICSU-WDS > International Council for Science - World Data System
Use Constraints
  • Use Constraints: None
Access Constraints
  • Access Constraints: No Constraints
Fees
  • Depends on the Data Set
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2015-09-18
For questions about the information on this page, please email: Justin.Mabie@noaa.gov