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Appendix B. Glossary of Acronyms

ADD Antarctic Digital Database (of SCAR)
AGIP Azienda Generale Italiana Petroli (an Italian petroleum company)
AMS Army Map Service, 1946-1968
ANUDEM Australian National University digital elevation modeling software package
AUSLIG Australian Surveying and Land Information Group
B.A.D. Best Available Data (better than G.O.O.D. GLOBE data, but with noted restrictions)
BSTATS An ERDAS function
CALTECH California Institute of Technology
CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
DCW Digital Chart of the World
DEM Digital elevation model. This is used in the generic sense of a raster data set attempting to represent the elevation of the dry land surface. It does not imply any particular data format or collection methodology. It also does not include other forms of digital elevation data, such as digitized points or contours.
DFD Deutsches Fernerkundungsdatenzentrum (German Remote Sensing Data Center)
DIS Data and Information System
DLR Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (German Aerospace Center)
DMA Defense Mapping Agency, 1972-1996
DOD U.S. Department of Defense
DTED Digital Terrain Elevation Data (NIMA DEMs)
EDC EROS Data Center
EOS Earth Observing System (a NASA program)
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ERDAS Earth Resources Data Analysis System (a software package)
EROS Earth Resources Observation Systems
ERS Earth Resources Satellite (European Space Agency satellite series)
ESRI Environmental Science Research Institute, Inc.
ETOPO5 5-minute global DEM (the first global DEM, which also included bathymetry)
FGDC Federal Geographic Data Committee
FTP File Transfer Protocol
GIS Geographic information system
GLOBE Global Land One-kilometer Base Elevation project
GMT Generic Mapping Tool
GNGTS Gruppo Nazionale di Geofisica della Terra Solida (Italy)
G.O.O.D. Globally Only Open-access Data (unrestricted GLOBE data)
GRASS Geographic Resources Analysis Support System GIS
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center
GSI Geographical Survey Institute, Japan
GTOPO30 USGS name for its global 30" DEM
GZIP A software utility
IBGE Instituto Brasiliero de Geografia e Estatistica
ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions
IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme
IMW International Map of the World
ISPRS International Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory (a NASA research center administered by the California Institute of Technology)
LCR Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research, Ltd., New Zealand
MISR Multiangle Imaging SpectroRadiometer
MPI Ministerio della Publica Instruziane (Italian Ministry of Public Instruction)
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service
NGDC National Geophysical Data Center
NIMA National Imagery and Mapping Agency
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NSIDC National Snow and Ice Data Center
ONC Operational Navigation Chart
OLS Operational Linescan System
RMSE Root-mean-square error
SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
SDTS Spatial Data Transfer Standard
SGN Servizio Geologico Nazionale (National Geological Service (Italy))
SRTM Shuttle Radar Topography Mapper mission
UCL University College London
UNO United Nations Organization
URL Uniform Resource Locator (Web address)
USATC U.S. Army Topographic Command
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
WGD Working Group on Data
WGISS Working Group on Information Systems and Services
WGS World Geodetic System
WVS World Vector Shoreline
WWW World Wide Web


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